Map - Punta Arenas (Punta Arenas)

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Punta Arenas (Punta Arenas)

Punta Arenas (historically Sandy Point in English) is the capital city of Chile's southernmost region, Magallanes and Antartica Chilena. The city was officially renamed as Magallanes in 1927, but in 1938 it was changed back to "Punta Arenas". It is the largest city south of the 46th parallel south. As of 1977 Punta Arenas has been one of only two free ports in Chile, the other one being Iquique, in the country's far north. (Note that Punta Arenas itself is not a "free port", but rather outside the city; there is a small "zona franca" where certain products can be imported into the country under a reduced-tax regimen.)

Located on the Brunswick Peninsula north of the Strait of Magellan, Punta Arenas was originally established by the Chilean government in 1848 as a tiny penal colony to assert sovereignty over the Strait. During the remainder of the 1800s, Punta Arenas grew in size and importance due to the increasing maritime traffic and trade traveling to the west coasts of South and North America. This period of growth also resulted from the waves of European immigrants, mainly from Croatia and Russia attracted to the gold rush and sheep farming boom in the 1880s and early 1900s. The largest sheep company, controlling 10,000 square kilometres in Chile and Argentina, was based in Punta Arenas, and its owners lived there.

Since its founding Chile has used Punta Arenas as a base to defend its sovereignty claims in the southernmost part of South America. This led, among other things, to the Strait of Magellan being recognized as Chilean territory in the Boundary treaty of 1881 between Chile and Argentina. The geopolitical importance of Punta Arenas has remained high in the 20th and 21st centuries because of its logistic importance in accessing the Antarctic Peninsula.

Since 2017, the city and its region have their own time zone: they use summer time during the whole year (UTC−3).

The English 18th-century explorer John Byron is sometimes credited with naming this area, calling it Sandy Point. However, it was not until 1843 that the government tried to establish a fort and settlement at Fuerte Bulnes. The name Punta Arenas was derived from the Spanish term Punta Arenosa, a literal translation of the English name "Sandy Point". The city has also been known as Magallanes. Today that term is normally used to describe the administrative region which includes the city.

Punta Arenas has been nicknamed "the city of the red roofs" for the red-painted metal roofs that characterized the city for many years. Since about 1970, the availability of other colors in protective finishes has resulted in greater variety in the characteristic metal roofs.

 

Map - Punta Arenas (Punta Arenas)

Latitude / Longitude : 53° 38' 29" S / 72° 2' 19" W | Time zone : UTC-3:0 / UTC-4 | Currency : CLP | Telephone : 56  

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Punta Arenas--PArenas Magallanes

PArenas Magallanes
Punta Arenas-Climate-Punta Arenas con nieve
Climate
Punta Arenas con nieve
Punta Arenas-History-Casa España, Punta Arenas, Magallanes, Chile
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Casa España, Punta Arenas, Magallanes, Chile
Punta Arenas-History-Avenida Cristóbal Colón, Punta Arenas, Magallanes, Chile
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Avenida Cristóbal Colón, Punta Arenas, Magallanes, Chile
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Punta Arenas-Economy-Laurence M Gould
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Laurence M Gould
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Country - Chile

Flag of Chile
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile , is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. It borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage in the far south. Chilean territory includes the Pacific islands of Juan Fernández, Salas y Gómez, Desventuradas, and Easter Island in Oceania. Chile also claims about 1250000 km2 of Antarctica, although all claims are suspended under the Antarctic Treaty.

The arid Atacama Desert in northern Chile contains great mineral wealth, principally copper. The relatively small central area dominates in terms of population and agricultural resources, and is the cultural and political center from which Chile expanded in the late 19th century when it incorporated its northern and southern regions. Southern Chile is rich in forests and grazing lands, and features a string of volcanoes and lakes. The southern coast is a labyrinth of fjords, inlets, canals, twisting peninsulas, and islands.
Currency / Language  
ISO Currency Symbol Significant figures
CLP Chilean peso $ 0
CLF Unidad de Fomento 4
ISO Language
ES Spanish language
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Neighbourhood - Country  
  •  Argentina 
  •  Bolivia 
  •  Peru 

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