Language - Haitian Creole language

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Haitian Creole language

Haitian Creole (kreyòl ayisyen, ; créole haïtien) is a French-based creole language spoken by 10–12million people worldwide, and the only language of most Haitians. It is a creole language based largely on 18th-century French with influences from Portuguese, Spanish, English, Taíno, and West African languages. Haitian Creole emerged from contact between French settlers and African slaves during the Atlantic slave trade in the French colony of Saint-Domingue (now Haiti). Haitians are the largest creole-speaking community in the world.

The usage of and education in Haitian Creole—which is not mutually intelligible with French—has been contentious since at least the 19thcentury: where some Haitians saw French as a legacy of colonialism, Creole was maligned by francophone elites as a miseducated or poor person’s French. Until the late 20thcentury, Haitian presidents spoke only French to their fellow citizens, and until the 2000s, all instruction at Haitian elementary schools was in French, a second language to most of the students.

The word creole comes from a Portuguese term that means "a person (especially a servant) raised in one's house", from Latin creare "to make, bring forth, produce, beget". It first referred to Europeans born and raised in overseas colonies, but later was used to refer also to the language.

Country

Haiti

Haiti (disambiguation)

Haiti (Haïti ; Ayiti ), officially the Republic of Haiti (République d'Haïti; Repiblik Ayiti) and formerly called Hayti, is a country located on the island of Hispaniola, east of Cuba in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea. It occupies the western three-eighths of the island, which it shares with the Dominican Republic. Haiti is 27750 km2 in size and has an estimated million people, making it the most populous country in the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and the second-most populous country in the Caribbean as a whole.

Language

Haitian Creole language (English)  Lingua creola haitiana (Italiano)  Haïtiaans Creools (Nederlands)  Créole haïtien (Français)  Haitianische Sprache (Deutsch)  Língua crioula haitiana (Português)  Гаитянский креольский язык (Русский)  Criollo haitiano (Español)  Język kreolski haitański (Polski)  海地克里奧爾語 (中文)  Haitisk kreol (Svenska)  Limba creolă haitiană (Română)  ハイチ語 (日本語)  Гаїтянська креольська мова (Українська)  Хаитянски креолски език (Български)  아이티어 (한국어)  Haitin kieli (Suomi)  Bahasa Kreol Haiti (Bahasa Indonesia)  Haičio kreolų kalba (Lietuvių)  Haitisk (Dansk)  Haitská kreolština (Česky)  Haiti Kreyolu (Türkçe)  Haiti kreol nyelv (Magyar)  Haićanski kreolski jezik (Hrvatski)  ภาษาครีโอลเฮติ (ไทย)  Haitiešu valoda (Latviešu)  Αϊτινή κρεολή γλώσσα (Ελληνικά)  Creole Haiti (Tiếng Việt) 
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