Map - Kerala (State of Kerala)

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Kerala (State of Kerala)

Kerala is a state on the southwestern Malabar Coast of India. It was formed on 1 November 1956, following passage of the States Reorganisation Act, by combining Malayalam-speaking regions. Spread over 38863 km2, Kerala is the twenty-third largest Indian state by area. It is bordered by Karnataka to the north and northeast, Tamil Nadu to the east and south, and the Lakshadweep Sea to the west. With 33,387,677 inhabitants as per the 2011 Census, Kerala is the thirteenth-largest Indian state by population. It is divided into 14 districts with the capital being Thiruvananthapuram. Malayalam is the most widely spoken language and is also the official language of the state.

The Chera Dynasty was the first prominent kingdom based in Kerala. The Ay kingdom in the deep south and the Ezhimala kingdom in the north formed the other kingdoms in the early years of the Common Era (CE or AD). The region had been a prominent spice exporter since 3000 BCE. The region's prominence in trade was noted in the works of Pliny as well as the Periplus around 100 CE. In the 15th century, the spice trade attracted Portuguese traders to Kerala, and paved the way for European colonisation of India. At the time of Indian independence movement in the early 20th century, there were two major princely states in Kerala-Travancore State and the Kingdom of Cochin. They united to form the state of Thiru-Kochi in 1949. The Malabar region, in the northern part of Kerala, had been a part of the Madras province of British India, which later became a part of the Madras State post-independence. After the States Reorganisation Act, 1956, the modern-day state of Kerala was formed by merging the Malabar district of Madras State (excluding Gudalur taluk of Nilgiris district, Topslip, the Attappadi Forest east of Anakatti), the state of Thiru-Kochi (excluding four southern taluks of Kanyakumari district, Shenkottai and Tenkasi taluks), and the taluk of Kasaragod (now Kasaragod District) in South Canara (Tulunad) which was a part of Madras State.

The economy of Kerala is the 11th-largest state economy in India with in gross domestic product and a per capita GDP of. Kerala has the lowest positive population growth rate in India, 3.44%; the highest Human Development Index (HDI), 0.784 in 2018 (0.712 in 2015); the highest literacy rate, 93.91% in the 2011 census; the highest life expectancy, 77 years; and the highest sex ratio, 1,084 women per 1,000 men. The state has witnessed significant emigration, especially to the Arab states of the Persian Gulf during the Gulf Boom of the 1970s and early 1980s, and its economy depends significantly on remittances from a large Malayali expatriate community. Hinduism is practised by more than half of the population, followed by Islam and Christianity. The culture is a synthesis of Aryan, Dravidian, Arab, and European cultures, developed over millennia, under influences from other parts of India and abroad.

The production of pepper and natural rubber contributes significantly to the total national output. In the agricultural sector, coconut, tea, coffee, cashew and spices are important. The state's coastline extends for 595 km, and around 1.1 million people in the state are dependent on the fishery industry which contributes 3% to the state's income. The state has the highest media exposure in India with newspapers publishing in nine languages, mainly English and Malayalam. Kerala is one of the prominent tourist destinations of India, with backwaters, hill stations, beaches, Ayurvedic tourism and tropical greenery as its major attractions.

]] in Classical Tamil: and are variants of the same word. The word refers to the oldest known dynasty of Kerala kings and is derived from the Proto-Tamil-Malayalam word for 'lake'.

The earliest Sanskrit text to mention Kerala as Cherapadha is the late Vedic text Aitareya Aranyaka. Kerala is also mentioned in the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, the two Hindu epics. The Skanda Purana mentions the ecclesiastical office of the Thachudaya Kaimal who is referred to as, synonymous with the deity of the Koodalmanikyam temple. may stem from the Classical Tamil 'declivity of a hill or a mountain slope' or 'land of the Cheras'. The Greco-Roman trade map Periplus Maris Erythraei refers to Keralaputra as Celobotra.

 

Map - Kerala (State of Kerala)

Latitude / Longitude : 10° 0' 0" N / 76° 30' 0" E | Time zone : UTC+5:30 | Currency : INR | Telephone : 91  

Map

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Google Earth
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Bing
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Nokia
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OpenStreetMap
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Esri.WorldImagery
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Esri.WorldStreetMap
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OpenStreetMap.Mapnik
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OpenStreetMap.HOT
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OpenTopoMap
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CartoDB.Positron
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CartoDB.Voyager
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OpenMapSurfer.Roads
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Esri.WorldTopoMap
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Stamen.TonerLite

Photograph

Kerala-Media-Malayala Manorama New Press in Kollam-3, Apr 2016
Media
Malayala Manorama New Press in Kollam-3, Apr 2016
Kerala-Sports-Kerala boatrace
Sports
Kerala boatrace
Kerala-Education-Kumaran Ashan
Education
Kumaran Ashan
Kerala-LGBT rights-Kerala Pride March 2018 IMG 20181007 162532
LGBT rights
Kerala Pride March 2018 IMG 20181007 162532
Kerala-Water transport-Vallarpadam Container Terminal at night
Water transport
Vallarpadam Container Terminal at night
Kerala-Airports-Cochin International Airport Limited
Airports
Cochin International Airport Limited
Kerala-Kochi Metro-Kochi Metro train at Palarivattom, Aug 2017
Kochi Metro
Kochi Metro train at Palarivattom, Aug 2017
Kerala-Railways-Tvmcentral
Railways
Tvmcentral
Kerala-Roads-Wiki-COKVolvo1
Roads
Wiki-COKVolvo1
Kerala-Roads-Vyttila Mobility Hub BNC
Roads
Vyttila Mobility Hub BNC
Kerala-Roads-Thrissur sixlane
Roads
Thrissur sixlane
Kerala-Fisheries-Kochi chinese fishing-net-20080215-01a
Fisheries
Kochi chinese fishing-net-20080215-01a
Kerala-Agriculture-Ripe jackfruit
Agriculture
Ripe jackfruit
Kerala-Economy-Intercropping coconut n Tagetes erecta
Economy
Intercropping coconut n Tagetes erecta
Kerala-Subdivisions-Kerala density map1
Subdivisions
Kerala density map1
Kerala-Colonial era-Palace of Trivandrum
Colonial era
Palace of Trivandrum
Kerala-Colonial era-British Residency in Kollam city, Mar 2017
Colonial era
British Residency in Kollam city, Mar 2017
Kerala-Early medieval period-3rd Tiruvalla Copper Plate
Early medieval period
3rd Tiruvalla Copper Plate
Kerala-Mythology-Parashurama with axe
Mythology
Parashurama with axe
Kerala
Kerala
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Country - India

Flag of India
India (ISO: ), also known as the Republic of India (ISO: ), is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh largest country by area and with more than 1.3 billion people, it is the second most populous country as well as the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the northeast; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives, while its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.

The Indian subcontinent was home to the urban Indus Valley Civilisation of the 3rd millennium. In the following millennium, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism began to be composed. Social stratification, based on caste, emerged in the first millennium BCE, and Buddhism and Jainism arose. Early political consolidations took place under the Maurya and Gupta empires; later peninsular Middle Kingdoms influenced cultures as far as Southeast Asia. In the medieval era, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Islam arrived, and Sikhism emerged, all adding to the region's diverse culture. Much of the north fell to the Delhi Sultanate; the south was united under the Vijayanagara Empire. The economy expanded in the 17th century in the Mughal Empire. In the mid-18th century, the subcontinent came under British East India Company rule, and in the mid-19th under British Crown rule. A nationalist movement emerged in the late 19th century, which later, under Mahatma Gandhi, was noted for nonviolent resistance and led to India's independence in 1947.
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