Map - Minas Gerais

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Minas Gerais

Minas Gerais is a state in Southeastern Brazil. It ranks as the second most populous, the third by gross domestic product (GDP), and the fourth largest by area in the country. The state's capital and largest city, Belo Horizonte, is a major urban and finance center in Latin America, and the sixth largest municipality in Brazil, after the cities of São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, Brasilia and Fortaleza, but its metropolitan area is the third largest in Brazil with just over 5,800,000 inhabitants, after those of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. Nine Brazilian presidents were born in Minas Gerais, the most of any state.

With an area of 586,528 km2—larger than Metropolitan France—it is the fourth most extensive state in Brazil. The main producer of coffee and milk in the country, Minas Gerais is known for its heritage of architecture and colonial art in historical cities such as São João del Rei, Congonhas, Ouro Preto, Diamantina, Tiradentes and Mariana. In the south, the tourist points are the hydro mineral spas, such as Caxambu, Lambari, São Lourenço, Poços de Caldas, São Thomé das Letras, Monte Verde and the national parks of Caparaó and Canastra. The landscape of the State is marked by mountains, valleys, and large areas of fertile lands. In the Serra do Cipó, Sete Lagoas, Cordisburgo and Lagoa Santa, the caves and waterfalls are the attractions. Some of Brazil's most famous caverns are located there. In recent years, the state has emerged as one of the largest economic forces of Brazil, exploring its great economic potential, which up until now has not yet been exploited.

Two interpretations are given for the origin of the name Minas Gerais. It comes from "Minas dos Matos Gerais", the former name of the colonial province ("Mines of the General Woods"). So a first and more common understanding affirms that the name simply means "General Mines", with the word Gerais serving as an adjective to the mines, which were themselves spread in several spots around a larger region. Another explanation is that this ignores the two large geographical spaces which conformed the state in its history: the region of the mines (Minas), and the region of the Gerais ("Matos Gerais" or "Campos Gerais", which means something close to "General Fields"). These corresponded to the areas of Sertão which were farther and hard to access (with an economy based on farming and agriculture) from the mining spots (whose economic space was urban from its origin ). The confusion comes from the fact that the term "Gerais" is taken as an adjective to "Minas" in the first version, although according to this point of view it refers to the region called Gerais (as a noun). A further complication is that this is not a well-defined area on the map of the state, but rather a designation to these parts outside the mining spots, more related to the geography of Sertão, and more isolated from the state's nucleus.

 

Map - Minas Gerais

Latitude / Longitude : 18° 0' 0" S / 44° 0' 0" W | Time zone : UTC-2:0 / UTC-3 | Currency : BRL | Telephone : 55  

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Photograph

Minas Gerais-People-Carlos Drummond de Andrade, 1970.tif
People
Carlos Drummond de Andrade, 1970.tif
Minas Gerais-Culture-Igrejasmariana2006
Culture
Igrejasmariana2006
Minas Gerais-Main educational institutions-Universidade Federal de Viçosa - Prédio principal, 2015
Main educational institutions
Universidade Federal de Viçosa - Prédio principal, 2015
Minas Gerais-Main educational institutions-Puc-minas
Main educational institutions
Puc-minas
Minas Gerais-Economy-Valadares
Economy
Valadares
Minas Gerais-Economy-Agricultural Fields near Perdizes, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Economy
Agricultural Fields near Perdizes, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Minas Gerais-Religion-Oscar Niemeyer's Church of St Francis in Belo Horizonte2
Religion
Oscar Niemeyer's Church of St Francis in Belo Horizonte2
Minas Gerais-Demographics-Índios em uma fazenda
Demographics
Índios em uma fazenda
Minas Gerais-Demographics-Centraludi
Demographics
Centraludi
Minas Gerais-Colonial era-Rugendas - Habitans de Minas
Colonial era
Rugendas - Habitans de Minas
Minas Gerais-Colonial era-Aleijadinho8
Colonial era
Aleijadinho8
Minas Gerais-Paleontology-Maxacalissauro
Paleontology
Maxacalissauro
Minas Gerais-Geography-Rugendas - Mattosinho pres Sao Joao Del Rey
Geography
Rugendas - Mattosinho pres Sao Joao Del Rey
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Museums
Inhotim yayoi kusama 05
Minas Gerais-Administrative center-Cidade Administrativa MG 1
Administrative center
Cidade Administrativa MG 1
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Highways
Rodovia Fernão Dias
Minas Gerais-Flag-Belo Horizonte Panorâmica
Flag
Belo Horizonte Panorâmica
Minas Gerais
Minas Gerais
Minas Gerais
Minas Gerais
Minas Gerais
Minas Gerais
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Country - Brazil

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Brazil (Brasil ), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil, ), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers (3.2 million square miles) and with over 208 million people, Brazil is the world's fifth-largest country by area and the fifth most populous. The capital is Brasília, and the most populated city is São Paulo. The federation is composed of the union of the 26 states, the Federal District, and the 5,570 municipalities. It is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas; it is also one of the most multicultural and ethnically diverse nations, due to over a century of mass immigration from around the world.

Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of 7491 km. It borders all other South American countries except Ecuador and Chile and covers 47.3% of the continent's land area. Its Amazon River basin includes a vast tropical forest, home to diverse wildlife, a variety of ecological systems, and extensive natural resources spanning numerous protected habitats. This unique environmental heritage makes Brazil one of 17 megadiverse countries, and is the subject of significant global interest and debate regarding deforestation and environmental protection.
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