Map - Cuba (Republic of Cuba)

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Cuba (Republic of Cuba)

Flag of Cuba
Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba , is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos. Cuba is located in the northern Caribbean where the Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Ocean meet. It is east of the Yucatán Peninsula (Mexico), south of both the U.S. state of Florida and the Bahamas, west of Haiti and north of both Jamaica and the Cayman Islands. Havana is the largest city and capital; other major cities include Santiago de Cuba and Camagüey. The area of the Republic of Cuba is 110,860 km2 (109,884 km2 without the territorial waters). The island of Cuba is the largest island in Cuba and in the Caribbean, with an area of 105,006 km2, and the second-most populous after Hispaniola, with over 11 million inhabitants.

The territory that is now Cuba was inhabited by the Ciboney Taíno people from the 4th millennium BC until Spanish colonisation in the 15th century. From the 15th century, it was a colony of Spain until the Spanish–American War of 1898, when Cuba was occupied by the United States and gained nominal independence as a de facto United States protectorate in 1902. As a fragile republic, in 1940 Cuba attempted to strengthen its democratic system, but mounting political radicalization and social strife culminated in a coup and subsequent dictatorship under Fulgencio Batista in 1952. Open corruption and oppression under Batista's rule led to his ousting in January 1959 by the 26th of July Movement, which afterwards established communist rule under the leadership of Fidel Castro. Since 1965, the state has been governed by the Communist Party of Cuba. The country was a point of contention during the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States, and a nuclear war nearly broke out during the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962. Cuba is one of few Marxist–Leninist socialist states, where the role of the vanguard Communist Party is enshrined in the Constitution. Independent observers have accused the Cuban government of numerous human rights abuses, including arbitrary imprisonment.

Culturally, Cuba is considered part of Latin America. It is a multiethnic country whose people, culture and customs derive from diverse origins, including the aboriginal Taíno and Ciboney peoples, the long period of Spanish colonialism, the introduction of African slaves and a close relationship with the Soviet Union in the Cold War.

Cuba is a sovereign state and a founding member of the United Nations, the G77, the Non-Aligned Movement, the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States, ALBA and Organization of American States. The country is a regional power in Latin America and a middle power in world affairs. It has currently one of the world's only planned economies, and its economy is dominated by the exports of sugar, tobacco, coffee and skilled labor. According to the Human Development Index, Cuba has high human development and is ranked the eighth highest in North America, though 67th in the world. It also ranks highly in some metrics of national performance, including health care and education. It is the only country in the world to meet the conditions of sustainable development put forth by the WWF.

Historians believe the name Cuba comes from the Taíno language, however "its exact derivation [is] unknown". The exact meaning of the name is unclear but it may be translated either as 'where fertile land is abundant' (cubao), or 'great place' (coabana). Authors who believe that Christopher Columbus was Portuguese state that Cuba was named by Columbus for the town of Cuba in the district of Beja in Portugal.

 
Currency / Language 
ISO Currency Symbol Significant figures
CUC Cuban convertible peso $ 2
CUP Cuban peso $ 2
ISO Language
ES Spanish language
Neighbourhood - Country  

Map - Cuba (Republic of Cuba)

Latitude / Longitude : 22° 0' 0" N / 79° 30' 0" W | Time zone : UTC-5:0 / UTC-4 | Currency : CUP | Telephone : 53  

Map

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Photograph

Cuba-Government and politics-Comité Central PCC
Government and politics
Comité Central PCC
Cuba-Revolution and Communist party rule (1959–present)-Press conference, Havana
Revolution and Communist party rule (195...
Press conference, Havana
Cuba-Revolution and Communist party rule (1959–present)-FidelCastro645
Revolution and Communist party rule (195...
FidelCastro645
Cuba-Revolution and Communist party rule (1959–present)-Guantanamo Naval Base aerial photo 1962
Revolution and Communist party rule (195...
Guantanamo Naval Base aerial photo 1962
Cuba-Revolution and Communist party rule (1959–present)-Bundesarchiv Bild 183-L0614-040, Berlin, Fidel Castro an der Grenze
Revolution and Communist party rule (195...
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-L0614-040, Berlin, Fidel Castro an der Grenze
Cuba-Constitution of 1940-HavanaSlums1954
Constitution of 1940
HavanaSlums1954
Cuba-Revolution and Communist party rule (1959–present)-CheyFidel
Revolution and Communist party rule (195...
CheyFidel
Cuba-First years (1902–1925)-1933-Pentarchy w Batista
First years (1902–1925)
1933-Pentarchy w Batista
Cuba-First years (1902–1925)-Raising the Cuban flag on the Governor General's Palace at noon on May 20, 1902
First years (1902–1925)
Raising the Cuban flag on the Governor General's Palace at noon on May 20, 1902
Cuba-Independence movements-Carlos Manuel de Cespedes
Independence movements
Carlos Manuel de Cespedes
Cuba-Independence movements-Calixto García and William Ludlow in Cuba, 1898
Independence movements
Calixto García and William Ludlow in Cuba, 1898
Cuba-Human rights-Damas de Blanco demonstration in Havana, Cuba
Human rights
Damas de Blanco demonstration in Havana, Cuba
Cuba-Human rights-Radio Republica
Human rights
Radio Republica
Cuba-Foreign relations-Havana11
Foreign relations
Havana11
Cuba-Foreign relations-Парад в честь 70-летия Великой Победы - 42
Foreign relations
Парад в честь 70-летия Великой Победы - 42
Cuba-Crime and law enforcement-Cuba police car 01
Crime and law enforcement
Cuba police car 01
Cuba-Economy-Tree map export 2009 Cuba
Economy
Tree map export 2009 Cuba
Cuba-Economy-Libreta line Havana
Economy
Libreta line Havana
Cuba-Economy-SantiagoPeople 01
Economy
SantiagoPeople 01
Cuba-Economy-Havana - Cuba - 2756
Economy
Havana - Cuba - 2756
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