Map - Cerro

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Cerro

Cerro is one of the 15 municipalities or boroughs (municipios in Spanish) in the city of Havana, Cuba. As of 2016 it is considered "one of Havana’s poorest municipalities."

The area dates from 1803 when two property owners José María Rodríguez and Francisco Betancourt established residence. Their example was followed by many others. In 1807, Cerro was recognized as a town with the construction of the first wooden church, which has been replaced by the current parish buildings.

Cerro was chosen by wealthy families of the capital as a place to spend the summer. In 1843 there existed five large vacation residences, with 23 others notable for their sumptuousness. There were also 273 private homes owned by wealthy families. In 1800, Cerro's population was 2,000; 2,125 in 1843; and by 1858, there were 2,530 permanent residents.

 

Map - Cerro

Latitude / Longitude : 23° 6' 31" N / 82° 22' 40" W | Time zone : UTC-5:0 / UTC-4 | Currency : CUP | Telephone : 53  

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Cerro
Cerro
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Country - Cuba

Flag of Cuba
Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba , is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos. Cuba is located in the northern Caribbean where the Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Ocean meet. It is east of the Yucatán Peninsula (Mexico), south of both the U.S. state of Florida and the Bahamas, west of Haiti and north of both Jamaica and the Cayman Islands. Havana is the largest city and capital; other major cities include Santiago de Cuba and Camagüey. The area of the Republic of Cuba is 110,860 km2 (109,884 km2 without the territorial waters). The island of Cuba is the largest island in Cuba and in the Caribbean, with an area of 105,006 km2, and the second-most populous after Hispaniola, with over 11 million inhabitants.

The territory that is now Cuba was inhabited by the Ciboney Taíno people from the 4th millennium BC until Spanish colonisation in the 15th century. From the 15th century, it was a colony of Spain until the Spanish–American War of 1898, when Cuba was occupied by the United States and gained nominal independence as a de facto United States protectorate in 1902. As a fragile republic, in 1940 Cuba attempted to strengthen its democratic system, but mounting political radicalization and social strife culminated in a coup and subsequent dictatorship under Fulgencio Batista in 1952. Open corruption and oppression under Batista's rule led to his ousting in January 1959 by the 26th of July Movement, which afterwards established communist rule under the leadership of Fidel Castro. Since 1965, the state has been governed by the Communist Party of Cuba. The country was a point of contention during the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States, and a nuclear war nearly broke out during the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962. Cuba is one of few Marxist–Leninist socialist states, where the role of the vanguard Communist Party is enshrined in the Constitution. Independent observers have accused the Cuban government of numerous human rights abuses, including arbitrary imprisonment.
Currency / Language  
ISO Currency Symbol Significant figures
CUC Cuban convertible peso $ 2
CUP Cuban peso $ 2
ISO Language
ES Spanish language
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