Map - Chatham Islands

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Chatham Islands

The Chatham Islands form an archipelago in the Pacific Ocean about 800 km east of the South Island of New Zealand. It consists of about ten islands within a 40 km radius, the largest of which are Chatham Island and Pitt Island. Some of these islands, once cleared for farming, are now preserved as nature reserves to conserve some of the unique flora and fauna. The resident population is 600 . The islands' economy is largely dependent on conservation, tourism, farming, and fishing.

The archipelago is called Rēkohu ("Misty Sun") in the indigenous Moriori language, and Wharekauri in Māori. The Moriori are the indigenous people of the Chatham Islands; they arrived on the islands around 1500 and eventually developed a peaceful way of life. In 1835 members of the Māori Ngāti Mutunga and Ngāti Tama tribes invaded the island and nearly exterminated Moriori, enslaving the survivors. Chatham Islands have officially been part of New Zealand since 1842 and in 1863 the Moriori were released from slavery.

Chatham islands includes the New Zealands's easternmost point, the Forty-Fours. Local administration is provided by the Chatham Islands Council, whose powers are similar to other unitary authorities. The islands are listed with the New Zealand Outlying Islands. The islands are an immediate part of New Zealand, but are not part of any region or district. They are instead an Area Outside Territorial Authority, like all the other outlying islands except the Solander Islands.

 

Map - Chatham Islands

Latitude / Longitude : 44° 0' 0" S / 176° 30' 0" W | Time zone : UTC+13:45:45 / UTC+12:45 (Summer) | Currency : NZD | Telephone : 64  

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Country - New Zealand

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New Zealand (Aotearoa ) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. The country geographically comprises two main landmasses—the North Island (Te Ika-a-Māui), and the South Island (Te Waipounamu)—and around 600 smaller islands. New Zealand is situated some 1500 km east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and roughly 1000 km south of the Pacific island areas of New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga. Because of its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. During its long period of isolation, New Zealand developed a distinct biodiversity of animal, fungal, and plant life. The country's varied topography and its sharp mountain peaks, such as the Southern Alps, owe much to the tectonic uplift of land and volcanic eruptions. New Zealand's capital city is Wellington, while its most populous city is Auckland.

Sometime between 1250 and 1300, Polynesians settled in the islands that later were named New Zealand and developed a distinctive Māori culture. In 1642, Dutch explorer Abel Tasman became the first European to sight New Zealand. In 1840, representatives of the United Kingdom and Māori chiefs signed the Treaty of Waitangi, which declared British sovereignty over the islands. In 1841, New Zealand became a colony within the British Empire and in 1907 it became a dominion; it gained full independence in 1947, but the British monarch remained the head of state. Today, the majority of New Zealand's population of 4.9 million is of European descent; the indigenous Māori are the largest minority, followed by Asians and Pacific Islanders. Reflecting this, New Zealand's culture is mainly derived from Māori and early British settlers, with recent broadening arising from increased immigration. The official languages are English, Māori, and NZ Sign Language, with English being very dominant.
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