Map - Spain (Kingdom of Spain)

World >  Europe >  Spain

Spain (Kingdom of Spain)

Flag of Spain
Spain (España ), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory also includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are also part of Spanish territory. The country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.

With an area of 505990 km2, Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population, Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid; other major urban areas include Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Málaga and Bilbao.

Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula around 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along with ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman rule around 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician name Sp(a)n or Spania. At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and established relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly integrate all remaining independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was then documented as Hispania.

In the early eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to rule most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving only a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting up to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering period across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the creation of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to face the invasion. Following the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs.

In the early modern period, Spain became the world's first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were also many advancements in the arts, with world-famous painters such as Diego Velázquez. The most famous Spanish literary work, Don Quixote, was also published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world's third-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, with King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a high income country, with the world's fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing power parity. It is a member of the United Nations (UN), the European Union (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the Organization of Ibero-American States (OEI), the Union for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade Organization (WTO) and many other international organisations. While not an official member, Spain has a "Permanent Invitation" to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto member of the group.

The origins of the Roman name Hispania, from which the modern name España was derived, are uncertain due to inadequate evidence, although it is documented that the Phoenicians and Carthaginians referred to the region as Spania, therefore the most widely accepted etymology is a Semitic-Phoenician one. Down the centuries there have been a number of accounts and hypotheses:

The Renaissance scholar Antonio de Nebrija proposed that the word Hispania evolved from the Iberian word Hispalis, meaning "city of the western world".

Jesús Luis Cunchillos argues that the root of the term span is the Phoenician word spy, meaning "to forge metals". Therefore, i-spn-ya would mean "the land where metals are forged". It may be a derivation of the Phoenician I-Shpania, meaning "island of rabbits", "land of rabbits" or "edge", a reference to Spain's location at the end of the Mediterranean; Roman coins struck in the region from the reign of Hadrian show a female figure with a rabbit at her feet, and Strabo called it the "land of the rabbits". The word in question (compare modern Hebrew Shafan) actually means "Hyrax", possibly due to Phoenicians confusing the two animals.

Hispania may derive from the poetic use of the term Hesperia, reflecting the Greek perception of Italy as a "western land" or "land of the setting sun" (Hesperia, Ἑσπερία in Greek) and Spain, being still further west, as Hesperia ultima. 
Currency / Language 
ISO Currency Symbol Significant figures
EUR Euro 2
ISO Language
EU Basque language
CA Catalan language
GL Galician language
OC Occitan language
ES Spanish language
Neighbourhood - Country  

Map - Spain (Kingdom of Spain)

Latitude / Longitude : 40° 0' 0" N / 4° 0' 0" W | Time zone : UTC+0 | Currency : EUR | Telephone : 34  

Map

Google-Map-Spain
Google
Google Earth-Map-Spain
Google Earth
Bing-Map-Spain
Bing
Nokia-Map-Spain
Nokia
OpenStreetMap-Map-Spain
OpenStreetMap
Map-Spain1371px-Flag-map_of_Spain_%28subdivisions%29.svg.png
1371px-Flag-map_of_S...
1371x967
freemapviewer.org
Map-SpainRelief_Map_of_Spain.png
Relief_Map_of_Spain....
1197x1027
freemapviewer.org
Map-Spain1184px-Spain_location_map.svg.png
1184px-Spain_locatio...
1184x1016
freemapviewer.org
Map-SpainSatellite_image_of_Spain_in_January_2003.jpg
Satellite_image_of_S...
4175x3508
freemapviewer.org
Map-Spainspain_rel82.jpg
spain_rel82.jpg
1380x1108
freemapviewer.org
Map-Spain-large_detailed_map_of_spain.jpg
large_detailed_map_o...
4959x3506
www.vidiani.com
Map-Spain-Spain-map.jpg
Spain-map.jpg
3000x2327
tourvideos.com
Map-Spain-Spain-map.jpg
Spain-map.jpg
3000x2327
www.tourvideos.com
Map-Spain-detailed_physical_map_of_spain.jpg
detailed_physical_ma...
3136x2172
www.vidiani.com
Map-Spain-Spain_map_modern.png
Spain_map_modern.png
2500x2500
upload.wikimedia.org
Map-Spain-Spain_map_blank.png
Spain_map_blank.png
2500x2500
upload.wikimedia.org
Map-Spain-11636-Espana-Portugal-y-las-Islas-Canarias-1966.jpg
11636-Espana-Portuga...
2328x2381
mapas.owje.com
Map-Spain-Espana-Portugal-y-las-Islas-Canarias-1966-4184.jpg
Espana-Portugal-y-la...
2328x2381
mapas.owje.com
Map-Spain-big-size-detailed-map-of-spain-provinces.jpe
big-size-detailed-ma...
2200x1564
www.mytripolog.com
Map-Spain-karte-1-46-en.gif
karte-1-46-en.gif
2000x1676
www.welt-atlas.de
Map-Spain-map-spain-regions.png
map-spain-regions.pn...
2000x1474
www.worldofmaps.net
Map-Spain-spain-map-card.jpg
spain-map-card.jpg
2002x1413
rememberingletters.f...
Map-Spain-spain-map-guide.jpg
spain-map-guide.jpg
2002x1413
geonice.com
Map-Spain-Map-st-domingo-silos-spain.png
Map-st-domingo-silos...
1842x1495
upload.wikimedia.org
Map-Spain-Spainsh-road-map.gif
Spainsh-road-map.gif
1800x1278
www.ezilon.com
Map-Spain-political-map-of-Spain.gif
political-map-of-Spa...
1800x1277
www.ezilon.com
Map-Spain-large_detailed_physical_map_of_spain_with_all_roads_cities_and_airports_for_free.jpg
large_detailed_physi...
1800x1276
www.vidiani.com
Map-Spain-Spain-physical-map.gif
Spain-physical-map.g...
1800x1276
www.ezilon.com
Map-Spain-detailed-big-size-spain-map-showing-cities.jpg
detailed-big-size-sp...
1500x1317
www.mytripolog.com
Map-Spain-Spain-flag-map-plus-ultra.png
Spain-flag-map-plus-...
1615x1195
upload.wikimedia.org
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 

Island

Facebook

 mapnall@gmail.com