Peta - Svalbard dan Jan Mayen (Svalbard and Jan Mayen)

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Svalbard dan Jan Mayen (Svalbard and Jan Mayen)

Untuk detail masing-masing wilayah, lihat Svalbard dan Jan Mayen.''

Svalbard dan Jan Mayen merupakan wilayah yang didefinisikan oleh ISO 3166-1 dengan kode "SJ". Kedua wilayah ini terletak di Norwegia di Samudera Arktik di bawah yuridiksi yang berbeda: Svalbard dan Jan Mayen. Meskipun keduanya digabungkan untuk kepentingan standar internasional, namun keduanya sama sekali tidak berhubungan dalam hal administratif.

Menurut ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 entitas ini diberi kode "SJ", dan dialokasikan ccTLD dengan kode .sj. Namun penduduk Svalbard dan Jan Mayen menggunakan .no, ccTLD Norwegia, sedangkan .sj tidak mereka gunakan.

While the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard is under the full sovereignty of Norway, it has a special status recognized by the Svalbard Treaty, resulting in certain obligations and some differences in administration and international agreements by the Norwegian government. For instance, Svalbard is not covered by the Schengen Agreement, which applies to the rest of Norway (including Jan Mayen). Immigrants may also work and live in Svalbard without a visa. Svalbard is administered by a governor reporting to the Norwegian Minister of Justice.

The remote island of Jan Mayen is an integrated territory of Norway, and it has none of the special considerations applicable to Svalbard. From 1930 to 1994 it was administered by the governor of Svalbard, and since 1995 it has been administered from the mainland by the county governor of Nordland. Therefore, Jan Mayen does not have any immediate geographic (with the two territories about 1,000 km apart) or otherwise administrative connection to Svalbard.

There are indications that, given the creation of a separate ISO coding for Svalbard, it was the preference of the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs to include Jan Mayen.

The ISO designation is congruent with an equivalent United Nations Statistics Division category and users of these classification systems may in some cases report separately for "Svalbard and Jan Mayen" instead of rolling up this information into the "Norway" category. -->



 

Peta - Svalbard dan Jan Mayen (Svalbard and Jan Mayen)

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