News - 2019–20 Hong Kong protests

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2019–20 Hong Kong protests

alleged police brutality and misconduct]], the release of arrested protesters, retraction of the official characterisation of the protests as "riots", and Chief Executive Carrie Lam's resignation along with the introduction of universal suffrage for election of the Legislative Council and for the Chief Executive.

Despite a demonstration attended by hundreds of thousands on 9 June, the government persisted with the bill. Protesters gathered outside the Legislative Council Complex to stall the bill's second reading on 12 June, resulting in an intense standoff between the protesters and the police, who deployed tear gas and rubber bullets. An even bigger march took place on 16 June, just one day after the suspension of the bill, as protesters insisted on the complete withdrawal of the bill and reacted to the perceived excessive use of force by the police on 12 June. The anniversary of the handover on 1 July saw the storming of the Legislative Council Complex, and subsequent protests throughout the summer spread to different districts. The police's inaction when suspected triad members assaulted protesters and commuters in Yuen Long on 21 July, the police storming of Prince Edward station on 31 August, and the large-scale demonstrations during the 70th anniversary of the People's Republic of China on 1 October, caused further escalation of the protests.

Lam refused to withdraw the bill until 4 September, but still refused to concede on the other four demands. Claiming to curb further protests, Lam invoked the Emergency Regulations Ordinance on 4 October to implement an anti-mask law, to counterproductive effect. As the protests dragged on, confrontations escalated as both sides became increasingly violent. The number of police brutality and misconduct allegations continued to increase. In response, some protesters escalated their use of radical methods such as throwing petrol bombs, conducting vigilante attacks against perceived provocateurs, and vandalising supposed pro-Beijing entities. Rifts within society widened as activists from both sides have assaulted each other, with lawmakers from both sides and protest organisers being attacked or intimidated. Two student deaths as well as the shooting of an unarmed protester in November further intensified the protests. Protesters' occupation of two university campuses to block key thoroughfares, ended by sieges and resulted in a large number of injuries and arrests.

The government and the police have received the lowest approval ratings since the 1997 handover in public opinion polls. Their performance contributed to the unprecedented landslide victory of the pro-democratic bloc in the 2019 District Council election, which was widely viewed as a de facto referendum on the protest movement. The Central People's Government has characterised the protests as the "worst crisis in Hong Kong" since the handover in 1997 and alleged that foreign powers were instigating the conflict, though the protests, which continued through to 2020, have been largely described as "leaderless". The United States passed the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act on 27 November to support the protest movement; solidarity rallies were held in dozens of cities abroad. Counter-protesters have held several pro-police rallies.

There have been two deaths associated with the protests: Chow Tsz-lok, a student who died after a fall inside a car park in Tseung Kwan O, and Luo Changqing, an elderly man who died as a result of being reportedly struck on the head by a brick thrown by a protester during a confrontation between two opposing groups. In addition, protesters have linked the protests to at least nine suicides.



Hong Kong (, Hong Kong Cantonese: ), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and commonly abbreviated as HK, is a special administrative region on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in southern China. With over 7.4 million people of various nationalities in a 1104 km2 territory, Hong Kong is the world's fourth most densely populated region.

Hong Kong became a colony of the British Empire after Qing Empire ceded Hong Kong Island at the end of the First Opium War in 1842. The colony expanded to the Kowloon Peninsula in 1860 after the Second Opium War, and was further extended when Britain obtained a 99-year lease of the New Territories in 1898. The entire territory was transferred to China in 1997. As a special administrative region, Hong Kong's system of government is separate from that of mainland China and its people overwhelmingly identify as Hongkongers rather than Chinese.


2019–20 Hong Kong protests (English)  Proteste a Hong Kong del 2019-2020 (Italiano)  Protesten in Hongkong in 2019 (Nederlands)  Manifestations de 2019-2020 à Hong Kong (Français)  Proteste in Hongkong 2019/2020 (Deutsch)  Protestos em Hong Kong em 2019–2020 (Português)  Протесты в Гонконге против законопроекта об экстрадиции (Русский)  Protestas en Hong Kong de 2019-2020 (Español)  Protesty w Hongkongu (Polski)  反對逃犯條例修訂草案運動 (中文)  Demonstrationerna i Hongkong 2019 (Svenska)  Protestele din Hong Kong din 2019 (Română)  2019年-2020年香港民主化デモ (日本語)  Протести в Гонконзі (Українська)  2019–2020년 홍콩 시위 (한국어)  Hongkongin vuoden 2019 protestit (Suomi)  Unjuk rasa Hong Kong 2019-2020 (Bahasa Indonesia)  Demonstrationerne i Hongkong 2019-2020 (Dansk)  Demonstrace v Hongkongu (Česky)  2019 Hong Kong iade yasa tasarısı protestoları (Türkçe)  Протести у Хонгконгу 2019/20. (Српски / Srpski)  2019. aasta Hongkongi meeleavaldused (Eesti)  2019-es hongkongi tüntetések (Magyar)  การประท้วงในฮ่องกง พ.ศ. 2562–2563 (ไทย)  Διαδηλώσεις στο Χονγκ Κονγκ (Ελληνικά)  Biểu tình tại Hồng Kông 2019–2020 (Tiếng Việt)