Map - Tunisia (Tunisian Republic)

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Tunisia (Tunisian Republic)

Flag of Tunisia
Tunisia (officially the Republic of Tunisia) is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa, covering 163,610 km2. Its northernmost point, Cape Angela, is the northernmost point on the African continent. It is bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. Tunisia's population was 11.435 million in 2017. Tunisia's name is derived from its capital city, Tunis, which is located on its northeast coast.

Geographically, Tunisia contains the eastern end of the Atlas Mountains, and the northern reaches of the Sahara desert. Much of the rest of the country's land is fertile soil. Its 1,300 km of coastline include the African conjunction of the western and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Basin and, by means of the Sicilian Strait and Sardinian Channel, feature the African mainland's second and third nearest points to Europe after Gibraltar.

Tunisia is a unitary semi-presidential representative democratic republic. It is considered to be the only fully democratic sovereign state in the Arab world. It has a high human development index. It has an association agreement with the European Union; is a member of La Francophonie, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, the Arab Maghreb Union, the Arab League, the OIC, the Greater Arab Free Trade Area, the Community of Sahel-Saharan States, the African Union, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Group of 77; and has obtained the status of major non-NATO ally of the United States. In addition, Tunisia is also a member state of the United Nations and a state party to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. Close relations with Europe – in particular with France and with Italy – have been forged through economic cooperation, privatisation and industrial modernization.

In ancient times, Tunisia was primarily inhabited by Berbers. Phoenician immigration began in the 12th century BC; these immigrants founded Carthage. A major mercantile power and a military rival of the Roman Republic, Carthage was defeated by the Romans in 146 BC. The Romans, who would occupy Tunisia for most of the next eight hundred years, introduced Christianity and left architectural legacies like the El Djem amphitheater. After several attempts starting in 647, the Muslims conquered the whole of Tunisia by 697, followed by the Ottoman Empire between 1534 and 1574. The Ottomans held sway for over three hundred years. The French colonization of Tunisia occurred in 1881. Tunisia gained independence with Habib Bourguiba and declared the Tunisian Republic in 1957. In 2011, the Tunisian Revolution resulted in the overthrow of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, followed by parliamentary elections. The country voted for parliament again on 26 October 2014, and for President on 23 November 2014.

The word Tunisia is derived from Tunis; a central urban hub and the capital of modern-day Tunisia. The present form of the name, with its Latinate suffix -ia, evolved from French Tunisie., in turn generally associated with the Berber root ⵜⵏⵙ, transcribed tns, which means "to lay down" or "encampment". It is sometimes also associated with the Punic goddess Tanith (aka Tunit), ancient city of Tynes.

The French derivative Tunisie was adopted in some European languages with slight modifications, introducing a distinctive name to designate the country. Other languages remained untouched, such as the Russian Туни́с and Spanish Túnez. In this case, the same name is used for both country and city, as with the Arabic تونس, and only by context can one tell the difference.

Before Tunisia, the territory's name was Ifriqiya or Africa, which gave the present-day name of the continent Africa.

 
Currency / Language 
ISO Currency Symbol Significant figures
TND Tunisian dinar دت 3
ISO Language
AR Arabic language
FR French language
Neighbourhood - Country  

Map - Tunisia (Tunisian Republic)

Latitude / Longitude : 34° 0' 0" N / 9° 0' 0" E | Time zone : UTC+1 | Currency : TND | Telephone : 216  

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Photograph

Tunisia-Literature-Abdelwahab Meddeb - Comédie du Livre 2011 - Montpellier - P1150907
Literature
Abdelwahab Meddeb - Comédie du Livre 2011 - Montpellier - P1150907
Tunisia-Painting-Ariana par Catania
Painting
Ariana par Catania
Tunisia-Culture-Cité de la culture, Tunis 27 décembre 2014
Culture
Cité de la culture, Tunis 27 décembre 2014
Tunisia-Education-UIS Literacy Rate Tunisia population plus15 1985 2015
Education
UIS Literacy Rate Tunisia population plus15 1985 2015
Tunisia-Education-Collège Sadiki-Kassus
Education
Collège Sadiki-Kassus
Tunisia-Demographics-World Book Day in Tunisia 2012
Demographics
World Book Day in Tunisia 2012
Tunisia-Religion-Mosquée Zitouna Kassus-2
Religion
Mosquée Zitouna Kassus-2
Tunisia-Demographics-Arabs leaving mosque, Tunis, Tunisia-LCCN2001699400
Demographics
Arabs leaving mosque, Tunis, Tunisia-LCCN2001699400
Tunisia-Demographics-Bevölkerungspyramide Tunesien 2016
Demographics
Bevölkerungspyramide Tunesien 2016
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Tourism
Dougga Thugga-130243
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Tourism
Sidi Bou Said 09
Tunisia-Military-Defense.gov News Photo 060403-F-4883S-096
Military
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Tunisia-Geography-Tunisia map of Köppen climate classification
Geography
Tunisia map of Köppen climate classification
Tunisia-French Tunisia (1881–1956)-A Churchill tank and other vehicles parade through Tunis, 8 May 1943. NA2880
French Tunisia (1881–1956)
A Churchill tank and other vehicles parade through Tunis, 8 May 1943. NA2880
Tunisia-Post-revolution (since 2011)-Tunisia Unrest - VOA - Tunis 14 Jan 2011 (2)
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Tunisia Unrest - VOA - Tunis 14 Jan 2011 (2)
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Ottoman Tunisia
Tunis Bab Souika 1899
Tunisia-Ottoman Tunisia-Siège de Tunis 1535
Ottoman Tunisia
Siège de Tunis 1535
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Middle Ages
Great Mosque of Kairouan, flat roof and domes
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