Currency - Algerian dinar

Currency  >  Algerian dinar

Algerian dinar

دج
The dinar (دينار, Berber language: Dinar or Menkuc, French Dinar; sign: DA; ISO 4217 code: DZD) is the monetary currency of Algeria and it is subdivided into 100 centimes. Centimes are now obsolete due to their extremely low value.

The name "dinar" is ultimately derived from the Roman denarius. The santeem come from French "centime", since Algeria was under French occupation from 1830 to 1962

The dinar was introduced on 1 April 1964, replacing the Algerian new franc at par.

The masses never use the dinar as such, but the frank (officially the centime or 1/100 Dinar) and the doro (5/100). In traditional selling places such as the vegetable market or in the case of street vendors, prices are displayed in frank, in more modern shops the prices are displayed in dinars but the frank is used orally.

From 1 to 4 centimes, the frank is used, examples : frank (1 centime), 2 frank (2 centimes).

From 5 centimes up to 5 Dinars, the doro is used examples: 5 centimes : 1 doros, 10 centimes : 2 doros, 50 centimes: 10 doros, 1 Dinar : 20 doros (alternatively 100 frank), 1.5 Dinar : 30 doros, 2 Dinars: 40 doros (alternatively 200 frank). The usage of the doro tends to disappear since coins below 5 dinars are rarely available nowadays.

From 10 dinars upward we switch back to the frank, examples: 10 dinars: 1000 franks, 20 dinars : 2000 franks.

From 50 dinars upward, the word frank is omitted. Examples: 50 dinars: 5,000; 200 dinars: 20,000; 1,000 dinars: 100,000; 10,000 dinars: 1 million; 500,000 dinars: 50 million; 10,000,000 dinars: 1 billion.

In 1964, coins in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 santeem, and 1 dinar were introduced, with the 1, 2 and 5 santeem struck in aluminium, the 10, 20 and 50 santeem in aluminium bronze and the 1 dinar in cupro-nickel. The obverses showed the emblem of Algeria, while the reverses carried the values in Eastern Arabic numerals. In later decades, coins were issued sporadically with various commemorative subjects. However, the 1 and 2 santeem were not struck again, whilst the 5, 10 and 20 santeem were last struck in the 1980s.

In 1992, a new series of coins was introduced consisting of 1⁄4, 1⁄2, 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 dinars. A 200 dinar bi-metallic coin was issued in 2012 to commemorate Algeria's 50th anniversary of independence. The 10, 20, 50, 100, and 200 dinar coins are bimetallic.

Country

Algeria

Algeria ( or ; Literary Arabic: '; Algerian Arabic,Tamazight: Dzayer, ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻⵔ; ), officially People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa on the Mediterranean coast. Its capital and most populous city is Algiers. With a total area of , 90% of which is desert, Algeria is the tenth-largest country in the world, and the largest in Africa and in the Mediterranean. The country is bordered in the northeast by Tunisia, in the east by Libya, in the west by Morocco, in the southwest by Western Sahara, Mauritania, and Mali, in the southeast by Niger, and in the north by the Mediterranean Sea.

The territory of today's Algeria was the home of many prehistoric cultures, including Aterian and Capsian and the "Proto-Imaziɣen" cultures. Its area has known many empires and dynasties, including ancient Amaziɣ Numidians, Phoenecians, Lybio-Punic Carthaginians, Romans, Vandals, Byzantines, Arab Umayyads, Arab Abbasids, Multi-Ethnic Fatimids, Amaziɣ Hammadids, Amaziɣ Almoravids, Amaziɣ Almohads, Turkish Ottomans and the French colonial empire. In recent decades Algeria and other nations of the "Desert Belt" have experienced an identity crisis; in response Algeria and Morocco have nationalized Tamaziɣt, the language of their 13,000 year old people. Algeria is a semi-presidential republic consisting of 48 provinces and 1541 communes. With a population of 37.9 million, it is the 35th most populated country on Earth. Abdelaziz Bouteflika has been the President of Algeria since 1999 and has won four consecutive elections. However, according to the Democracy Index, Algeria is an authoritarian regime.

Language

Algerian dinar (English)  Dinaro algerino (Italiano)  Algerijnse dinar (Nederlands)  Dinar algérien (Français)  Algerischer Dinar (Deutsch)  Dinar argelino (Português)  Алжирский динар (Русский)  Dinar argelino (Español)  Dinar algierski (Polski)  阿爾及利亞第納爾 (中文)  Algerisk dinar (Svenska)  Dinar algerian (Română)  アルジェリア・ディナール (日本語)  Алжирський динар (Українська)  Алжирски динар (Български)  알제리 디나르 (한국어)  Algerian dinaari (Suomi)  Dinar Aljazair (Bahasa Indonesia)  Alžyro dinaras (Lietuvių)  Alžírský dinár (Česky)  Cezayir dinarı (Türkçe)  Алжирски динар (Српски / Srpski)  Algériai dinár (Magyar)  Alžirski dinar (Hrvatski)  Δηνάριο Αλγερίας (Ελληνικά)  Dinar Algérie (Tiếng Việt) 
 mapnall@gmail.com