Map - Flanders

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Flanders

Flanders (, ; Dutch: [het] Vlaanderen ; French: [la] Flandre ; German: [das] Flandern, Latin: Flandria) is the Dutch-speaking northern portion of Belgium and one of the communities, regions and language areas of Belgium. However, there are several overlapping definitions, including ones related to culture, language, politics and history, and sometimes involving neighbouring countries. The demonym associated with Flanders is Fleming, while the corresponding adjective is Flemish. The official capital of Flanders is Brussels, although the Brussels Capital Region has an independent regional government, and the government of Flanders only oversees the community aspects of Flanders life in Brussels such as (Flemish) culture and education.

Flanders, despite not being the biggest part of Belgium by area, is the area with the largest population (68.5%) if Brussels is included. 7,876,873 out of 11,491,346 Belgian inhabitants live in Flanders or the bilingual city of Brussels. Not including Brussels, there are five modern Flemish provinces.

In medieval contexts, the original "County of Flanders" stretched around AD 900 from the Strait of Dover to the Scheldt estuary and expanded from there. This county also still corresponds roughly with the modern-day Belgian provinces of West Flanders and East Flanders, along with neighbouring parts of France and the Netherlands. Although this original meaning is still relevant, in modern times the term "Flanders" came to refer to a larger area, and is used to refer to the entire Dutch-speaking part of Belgium, stretching all the way to the River Meuse, as well as cultural movements such as Flemish art. In accordance with late 20th century Belgian state reforms the Belgian part of this area was made into two political entities: the "Flemish Community" (Vlaamse Gemeenschap) and the "Flemish Region" (Vlaams Gewest). These entities were merged, although geographically the Flemish Community, which has a broader cultural mandate, covers Brussels, whereas the Flemish Region does not.

Flanders, by every definition, has figured prominently in European history since the Middle Ages. In this period, cities such as Ghent, Bruges, and later Antwerp made it one of the richest and most urbanized parts of Europe, trading, and weaving the wool of neighbouring lands into cloth for both domestic use and export. As a consequence, a very sophisticated culture developed, with impressive achievements in the arts and architecture, rivaling those of northern Italy. Belgium was one of the centres of the 19th-century industrial revolution but Flanders was at first overtaken by French-speaking Wallonia. In the second half of the 20th century, and due to massive national investments in port infrastructure, Flanders' economy modernised rapidly, and today Flanders and Brussels are much wealthier than Wallonia and are among the wealthiest regions in Europe and the world.

Geographically, Flanders is mainly flat, and has a small section of coast on the North Sea. Much of Flanders is agriculturally fertile and densely populated, with a density of almost 500 people per square kilometer (1,200 per square mile). It touches France to the west near the coast, and borders the Netherlands to the north and east, and Wallonia to the south. The Brussels Capital Region is an officially bilingual enclave within the Flemish Region. Flanders has exclaves of its own: Voeren in the east is between Wallonia and the Netherlands and Baarle-Hertog in the north consists of 22 exclaves surrounded by the Netherlands.

 

Map - Flanders

Latitude / Longitude : 51° 0' 0" N / 4° 30' 0" E | Time zone : UTC+1:0 / UTC+2 | Currency : EUR | Telephone : 32  

Map

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Google Earth
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Nokia
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Photograph

Flanders-Sports-Kim Clijsters 2006
Sports
Kim Clijsters 2006
Flanders-Language and literature-Guidogezelle
Language and literature
Guidogezelle
Flanders-Religion-Castle Arenberg, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven adj
Religion
Castle Arenberg, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven adj
Flanders-Economy-Lijn11 a12
Economy
Lijn11 a12
Flanders-Demographics-Houthalen - Onze-Lieve-Vrouw van Zeven Weeënkerk
Demographics
Houthalen - Onze-Lieve-Vrouw van Zeven Weeënkerk
Flanders-Economy-Zicht op het Delwaidedok
Economy
Zicht op het Delwaidedok
Flanders-Administrative divisions-BrusselLocatie
Administrative divisions
BrusselLocatie
Flanders-Administrative divisions-VlaanderenProvincies
Administrative divisions
VlaanderenProvincies
Flanders-Geography-Zonien
Geography
Zonien
Flanders-Flemish independence-Menen - Border crossing 1 cropped
Flemish independence
Menen - Border crossing 1 cropped
Flanders-Government and politics-Brussels - Vlaams Parlement
Government and politics
Brussels - Vlaams Parlement
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Government and politics
Kris Peeters 675
Flanders-Rise of the Flemish Movement-Gesneuvelden Koksijde - België
Rise of the Flemish Movement
Gesneuvelden Koksijde - België
Flanders-Southern Netherlands (1581–1795)-Quad Flandria
Southern Netherlands (1581–1795)
Quad Flandria
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Beeldenstorm
Incendio Ayuntamiento Amberes
Flanders
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Country - Belgium

Flag of Belgium
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe. It is bordered by the Netherlands to the north, Germany to the east, Luxembourg to the southeast, France to the southwest, and the North Sea to the northwest. It covers an area of 30688 km2 and has a population of more than 11.4 million. The capital and largest city is Brussels; other major cities are Antwerp, Ghent, Charleroi and Liège.

The sovereign state is a federal constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system. Its institutional organisation is complex and is structured on both regional and linguistic grounds. It is divided into three highly autonomous regions: Flanders in the north, Wallonia in the south, and the Brussels-Capital Region. Brussels is the smallest and most densely populated region, as well as the richest region in terms of GDP per capita.
Currency / Language  
ISO Currency Symbol Significant figures
EUR Euro 2
ISO Language
NL Dutch language
FR French language
DE German language
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Neighbourhood - Country  
  •  France 
  •  Germany 
  •  Luxembourg 
  •  Netherlands 

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