Map - Lombardy (Lombardia)

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Lombardy (Lombardia)

Lombardy (Lombardia ; Lombardia,, or Lombardéa, ) is one of the twenty administrative regions of Italy, in the northwest of the country, with an area of 23844 km2. About 10 million people, forming one-sixth of Italy's population, live in Lombardy and about a fifth of Italy's GDP is produced in the region, making it the most populous and richest region in the country and one of the richest regions in Europe. Milan, Lombardy's capital, is the second-largest city and the largest metropolitan area in Italy.

The word Lombardy comes from Lombard, which in turn is derived from Late Latin Longobardus, Langobardus ("a Lombard"), derived from the Proto-Germanic elements *langaz + *bardaz; equivalent to long beard. Some sources derive the second element instead from Proto-Germanic *bardǭ, *barduz ("axe"), related to German Barte ("axe").

During the early Middle Ages "Lombardy" referred to the Kingdom of the Lombards (Regnum Langobardorum), a kingdom ruled by the Germanic Lombards who had controlled most of Italy since their invasion of Byzantine Italy in 568. As such "Lombardy" and "Italy" were almost interchangeable; by the mid-8th century only the Papal possessions around Rome (roughly modern Lazio and northern Umbria), Venice and some Byzantine possessions in the south (southern Apulia and Calabria; some coastal settlements including Amalfi, Gaeta, Naples and Sorrento; Sicily and Sardinia) weren't controlled by the Lombards. The Kingdom was divided between Longobardia Major in the north and Langobardia Minor in the south, which were until the 8th century separated by the Byzantine Exarchate of Ravenna (roughly Romagna and northern Marche, and initially also Emilia and Liguria) and the Papacy (which was initially part of the Exarchate). During the late Middle Ages, after the fall of the northern part of the Kingdom to Charlemagne, the term shifted to mean Northern Italy. (See: Kingdom of Italy (Holy Roman Empire)). The term was also used until around 965 in the form Λογγοβαρδία as the name for the territory roughly covering modern Apulia which the Byzantines had recovered from the Lombard rump Duchy of Benevento.

 

Map - Lombardy (Lombardia)

Latitude / Longitude : 45° 40' 0" N / 9° 30' 0" E | Time zone : UTC+1:0 / UTC+2 | Currency : EUR | Telephone : 39  

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Photograph

Lombardy-Soils-Novembre 2004 030
Soils
Novembre 2004 030
Lombardy-Hydrography-FNM treno E.740 ponte Galliate
Hydrography
FNM treno E.740 ponte Galliate
Lombardy-Flora and fauna-Stambecco sul Piccolo Lagazuoi
Flora and fauna
Stambecco sul Piccolo Lagazuoi
Lombardy-Prehistory and antiquity-Scena di duello R6 - Foppe - Nadro (Foto Luca Giarelli)
Prehistory and antiquity
Scena di duello R6 - Foppe - Nadro (Foto Luca Giarelli)
Lombardy-Typical dishes-Cotoletta e patate al forno
Typical dishes
Cotoletta e patate al forno
Lombardy-Typical dishes-Ossobuco con risotto alla milanese
Typical dishes
Ossobuco con risotto alla milanese
Lombardy-Other sights-Leonardo da Vinci - Portrait of a Musician
Other sights
Leonardo da Vinci - Portrait of a Musician
Lombardy-Other sights-Castello Sforzesco, fontana e torre del Filarete
Other sights
Castello Sforzesco, fontana e torre del Filarete
Lombardy-UNESCO World Heritage Sites-Crespi panorama
UNESCO World Heritage Sites
Crespi panorama
Lombardy-UNESCO World Heritage Sites-Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) - The Last Supper (1495-1498)
UNESCO World Heritage Sites
Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) - The Last Supper (1495-1498)
Lombardy-UNESCO World Heritage Sites-Rosa camuna R2-3 - Carpene - Sellero (Foto Luca Giarelli)
UNESCO World Heritage Sites
Rosa camuna R2-3 - Carpene - Sellero (Foto Luca Giarelli)
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Government and politics
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UNESCO World Heritage Sites
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Administrative divisions
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Economy
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Lombardy-Renaissance duchies of Milan and Mantua-Mappa del Ducato di Mantova nel 1575
Renaissance duchies of Milan and Mantua
Mappa del Ducato di Mantova nel 1575
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Kingdom of the Lombards
Iron Crown
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Climate
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Country - Italy

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Italy (Italia ), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana ), is a country in Southern Europe. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea, Italy shares open land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia and the enclaved microstates San Marino and Vatican City. Italy covers an area of 301340 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal and Mediterranean climate. With around 61 million inhabitants, it is the fourth-most populous EU member state and the most populous country in Southern Europe.

Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has historically been home to a myriad of peoples and cultures. In addition to the various ancient peoples dispersed throughout modern-day Italy, the most famous of which being the Indo-European Italics who gave the peninsula its name, beginning from the classical era, Phoenicians and Carthaginians founded colonies in insular Italy and Genoa, Greeks established settlements in the so-called Magna Graecia, while Etruscans and Celts inhabited central and northern Italy respectively. The Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which eventually became a republic with a government of the Senate and the People. The Roman Republic conquered and assimilated its neighbours on the peninsula, in some cases through the establishment of federations, and the Republic eventually expanded and conquered parts of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant power in the Mediterranean Basin and became the leading cultural, political and religious centre of Western civilisation, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a period of more than 200 years during which Italy's technology, economy, art and literature flourished. Italy remained the homeland of the Romans and the metropole of the Roman Empire. The legacy of the Roman Empire endured its fall and can be observed in the global distribution of culture, law, governments, Christianity and the Latin script.
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