Map - Odisha (State of Odisha)

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Odisha (State of Odisha)

Odisha (, ; ଓଡ଼ିଶା, ; formerly known as Orissa) is one of the 29 states of India. Located in eastern India, it is surrounded by the states of West Bengal to the north-east, Jharkhand to the north, Chhattisgarh to the west and north-west, and Andhra Pradesh to the south. Odisha has 485 km of coastline along the Bay of Bengal on its east, from Balasore to Ganjam. It is the 9th largest state by area, and the 11th largest by population. It is also the 3rd most populous state of India in terms of tribal population. Odia is the official and most widely spoken language, spoken by 36.6 million according to the 2016 Census.

The ancient kingdom of Kalinga, which was invaded by the Mauryan emperor Ashoka in 261 BCE resulting in the Kalinga War, coincides with the borders of modern-day Odisha. The modern state of Odisha was established on 1 April 1936, as a province in British India, and consisted predominantly of Odia-speaking regions. 1 April is celebrated as Odisha Day (Utkala Dibasa). The region is also known as Utkala and is mentioned in India's national anthem, "Jana Gana Mana". Cuttack was made the capital of the region by Anantavarman Chodaganga in c. 1135, after which the city was used as the capital by many rulers, through the British era until 1948. Thereafter, Bhubaneswar became the capital of Odisha.

The term "Odisha" is derived from the ancient Prakrit word "Odda Visaya" (also "Udra Bibhasha" or "Odra Bibhasha") as in the Tirumalai inscription of Rajendra Chola I, which is dated to 1025. Sarala Das, who translated the Mahabharata into the Odia language in the 15th century, calls the region Odra Rashtra and Odisha. The inscriptions of Kapilendra Deva of the Gajapati Kingdom (1435–67) on the walls of temples in Puri call the region Odisha or Odisha Rajya.

The name of the state was changed from Orissa to Odisha, and the name of its language from Oriya to Odia, in 2011, by the passage of the Orissa (Alteration of Name) Bill, 2010 and the Constitution (113th Amendment) Bill, 2010 in the Parliament. After a brief debate, the lower house, Lok Sabha, passed the bill and amendment on 9 November 2010. On 24 March 2011, Rajya Sabha, the upper house of Parliament, also passed the bill and the amendment.

 

Map - Odisha (State of Odisha)

Latitude / Longitude : 20° 30' 0" N / 84° 25' 0" E | Time zone : UTC+5:30 | Currency : INR | Telephone : 91  

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Odisha-Education-Utkal University Main Gate
Education
Utkal University Main Gate
Odisha-Religion-Westindischer Maler um 1550 001
Religion
Westindischer Maler um 1550 001
Odisha-Demographics-Lifestyle of tribal folks is visible
Demographics
Lifestyle of tribal folks is visible
Odisha-Railways-Bbrailhq
Railways
Bbrailhq
Odisha-Industrial development-ROURKELA STEEL PLANT
Industrial development
ROURKELA STEEL PLANT
Odisha-Seaports-GOPALPUR PORT ODISHA LIGHT HOUSE PC NISTHA RANJAN DASH
Seaports
GOPALPUR PORT ODISHA LIGHT HOUSE PC NISTHA RANJAN DASH
Odisha-Administrative units-Orissa State map
Administrative units
Orissa State map
Odisha-Government and politics-ORISSA SECRETARIAT
Government and politics
ORISSA SECRETARIAT
Odisha-Biodiversity-Bhitarkanika Mangroves Flora and Fauna 03
Biodiversity
Bhitarkanika Mangroves Flora and Fauna 03
Odisha-Biodiversity-Black tailed Goodwit at Chilika I5 IMG 9350
Biodiversity
Black tailed Goodwit at Chilika I5 IMG 9350
Odisha-Biodiversity-Vanda tessellata Orchi 001
Biodiversity
Vanda tessellata Orchi 001
Odisha-Biodiversity-Irrawaddy dolphin-Orcaella brevirostris by 2eight
Biodiversity
Irrawaddy dolphin-Orcaella brevirostris by 2eight
Odisha-Biodiversity-Nandankanan19
Biodiversity
Nandankanan19
Odisha-Geography-Mahanadi-river-delta
Geography
Mahanadi-river-delta
Odisha-Geography-Chahata near mahanadi river
Geography
Chahata near mahanadi river
Odisha-History-Shanti Stupa, Dhauli 01
History
Shanti Stupa, Dhauli 01
Odisha-History-Hathigumpha
History
Hathigumpha
Odisha-History-The Specific Angel of Lingaraj Temple, Bhubaneswar
History
The Specific Angel of Lingaraj Temple, Bhubaneswar
Odisha-Dance-Odissi Performance DS
Dance
Odissi Performance DS
Odisha-Dance-Sharmila Biswas, Odissi dancer
Dance
Sharmila Biswas, Odissi dancer
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Country - India

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India (ISO: ), also known as the Republic of India (ISO: ), is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh largest country by area and with more than 1.3 billion people, it is the second most populous country as well as the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the northeast; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives, while its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.

The Indian subcontinent was home to the urban Indus Valley Civilisation of the 3rd millennium. In the following millennium, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism began to be composed. Social stratification, based on caste, emerged in the first millennium BCE, and Buddhism and Jainism arose. Early political consolidations took place under the Maurya and Gupta empires; later peninsular Middle Kingdoms influenced cultures as far as Southeast Asia. In the medieval era, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Islam arrived, and Sikhism emerged, all adding to the region's diverse culture. Much of the north fell to the Delhi Sultanate; the south was united under the Vijayanagara Empire. The economy expanded in the 17th century in the Mughal Empire. In the mid-18th century, the subcontinent came under British East India Company rule, and in the mid-19th under British Crown rule. A nationalist movement emerged in the late 19th century, which later, under Mahatma Gandhi, was noted for nonviolent resistance and led to India's independence in 1947.
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