Map - Ōita Prefecture (Ōita)

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Ōita Prefecture (Ōita)

Ōita Prefecture (大分県) is a prefecture on Kyushu region of Japan. The prefectural capital is the city of Ōita.

Around the 6th century Kyushu consisted of four regions: Tsukushi Province, Hi Province, Kumaso Province and Toyo Province.

Toyo Province was later divided into two regions, upper and lower Toyo Province, called Bungo Province and Buzen Province.

After the Meiji Restoration, districts from Bungo and Buzen provinces were combined to form Ōita Prefecture. These provinces were divided among many local daimyōs and thus a large castle town never formed in Ōita. From this time that whole area became known as "Toyo-no-kuni", which means "Land of Abundance".

The origins of the name Ōita are documented in a report from the early 8th century called the Chronicles of Bungo (豊後国風土記). According to the document, when Emperor Keikō visited the Kyushu region, stopping first in Toyo-no-kuni, he exclaimed that 'This is a vast land, indeed. It shall be known as Okita-Kuni!' Okita-Kuni, meaning "Land of the Great Fields", later came to be written as "Ōita". Present day interpretations based on Ōita's topography state that Oita's name comes from "Okita", meaning "many fields", rather than "vast" or "great" field, because of Ōita's complex terrain.

In the Edo period (1603–1867) the town of Hita was the government seat for the entire domain of Kyushu, which was directly controlled by the national government or shōgun at that time. The region became well known for the money-lending industry based out of Hita. Merchants in Hita's Mameda and Kuma districts worked with the national government to create this money-lending industry known as Hita-kin.

 

Map - Ōita Prefecture (Ōita)

Latitude / Longitude : 33° 11' 56" N / 131° 26' 1" E | Time zone : UTC+9 | Currency : JPY | Telephone : 81  

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Photograph

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Current municipalities
Lookout from Saiki castle ruins
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Current municipalities
Panorama view of Yufuin
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Kizan park Distant view
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Country - Japan

Flag of Japan
0.5% Korean

0.4% Chinese
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JA Japanese language
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