Map - Qaladiza (Qal‘at Dizah)

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Qaladiza (Qal‘at Dizah)

Qalladze or Qeladiz is a City of 140,000 inhabitants in the Kurdistan Regional Government region in Iraqi Kurdistan, north of Sulaymaniyah, near the Iranian border. It is surrounded by mountains like many parts of Kurdistan. The town is located in a middle of Pshdar. Qalladze means "Castle of Two Rivers" from the Kurdish words Qala= castle, dw= two and ze= river. In the south west of the City there is a Castle between two rivers.

The whole town was devastated during the IranIraq War and all residents were relocated to Bazian and other parts of Iraqi Kurdistan, but most of them in Bazzian, a small town located west of Sulimanyah. The people of Qalladze stayed there until the Kurdish uprising against Saddam Hussein's regime in 1991. Then they came back to their land. The town has continued to expand. A branch of the Sulaimania University was established there in 1974, but Iraqi government attacked it in April 24, 1974.

At 9.15am on Wednesday 24 April 1974, Qalladze fell victim to Saddam Hussein first airstrike against the Kurds. It was rumoured that the town attracted the eye of Saddam Hussein because the University of Slemani* had temporarily relocated to Qalladze on the 1st April 1974 under the command of leader Mustafa Barzani who led the Kurdish revolution. More than 425 students and teachers re-located to Qalladze as a show of solidarity to Mustafa Barzanis decision which angered the Baathi government. Bomber planes, rockets and internationally prohibited cannon fires set alight the town of Qalladze, the Baathist government had demolished the town of Qalladze and although we will never know an exact figure of fallen victims, it is said that more than 132 children and students alone were killed during the attacks, with over 400 Kurds injured or missing. Although the exact number of victims is unclear, some estimate that over 350 people, including students and teachers died. Two days after the Iraqi governments first airstrike on the Kurds, attentions were turned to the town of Halabja the second victim of Saddam Husseins airstrikes.

On 10 February 2013, the council ministers of the Kurdish Regional Government elected the 24th April as the University Martyrs Day; a homage to the fallen martyrs of Sulaymaniyah University (now known as Salahaddin University).

 

Map - Qaladiza (Qal‘at Dizah)

Latitude / Longitude : 36° 10' 53" N / 45° 7' 43" E | Time zone : UTC+3 | Currency : IQD | Telephone : 964  

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Country - Mesopotamia

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Mesopotamia is a historical region of Western Asia situated within the Tigris–Euphrates river system, in modern days roughly corresponding to most of Iraq, Kuwait, parts of Northern Saudi Arabia, the eastern parts of Syria, Southeastern Turkey, and regions along the Turkish–Syrian and Iran–Iraq borders.

The Sumerians and Akkadians (including Assyrians and Babylonians) dominated Mesopotamia from the beginning of written history (c. 3100 BC) to the fall of Babylon in 539 BC, when it was conquered by the Achaemenid Empire. It fell to Alexander the Great in 332 BC, and after his death, it became part of the Greek Seleucid Empire.
Currency / Language  
ISO Currency Symbol Significant figures
IQD Iraqi dinar عد 3
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AR Arabic language
HY Armenian language
KU Kurdish language
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  •  Iran 
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  •  Syria 
  •  Turkey 

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