Map - Africa

World >  Africa

Africa

Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent, being behind Asia in both categories. At about 30.3 million km 2 (11.7 million square miles) including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of Earth's total surface area and 20% of its land area. With billion people as of, it accounts for about 16% of the world's human population. The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Isthmus of Suez and the Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The continent includes Madagascar and various archipelagos. It contains 54 fully recognised sovereign states (countries), nine territories and two de facto independent states with limited or no recognition. The majority of the continent and its countries are in the Northern Hemisphere, with a substantial portion and number of countries in the Southern Hemisphere.

Africa's average population is the youngest amongst all the continents; the median age in 2012 was 19.7, when the worldwide median age was 30.4. Algeria is Africa's largest country by area, and Nigeria is its largest by population. Africa, particularly central Eastern Africa, is widely accepted as the place of origin of humans and the Hominidae clade (great apes), as evidenced by the discovery of the earliest hominids and their ancestors as well as later ones that have been dated to around 7 million years ago, including Sahelanthropus tchadensis, Australopithecus africanus, A. afarensis, Homo erectus, H. habilis and H. ergaster—the earliest Homo sapiens (modern human), found in Ethiopia, date to circa 200,000 years ago. Africa straddles the equator and encompasses numerous climate areas; it is the only continent to stretch from the northern temperate to southern temperate zones.

Africa hosts a large diversity of ethnicities, cultures and languages. In the late 19th century, European countries colonised almost all of Africa; most present states in Africa originated from a process of decolonisation in the 20th century. African nations cooperate through the establishment of the African Union, which is headquartered in Addis Ababa.

Afri was a Latin name used to refer to the inhabitants of then-known northern Africa to the west of the Nile river, and in its widest sense referred to all lands south of the Mediterranean (Ancient Libya). This name seems to have originally referred to a native Libyan tribe, an ancestor of modern Berbers; see Terence for discussion. The name had usually been connected with the Phoenician word ʿafar meaning "dust", but a 1981 hypothesis has asserted that it stems from the Berber word ifri (plural ifran) meaning "cave", in reference to cave dwellers. The same word may be found in the name of the Banu Ifran from Algeria and Tripolitania, a Berber tribe originally from Yafran (also known as Ifrane) in northwestern Libya.

Under Roman rule, Carthage became the capital of the province it then named Africa Proconsularis, following its defeat of the Carthaginians in the Third Punic War in 146 BC, which also included the coastal part of modern Libya. The Latin suffix -ica can sometimes be used to denote a land (e.g., in Celtica from Celtae, as used by Julius Caesar). The later Muslim region of Ifriqiya, following its conquest of the Byzantine (Eastern Roman) Empire's Exarchatus Africae, also preserved a form of the name.

According to the Romans, Africa lay to the west of Egypt, while "Asia" was used to refer to Anatolia and lands to the east. A definite line was drawn between the two continents by the geographer Ptolemy (85–165 AD), indicating Alexandria along the Prime Meridian and making the isthmus of Suez and the Red Sea the boundary between Asia and Africa. As Europeans came to understand the real extent of the continent, the idea of "Africa" expanded with their knowledge.

Other etymological hypotheses have been postulated for the ancient name "Africa":

* The 1st-century Jewish historian Flavius Josephus (Ant. 1.15) asserted that it was named for Epher, grandson of Abraham according to Gen. 25:4, whose descendants, he claimed, had invaded Libya.

* Isidore of Seville in his 7th-century Etymologiae XIV.5.2. suggests "Africa comes from the Latin aprica, meaning "sunny".

* Massey, in 1881, stated that Africa is derived from the Egyptian af-rui-ka, meaning "to turn toward the opening of the Ka." The Ka is the energetic double of every person and the "opening of the Ka" refers to a womb or birthplace. Africa would be, for the Egyptians, "the birthplace." 

Map - Africa

Latitude / Longitude : 7° 11' 17" N / 21° 5' 38" E  

Map

Google-Map-Africa
Google
Google Earth-Map-Africa
Google Earth
Bing-Map-Africa
Bing
Nokia-Map-Africa
Nokia
OpenStreetMap-Map-Africa
OpenStreetMap
Map-AfricaAfrica_geography_political_map.jpg
Africa_geography_pol...
1536x1866
freemapviewer.com
Map-AfricaFile:Topographic_map_of_Africa.jpg
File:Topographic_map...
4800x5250
freemapviewer.com
Map-Africa2000px-Blank_Map-Africa.svg.jpg
2000px-Blank_Map-Afr...
2000x2050
freemapviewer.com
Map-Africaafrica.jpg
africa.jpg
1516x1894
freemapviewer.com
Map-AfricaAfrica_topography_map_with_borders.jpg
Africa_topography_ma...
2663x2639
freemapviewer.com
Map-Africa-high_resolution_detailed_political_and_relief_map_of_africa.jpg
high_resolution_deta...
7812x8980
www.vidiani.com
Map-Africa-africa.png
africa.png
5784x5922
inkwellideas.com
Map-Africa-high_resolution_detailed_physical_and_political_map_of_africa.jpg
high_resolution_deta...
5045x5593
www.vidiani.com
Map-Africa-africa4c.jpg
africa4c.jpg
3702x5182
alabamamaps.ua.edu
Map-Africa-africa4c.jpg
africa4c.jpg
3702x5182
alabamamaps.ua.edu
Map-Africa-Africa-Map-1829.jpg
Africa-Map-1829.jpg
4680x3277
www.zonu.com
Map-Africa-africa_map1.jpg
africa_map1.jpg
2510x3152
geog200rademaaj.file...
Map-Africa-academia_africa_political_lg.jpg
academia_africa_poli...
2379x3276
www.worldmapsonline....
Map-Africa-africa_continent_detailed_physical_and_political_map.jpg
africa_continent_det...
2338x2994
www.vidiani.com
Map-Africa-AfricaWMGP2Large-picasa.jpg
AfricaWMGP2Large-pic...
2133x2361
www.oocities.org
Map-Africa-Africa_Map_1745_(rus).jpg
Africa_Map_1745_(rus...
2376x1860
upload.wikimedia.org
Map-Africa-africamap-large.jpg
africamap-large.jpg
1900x2300
adventureandrew.com
Map-Africa-Africa-physical-map.jpg
Africa-physical-map....
2000x2143
www.zonu.com
Map-Africa-Africa-Political-Map.png
Africa-Political-Map...
2000x2081
www.zonu.com
Map-Africa-Africa-map.jpg
Africa-map.jpg
2000x1900
africatales.org
Map-Africa-PSM_V37_D676_Map_of_africa_circa_1890.jpg
PSM_V37_D676_Map_of_...
1860x1955
upload.wikimedia.org
Map-Africa-AfricaFlagMap.jpg
AfricaFlagMap.jpg
1825x1919
siteresources.worldb...
Map-Africa-Africa_Flag_Map_by_lg_studio.png
Africa_Flag_Map_by_l...
1825x1919
fc09.deviantart.net
Map-Africa-africa_map_gloss.png
africa_map_gloss.png
1825x1919
hurt.ch
Map-Africa-large_detailed_political_and_physical_map_of_africa.jpg
large_detailed_polit...
1878x1825
www.vidiani.com
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 

Facebook

 mapnall@gmail.com