Map - Guelsehir Ilcesi (Gülşehir İlçesi)

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Guelsehir Ilcesi (Gülşehir İlçesi)

Gülşehir, formerly Aravissos and Arapsun, ancient Zoropassos (Ancient Greek: Ζωρόπασος), is a town and district of Nevşehir Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey, in the vicinity of the Fairy Chimney valley of Göreme. According to 2010 census, population of the district is 24,503 of which 8,866 live in the town of Gülşehir, and the remainder in surrounding villages. The district covers an area of 956 km2, and the average elevation is 885 m.

The old name of Gülşehir, situated on the southern bank of the Kızıl River, 20 km from Nevşehir, is Arapsun and in ancient times it was called “Zoropassos” by the Hittites. In the vicinity of Gülşehir there are still rocks and steles with inscriptions from the Hittites.

The Ottoman Grand Vizier Karavezir Mehmet Seyyid Pasha did the same thing in Gülşehir as Damat İbrahim Pasha did in the nearby Nevşehir and a külliye was built in the town which had only 30 houses. The complex consisted of a mosque, a madrasah and a fountain.

The pottery, located completely inside an artificial cave deep in the rock, is a local tourist attraction.


Map - Guelsehir Ilcesi (Gülşehir İlçesi)

Latitude / Longitude : 38° 45' 20" N / 34° 37' 48" E | Time zone : UTC+3 | Currency : TRY | Telephone : 90  


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Country - Turkey

Flag of Turkey
Turkey (Türkiye ), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti ), is a transcontinental country located mainly in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. East Thrace, located in Europe, is separated from Anatolia by the Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorous strait and the Dardanelles (collectively called the Turkish Straits). Turkey is bordered by Greece and Bulgaria to its northwest; Georgia to its northeast; Armenia, the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan and Iran to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the south. Istanbul is the largest city, but more central Ankara is the capital. Approximately 70 to 80 per cent of the country's citizens identify as Turkish. Kurds are the largest minority; the size of the Kurdish population is a subject of dispute with estimates placing the figure at anywhere from 12 to 25 per cent of the population.

At various points in its history, the region has been inhabited by diverse civilizations including the Assyrians, Greeks, Thracians, Phrygians, Urartians, and Armenians. Hellenization started during the era of Alexander the Great and continued into the Byzantine era. The Seljuk Turks began migrating into the area in the 11th century, and their victory over the Byzantines at the Battle of Manzikert in 1071 symbolizes the start and foundation of Turkey. The Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm ruled Anatolia until the Mongol invasion in 1243, when it disintegrated into small Turkish principalities. Beginning in the late 13th-century, the Ottomans started uniting these Turkish principalities. After Mehmed II conquered Constantinople in 1453, Ottoman expansion continued under Selim I. During the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent the Ottoman Empire encompassed much of Southeast Europe, West Asia and North Africa and became a world power. In the following centuries the state entered a period of decline with a gradual loss of territories and wars. In an effort to consolidate the weakening social and political foundations of the empire, Mahmut II started a period of modernisation in the early 19th century, bringing reforms in all areas of the state including the military and bureaucracy along with the emancipation of all citizens.
Currency / Language  
ISO Currency Symbol Significant figures
TRY Turkish lira 2
ISO Language
AV Avar language
AZ Azerbaijani language
KU Kurdish language
TR Turkish language
Neighbourhood - Country  
  •  Armenia 
  •  Azerbaijan 
  •  Georgia 
  •  Iran 
  •  Mesopotamia 
  •  Syria 
  •  Bulgaria 
  •  Greece