Map - Anjar, Lebanon (Aanjar)

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Anjar (Aanjar)

Anjar (عنجر / ALA-LC: ‘Anjar; Անճար Anjar, meaning "unresolved or running river"), also known as Haoush Mousa (حوش موسى / Ḥawsh Mūsá), is a town of Lebanon located in the Bekaa Valley. The population is 2,400, consisting almost entirely of Armenians. The total area is about twenty square kilometers (7.7 square miles). In the summer, the population swells to 3,500, as members of the Armenian diaspora return to visit there.

The town's establishment is normally attributed to the Umayyad caliph al-Walid I at the beginning of the 8th century as a palace-city. However, historian Jere L. Bacharach claims it was al-Walid's son, al-Abbas, who was responsible for Anjar's founding circa 714 CE, citing the Byzantine Greek chronicler Theophanes the Confessor, who recorded that al-Abbas built the town.

After being abandoned in later years, Anjar was resettled in 1939 with several thousand Armenian refugees from the Musa Dagh area. Its neighborhoods are named after the six villages of Musa Dagh: Haji Habibli, Kebusiyeh, Vakif, Kheder Bek, Yoghunoluk and Bitias. The Syrian Army chose Anjar as one of its main military bases in the Beqaa Valley and the headquarters of its intelligence services.

 

Map - Anjar (Aanjar)

Latitude / Longitude : 33° 43' 40" N / 35° 55' 52" E | Time zone : UTC+2:0 / UTC+3 | Currency : LBP | Telephone : 961  

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Photograph

Anjar, Lebanon--Anjar Street, March 2017

Anjar Street, March 2017
Anjar, Lebanon-Religion and education-Anjar Church, March 2017 1
Religion and education
Anjar Church, March 2017 1
Anjar, Lebanon-Anjar antiquities-Anjar vu du palais
Anjar antiquities
Anjar vu du palais
Anjar, Lebanon
Anjar, Lebanon
Anjar, Lebanon
Anjar, Lebanon
Anjar, Lebanon
Anjar, Lebanon
Anjar, Lebanon
Anjar, Lebanon
Anjar, Lebanon
Anjar, Lebanon
Anjar, Lebanon
Anjar, Lebanon
Anjar, Lebanon
Anjar, Lebanon
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Country - Lebanon

Flag of Lebanon
Lebanon (لبنان ; Lebanese pronunciation: ; Liban), officially known as the Lebanese Republic (الجمهورية اللبنانية ; Lebanese pronunciation: ; République libanaise), is a country in Western Asia. It is bordered by Syria to the north and east and Israel to the south, while Cyprus is west across the Mediterranean Sea. Lebanon's location at the crossroads of the Mediterranean Basin and the Arabian hinterland facilitated its rich history and shaped a cultural identity of religious and ethnic diversity. At just 10,452 km 2 (4,036 sq. mi.), it is the smallest recognized sovereign state on the mainland Asian continent.

The earliest evidence of civilization in Lebanon dates back more than seven thousand years, predating recorded history. Lebanon was the home of the Canaanites/Phoenicians and their kingdoms, a maritime culture that flourished for over a thousand years (c. 1550–539 BC). In 64 BC, the region came under the rule of the Roman Empire, and eventually became one of the Empire's leading centers of Christianity. In the Mount Lebanon range a monastic tradition known as the Maronite Church was established. As the Arab Muslims conquered the region, the Maronites held onto their religion and identity. However, a new religious group, the Druze, established themselves in Mount Lebanon as well, generating a religious divide that has lasted for centuries. During the Crusades, the Maronites re-established contact with the Roman Catholic Church and asserted their communion with Rome. The ties they established with the Latins have influenced the region into the modern era.
Currency / Language  
ISO Currency Symbol Significant figures
LBP Lebanese pound لل 2
ISO Language
AR Arabic language
HY Armenian language
EN English language
FR French language
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Neighbourhood - Country  
  •  Israel 
  •  Syria 

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