Map - Mauritius (Republic of Mauritius)

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Mauritius (Republic of Mauritius)

Flag of Mauritius
Mauritius (Maurice, Creole: Moris ), officially the Republic of Mauritius (undefined, Creole: Repiblik Moris), is an island nation in the Indian Ocean about 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) off the southeast coast of the African continent. The country includes the islands of Mauritius and Rodrigues, 560 kilometres (350 mi) east of Mauritius, and the outer islands of Agaléga and St. Brandon. The islands of Mauritius and Rodrigues form part of the Mascarene Islands, along with nearby Réunion, a French overseas department. The area of the country is 2,040 km2 (790 sq mi). The capital and largest city is Port Louis. The island is widely known as the only known home of the dodo, which, along with several other avian species, was made extinct by human activities relatively shortly after the island's settlement.

Formerly a Dutch colony (1638–1710) and a French colony (1715–1810), Mauritius became a British colonial possession in 1810 and remained so until 1968, the year in which it attained independence. The British Crown colony of Mauritius once included the current territories of Mauritius, Rodrigues, the outer islands of Agaléga, St. Brandon, Chagos Archipelago, and Seychelles. The Mauritian territories gradually devolved with the creation of a separate colony of Seychelles in 1903 and the excision of the Chagos Archipelago in 1965. The sovereignty over the Chagos Archipelago is disputed between Mauritius and the United Kingdom. The UK excised the archipelago from Mauritian territory in 1965, three years prior to Mauritian independence. The UK gradually depopulated the archipelago's local population and leased its biggest island, Diego Garcia, to the United States. Access to the Chagos Archipelago is prohibited to casual tourists, the media, and its former inhabitants. Mauritius also claims sovereignty over Tromelin Island from France.

The people of Mauritius are multi-ethnic, multi-religious, multicultural and multilingual. The island's government is closely modelled on the Westminster parliamentary system, and Mauritius is highly ranked for democracy and for economic and political freedom. The Human Development Index of Mauritius is the second highest in Africa. Along with the other Mascarene Islands, Mauritius is known for its varied flora and fauna, with many species endemic to the island.

Currently, Mauritius is the only predominantly Hindu country in Africa. The administration uses English as its main language.

The first historical evidence of the existence of an island now known as Mauritius is on a map produced by the Italian cartographer Alberto Cantino in 1502. From this, it appears that Mauritius was first named Dina Arobi around 975 by Arab sailors, the first people to visit the island. In 1507, Portuguese sailors visited the uninhabited island. The island appears with a Portuguese name Cirne on early Portuguese maps, probably from the name of a ship in the 1507 expedition. Another Portuguese sailor, Dom Pedro Mascarenhas, gave the name Mascarenes to the Archipelago.

In 1598, a Dutch squadron under Admiral Wybrand van Warwyck landed at Grand Port and named the island Mauritius, in honour of Prince Maurice van Nassau, stadholder of the Dutch Republic. Later the island became a French colony and was renamed Isle de France. On 3 December 1810, the French surrendered the island to Great Britain during the Napoleonic Wars. Under British rule, the island's name reverted to Mauritius. Mauritius is also commonly known as Maurice and Île Maurice in French, Moris in Mauritian Creole.

 
Currency / Language 
ISO Currency Symbol Significant figures
MUR Mauritian rupee 2
ISO Language
EN English language
FR French language

Map - Mauritius (Republic of Mauritius)

Latitude / Longitude : 20° 18' 0" S / 57° 34' 60" E | Time zone : UTC+4 | Currency : MUR | Telephone : 230  

Map

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Photograph

Mauritius-Portuguese explorations of Mauritius-D. Pedro Mascarenhas
Portuguese explorations of Mauritius
D. Pedro Mascarenhas
Mauritius-Dutch Mauritius (16381710)-Het Tweede Boeck
Dutch Mauritius (16381710)
Het Tweede Boeck
Mauritius-French Mauritius (17151810)-Combat de Grand Port mg 9425
French Mauritius (17151810)
Combat de Grand Port mg 9425
Mauritius-British Mauritius (18101968)-Isle of France, 2 December 1810
British Mauritius (18101968)
Isle of France, 2 December 1810
Mauritius-18341921: Indian labour imported-Mixed emotions and feelings are portrayed
18341921: Indian labour imported
Mixed emotions and feelings are portrayed
Mauritius-18341921: Indian labour imported-Numa Desjardins Champ de Mars Port Louis 1880
18341921: Indian labour imported
Numa Desjardins Champ de Mars Port Louis 1880
Mauritius-19011914: Modernization and reform-The web of empire - a diary of the imperial tour of their Royal Highnesses the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York in 1901 (1902) (14763807672)
19011914: Modernization and reform
The web of empire - a diary of the imperial tour of their Royal Highnesses the Duke and Duchess of C...
Mauritius-Independence (since 1968)-Seewoosagur Ramgoolam
Independence (since 1968)
Seewoosagur Ramgoolam
Mauritius-Independence (since 1968)-Stamp Mauritius 1954 5c
Independence (since 1968)
Stamp Mauritius 1954 5c
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Republic (since 1992)
Mauriceybbrfrinwodas
Mauritius-St. Brandon-The Thirteen Islands of St Brandon - Images of L'le Coco, Cargados Carajos in Mauritius 02
St. Brandon
The Thirteen Islands of St Brandon - Images of L'le Coco, Cargados Carajos in Mauritius 02
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Mauritius Island
Mauritius
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Tromelin
Tromelin aerial photograph
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Chagos Archipelago territorial dispute
Chagos map
Mauritius-Permanent Court of Arbitration-Camp Justice --Diego Garcia
Permanent Court of Arbitration
Camp Justice --Diego Garcia
Mauritius-Biodiversity-Dronte dodo Raphus cucullatus
Biodiversity
Dronte dodo Raphus cucullatus
Mauritius-Environment and climate-Black River Gorges National Park, Mauritius
Environment and climate
Black River Gorges National Park, Mauritius
Mauritius-Biodiversity-Phelsuma ornata - journal.pbio.1001382
Biodiversity
Phelsuma ornata - journal.pbio.1001382
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Government and politics
Government House Port Louis
Mauritius-Foreign relations-The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi meeting the Prime Minister of Mauritius, Mr. Pravind Jugnauth, on the sidelines of CHOGM 2018, in London on April 19, 2018 (2)
Foreign relations
The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi meeting the Prime Minister of Mauritius, Mr. Pravind Jugnauth...
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Island

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