Map - Mozambique (Republic of Mozambique)

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Mozambique (Republic of Mozambique)

Flag of Mozambique
Mozambique, officially the Republic of Mozambique (Moçambique or República de MoçambiqueMozambiki, Msumbiji, Muzambhiki), is a country located in Southeast Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and Eswatini (Swaziland) and South Africa to the southwest. The sovereign state is separated from the Comoros, Mayotte and Madagascar by the Mozambique Channel to the east. The capital of Mozambique is Maputo (formerly known as "Lourenço Marques" from 1876 to 1976) while Matola is the largest city, being a suburb of Maputo.

Between the first and fifth centuries AD, Bantu-speaking peoples migrated to present-day Mozambique from farther north and west. Northern Mozambique lies within the monsoon trade winds of the Indian Ocean. Between the 7th and 11th centuries, a series of Swahili port towns developed here, which contributed to the development of a distinct Swahili culture and language. In the late medieval period, these towns were frequented by traders from Somalia, Ethiopia, Egypt, Arabia, Persia, and India.

The voyage of Vasco da Gama in 1498 marked the arrival of the Portuguese, who began a gradual process of colonisation and settlement in 1505. After over four centuries of Portuguese rule, Mozambique gained independence in 1975, becoming the People's Republic of Mozambique shortly thereafter. After only two years of independence, the country descended into an intense and protracted civil war lasting from 1977 to 1992. In 1994, Mozambique held its first multiparty elections, and has since remained a relatively stable presidential republic, although it still faces a low-intensity insurgency.

Mozambique is endowed with rich and extensive natural resources. The country's economy is based largely on agriculture, but industry is growing, mainly food and beverages, chemical manufacturing and aluminium and petroleum production. The tourism sector is also expanding. South Africa is Mozambique's main trading partner and source of foreign direct investment, while Belgium, Brazil, Portugal and Spain are also among the country's most important economic partners. Since 2001, Mozambique's annual average GDP growth has been among the world's highest. However, the country is still one of the poorest and most underdeveloped countries in the world, ranking low in GDP per capita, human development, measures of inequality and average life expectancy.

The only official language of Mozambique is Portuguese, which is spoken mostly as a second language by about half the population. Common native languages include Makhuwa, Sena, and Swahili. The country's population of around million is composed overwhelmingly of Bantu people. The largest religion in Mozambique is Christianity, with significant minorities following Islam and African traditional religions. Mozambique is a member of the United Nations, the African Union, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Organisation of the Islamic Cooperation, the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, the Non-Aligned Movement and the Southern African Development Community, and is an observer at La Francophonie.

The country was named Moçambique by the Portuguese after the Island of Mozambique, derived from Mussa Bin Bique or Musa Al Big or Mossa Al Bique or Mussa Ben Mbiki or Mussa Ibn Malik, an Arab trader who first visited the island and later lived there. The island-town was the capital of the Portuguese colony until 1898, when it was moved south to Lourenço Marques (now Maputo).

 
Currency / Language 
ISO Currency Symbol Significant figures
MZN Mozambican metical MT 2
ISO Language
PT Portuguese language
Neighbourhood - Country  

Map - Mozambique (Republic of Mozambique)

Latitude / Longitude : 18° 15' 0" S / 35° 0' 0" E | Time zone : UTC+2 | Currency : MZN | Telephone : 258  

Map

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Photograph

Mozambique-Health-Luabo hospital (4754619071)
Health
Luabo hospital (4754619071)
Mozambique-Health-Bevölkerungspyramide Mosambik 2016
Health
Bevölkerungspyramide Mosambik 2016
Mozambique-Languages-Mz etnies
Languages
Mz etnies
Mozambique-Water supply and sanitation-Daily struggle for water (5400691444)
Water supply and sanitation
Daily struggle for water (5400691444)
Mozambique-Transport-Steam locomotive Inhambane
Transport
Steam locomotive Inhambane
Mozambique-Tourism-La plage aux dunes de Dovela - 2012-04-28 - 75154574
Tourism
La plage aux dunes de Dovela - 2012-04-28 - 75154574
Mozambique-Transport-LAM Boeing 737-200Adv C9-BAK JNB 2005-12-2
Transport
LAM Boeing 737-200Adv C9-BAK JNB 2005-12-2
Mozambique-Corruption-Mozambique - traditional sailboat
Corruption
Mozambique - traditional sailboat
Mozambique-Economy-Mozambique treemap
Economy
Mozambique treemap
Mozambique-Foreign relations-Embassy of Mozambique, Washington, D.C.
Foreign relations
Embassy of Mozambique, Washington, D.C.
Mozambique-Politics-Filipe Nyusi
Politics
Filipe Nyusi
Mozambique-Politics-Conselho Municipal de Maputo frente
Politics
Conselho Municipal de Maputo frente
Mozambique-Geography and climate-Mozambique sat
Geography and climate
Mozambique sat
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Climate
Koppen-Geiger Map MOZ present
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Democratic era (1993–present)
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Mozambican Civil War (1977–1992)
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Mozambican Civil War (1977–1992)
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Portuguese Mozambique (1498–1975)
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Portuguese Mozambique (1498–1975)
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