Map - Tanzania (United Republic of Tanzania)

Tanzania (United Republic of Tanzania)
Flag of Tanzania
Tanzania, officially the United Republic of Tanzania (Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), is a country in East Africa within the African Great Lakes region. It borders Uganda to the north; Kenya to the northeast; the Indian Ocean to the east; Mozambique and Malawi to the south; Zambia to the southwest; and Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa's highest mountain, is in northeastern Tanzania. According to the 2022 national census, Tanzania has a population of nearly 62 million, making it the fifth largest in Africa.

Many important hominid fossils have been found in Tanzania, such as 6-million-year-old Pliocene hominid fossils. The genus Australopithecus ranged across Africa between 4 and 2 million years ago, and the oldest remains of the genus Homo are found near Lake Olduvai. Following the rise of Homo erectus 1.8 million years ago, humanity spread all over the Old World, and later in the New World and Australia under the species Homo sapiens. H. sapiens also overtook Africa and absorbed the older species of humanity. Later in the Stone and Bronze Age, prehistoric migrations into Tanzania included Southern Cushitic speakers who moved south from present-day Ethiopia; Eastern Cushitic people who moved into Tanzania from north of Lake Turkana about 2,000 and 4,000 years ago; and the Southern Nilotes, including the Datoog, who originated from the present-day South Sudan–Ethiopia border region between 2,900 and 2,400 years ago. These movements took place at about the same time as the settlement of the Mashariki Bantu from West Africa in the Lake Victoria and Lake Tanganyika areas. They subsequently migrated across the rest of Tanzania between 2,300 and 1,700 years ago.

In the late 19th century the mainland came under German rule as German East Africa, and this was followed by British rule after World War I when it was governed as Tanganyika, with the Zanzibar Archipelago remaining a separate colonial jurisdiction. Following their respective independence in 1964 and 1966, the two entities merged in 1964 to form the United Republic of Tanzania. Tanganyika joined the British Commonwealth and Tanzania remains a member of the Commonwealth as a unified republic. Today the country is a presidential constitutional republic with the federal capital located in Dodoma; the former capital, Dar es Salaam, retains most government offices and is the country's largest city, principal port, and leading commercial centre. Tanzania is a de facto one-party state with the democratic socialist Chama Cha Mapinduzi party in power. The country has not experienced major internal strife since independence and is seen as one of the safest and most politically stable on the continent.

Tanzania's population is composed of about 120 ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups. Christianity is the largest religion in Tanzania, but there are also substantial Muslim and animist minorities. Over 100 different languages are spoken in Tanzania, making it the most linguistically diverse country in East Africa; the country does not have a de jure official language, although the national language is Swahili which is used in parliamentary debate, in the lower courts, and as a medium of instruction in primary school, spoken by up to 90% as a second language. English is used in foreign trade, in diplomacy, in higher courts, and as a medium of instruction in secondary and higher education, while Arabic is spoken in Zanzibar.

Tanzania is mountainous and densely forested in the north-east, where Mount Kilimanjaro is located. Three of Africa's Great Lakes are partly within Tanzania. To the north and west lie Lake Victoria, Africa's largest lake, and Lake Tanganyika, the continent's deepest lake, known for its unique species of fish. To the south lies Lake Malawi. The eastern shore is hot and humid, with the Zanzibar Archipelago just offshore. The Menai Bay Conservation Area is Zanzibar's largest marine protected area. The Kalambo Falls, located on the Kalambo River at the Zambian border, is the second-highest uninterrupted waterfall in Africa. Tanzania is one of the most visited tourist destinations for safaris.

The name "Tanzania" was created as a clipped compound of the names of the two states that unified to create the country: Tanganyika and Zanzibar. It consists of the first three letters of the names of the two states ("Tan" and "Zan") and the suffix, "ia" to form Tanzania.

The name "Tanganyika" is derived from the Swahili words tanga ("sail") and nyika ("uninhabited plain", "wilderness"), creating the phrase "sail in the wilderness". It is sometimes understood as a reference to Lake Tanganyika.

The name of Zanzibar comes from "zenji", the name for a local people (said to mean "black"), and the Arabic word "barr", which means coast or shore.

 
Currency / Language 
ISO Currency Symbol Significant figures
TZS Tanzanian shilling Sh 2
Neighbourhood - Country  
Map - Tanzania (United Republic of Tanzania)
Map
Google Earth - Map - Tanzania
Google Earth
Openstreetmap - Map - Tanzania
Openstreetmap
Map - Tanzania4842px-Tanzania_map_Mercator.svg.jpg
4842px-Tanzania_map_...
2048x2119
freemapviewer.org
Map - Tanzania3096px-Tanzania_relief_location_map.svg.jpg
3096px-Tanzania_reli...
2152x2048
freemapviewer.org
Map - Tanzaniaimage.jpg
image.jpg
1398x1672
freemapviewer.org
Map - TanzaniaTanzania_regions_map.jpg
Tanzania_regions_map...
1749x1747
freemapviewer.org
Map - Tanzaniaimage.jpg
image.jpg
1398x1672
freemapviewer.org
Tanzania_map-fr.jpg
3096x3113
upload.wikimedia.org
Un-tanzania.png
2317x2652
upload.wikimedia.org
large_detailed_admin...
2840x1933
www.vidiani.com
tanzania-wall-map.gi...
1918x2207
www.globalcitymap.co...
Tanzanian-road-map.g...
1412x1664
www.ezilon.com
political-map-of-Tan...
1412x1650
www.ezilon.com
Tanzania-physical-ma...
1412x1642
www.ezilon.com
tanzania-map.gif
1200x1374
www.globalcitymap.co...
tanzania-detail-map....
1250x1204
www.tanzaniesafari.c...
tanzania_pol_1989.jp...
1104x1316
www.lib.utexas.edu
Tanzania_Map.jpg
1030x1179
countries.bridgat.co...
tanzania.gif
992x1208
www.lib.utexas.edu
tanzania-map-large.j...
992x1208
iringahope1.org
tanzania_pol_2003.jp...
1001x1188
www.lib.utexas.edu
tanzania_rel_2003.jp...
1000x1186
images.nationmaster....
detailed_relief_and_...
1000x1186
www.vidiani.com
Map-tanzania-83040_1...
1000x1186
images.fanpop.com
tanzania_rel_2003.jp...
1000x1186
www.lib.utexas.edu
tanzania-road-map.gi...
984x1158
www.globalcitymap.co...
tanzania-map.jpg
978x1152
www.geographicguide....