National flag - Flag of Turkmenistan

National flag  >  Flag of Turkmenistan

Flag of Turkmenistan

The national flag of Turkmenistan (Türkmenistanyň baýdagy, Түркменистаның байдагы) features a white crescent (symbol of Islam) and five stars representing the five regions of the country. Placed upon a green field is a symbolic representation of the country's famous carpet industry. It was introduced as the flag of Turkmenistan on September 27, 1992 to replace the Soviet-era flag which consisted of a red background with two light blue bars in the middle. The modified version with a 2:3 ratio was adopted on January 24, 2001.

It features a green field with a vertical red stripe near the hoist side, containing five carpet guls (designs used in producing rugs) stacked above two crossed olive branches similar to those on the flag of the United Nations; a white waxing crescent moon, typical of Turkic and Islamic symbology, and five white five-pointed stars appear in the upper corner of the field just to the fly side of the red stripe.

The green and red colors appear in this flag because they have been venerated historically by the Turkmen. The waxing crescent moon symbolizes the hope of the country for a shining future and the stars represent the five provinces (welayatlar) of Turkmenistan – Ahal, Balkan, Dashoguz, Lebap, and Mary.

The five traditional carpet designs along the hoist represent the five major tribes or houses, and form motifs in the country's state emblem and flag. These Turkmen tribes in traditional order (as well as top to bottom) are Teke (Tekke), Yomut (Yomud), Saryk (Saryq), Chowdur (Choudur), and Arsary (Ersary). The middle design may also represent the Salyr (Salor), a tribe that declined as a result of military defeat before the modern period.

The wreath was added against the rules of heraldry, breaking up the carpet pattern. It was added as an afterthought to represent the "status of permanent neutrality", which was accepted by the United Nations General Assembly on December 12, 1995.

The flag of the Russian Empire was the official flag of Turkmenistan until the Russian Revolution.

Before the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Turkmenistan had a flag similar to all other Soviet Republics; see Flag of the Turkmen SSR.

After independence in 1991, Turkmenistan adopted a flag very similar to the current design, on February 19, 1992. However, the designs on the left were different. In 1997, an olive branch was added to symbolise the peace-loving nature of the Turkmen people. The positioning of the crescent and stars was also changed, with the crescent positioned roughly to its current position but with the stars in a much more uneven position. In 2001 the flag changed from 1:2 to 2:3 and the green field was made lighter.

The People's Democratic Movement of Turkmenistan "Agzybirlik" has proposed design for an alternate flag of Turkmenistan. The design of the flag was a tricolour, consisting of red, green, and black, charged with a yellow circle.

As on the flag, red symbolizes the communist history of Turkmenistan, on which the Turkmen state was founded. Green symbolizes Muslim religion in Turkmenistan, which is a state religion, and black symbolizes the perpetual continuity of the Turkmen statehood.
National flag 
Flag of Turkmenistan

Country - Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan ( or ; Türkmenistan, ), formerly known as Turkmenia, officially the Republic of Turkmenistan, is a country in Central Asia, bordered by Kazakhstan to the northwest, Uzbekistan to the north and east, Afghanistan to the southeast, Iran to the south and southwest, and the Caspian Sea to the west. Ashgabat is the capital and largest city. The population of the country is 5.6 million, the lowest of the Central Asian republics and one of the most sparsely populated in Asia.

Turkmenistan has been at the crossroads of civilizations for centuries. In medieval times, Merv was one of the great cities of the Islamic world and an important stop on the Silk Road, a caravan route used for trade with China until the mid-15th century. Annexed by the Russian Empire in 1881, Turkmenistan later figured prominently in the anti-Bolshevik movement in Central Asia. In 1925, Turkmenistan became a constituent republic of the Soviet Union, Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic (Turkmen SSR); it became independent upon the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.
Neighbourhood - Country  

  •  Afghanistan 
  •  Iran 
  •  Kazakhstan 
  •  Uzbekistan 


Flag of Turkmenistan (English)  Bandiera del Turkmenistan (Italiano)  Vlag van Turkmenistan (Nederlands)  Drapeau du Turkménistan (Français)  Flagge Turkmenistans (Deutsch)  Bandeira do Turquemenistão (Português)  Флаг Туркмении (Русский)  Bandera de Turkmenistán (Español)  Flaga Turkmenistanu (Polski)  土库曼斯坦国旗 (中文)  Turkmenistans flagga (Svenska)  Drapelul Turkmenistanului (Română)  トルクメニスタンの国旗 (日本語)  Прапор Туркменістану (Українська)  Национално знаме на Туркменистан (Български)  투르크메니스탄의 국기 (한국어)  Turkmenistanin lippu (Suomi)  Bendera Turkmenistan (Bahasa Indonesia)  Turkmėnijos vėliava (Lietuvių)  Turkmenistans flag (Dansk)  Vlajka Turkmenistánu (Česky)  Türkmenistan bayrağı (Türkçe)  Застава Туркменистана (Српски / Srpski)  Türkmenistani lipp (Eesti)  Vlajka Turkménska (Slovenčina)  Türkmenisztán zászlaja (Magyar)  Zastava Turkmenistana (Hrvatski)  ธงชาติเติร์กเมนิสถาน (ไทย)  Σημαία του Τουρκμενιστάν (Ελληνικά)  Quốc kỳ Turkmenistan (Tiếng Việt)