Map - Ashgabat (Aşgabat Şäheri)

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Ashgabat (Aşgabat Şäheri)

Ashgabat (Aşgabat, ; ) — named Poltoratsk between 1919 and 1927, is the capital and the largest city of Turkmenistan in Central Asia, situated between the Karakum Desert and the Kopet Dag mountain range.

The city was founded in 1881, and made the capital of the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic in 1924. Much of the city was destroyed by the 1948 Ashgabat earthquake but has since seen extensive renovation under President Saparmurat Niyazov's urban renewal project. The Karakum Canal runs through the city, carrying waters from the Amu Darya from east to west.

Ashgabat is called Aşgabat in Turkmen, Ашхабад (Ashkhabad) in Russian, and Ešq-ābād (عشق‌آباد) in Persian. Before 1991, the city was usually spelled Ashkhabad in English, a transliteration of the Russian form. It has also been variously spelled Ashkhabat and Ashgabad. From 1919 until 1927, the city was renamed Poltoratsk after a local revolutionary, Pavel Gerasimovich Poltoratskiy.

Although the name literally means "city of love" or "city of devotion" in modern Persian, the name might be modified through folk etymology. Turkmen historian Ovez Gundogdiyev believes that the name goes back to the Parthian era, 3rd century BC, deriving from the name of the founder of the Parthian Empire, Arsaces I of Parthia, in Persian Ashk-Abad (the city of Ashk/Arsaces).

 

Map - Ashgabat (Aşgabat Şäheri)

Latitude / Longitude : 37° 57' 0" N / 58° 22' 60" E | Time zone : UTC+5 | Currency : TMT | Telephone : 993  

Map

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Map-Ashgabat-Stamen.TonerLite
Stamen.TonerLite

Photograph

Ashgabat--Ashgabat, Turkmenistan Astronaut Imagery

Ashgabat, Turkmenistan Astronaut Imagery
Ashgabat-First Baha'i Temple in the world-Ashkabad Temple Bahai
First Baha'i Temple in the world
Ashkabad Temple Bahai
Ashgabat-Shopping-Tolkuchka Bazaar in Ashgabat
Shopping
Tolkuchka Bazaar in Ashgabat
Ashgabat-Transportation-Ashgabat Airport (3202977543)
Transportation
Ashgabat Airport (3202977543)
Ashgabat-Notable buildings-Ahal Velayat Hippodrome - Flickr - Kerri-Jo (89)
Notable buildings
Ahal Velayat Hippodrome - Flickr - Kerri-Jo (89)
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Country - Turkmenistan

Flag of Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan ( or ; Türkmenistan, ), formerly known as Turkmenia, officially the Republic of Turkmenistan, is a country in Central Asia, bordered by Kazakhstan to the northwest, Uzbekistan to the north and east, Afghanistan to the southeast, Iran to the south and southwest, and the Caspian Sea to the west. Ashgabat is the capital and largest city. The population of the country is 5.6 million, the lowest of the Central Asian republics and one of the most sparsely populated in Asia.

Turkmenistan has been at the crossroads of civilizations for centuries. In medieval times, Merv was one of the great cities of the Islamic world and an important stop on the Silk Road, a caravan route used for trade with China until the mid-15th century. Annexed by the Russian Empire in 1881, Turkmenistan later figured prominently in the anti-Bolshevik movement in Central Asia. In 1925, Turkmenistan became a constituent republic of the Soviet Union, Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic (Turkmen SSR); it became independent upon the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.
Currency / Language  
ISO Currency Symbol Significant figures
TMT Turkmenistan manat m 2
ISO Language
RU Russian language
TK Turkmen language
UZ Uzbek language
Map  
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Neighbourhood - Country  
  •  Afghanistan 
  •  Iran 
  •  Kazakhstan 
  •  Uzbekistan 

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