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Sint Eustatius

Sint Eustatius, also known affectionately to the locals as Statia , is an island in the Caribbean. It is a special municipality (officially “public body”) of the Netherlands.

The island lies in the northern Leeward Islands portion of the West Indies, southeast of the Virgin Islands. Sint Eustatius is immediately to the northwest of Saint Kitts, and to the southeast of Saba. The regional capital is Oranjestad.

The island has an area of 21 km2. In the 2001 census, the population was recorded as 3,543 inhabitants, with a population density of 169 inhabitants per square kilometre. , the population was officially estimated at 3,877. The official language is Dutch, but English is the "language of everyday life" on the island and education is solely in English. A local English-based creole is also spoken informally. Travellers to the island by air arrive through F.D. Roosevelt Airport.

Formerly part of the Netherlands Antilles, Sint Eustatius became a special municipality within the Netherlands on 10 October 2010.

The name of the island, “Sint Eustatius”, is the Dutch name for Saint Eustace (also spelled Eustachius or Eustathius), a legendary Christian martyr, known in Spanish as San Eustaquio and in Portuguese as Santo Eustáquio or Santo Eustácio.

The island was seen by Christopher Columbus in 1493 and claimed by many different nations. From the first European settlement, in the 17th century until the early 19th century, St. Eustatius changed hands twenty-one times.

In 1636, the chamber of Zeeland of the Dutch West India Company took possession of the island that was then reported to be uninhabited. As of 1678, the islands of St. Eustatius, Sint Maarten and Saba fell under direct command of the Dutch West India Company, with a commander stationed on St. Eustatius to govern all three. At the time, the island was of some importance for the cultivation of tobacco and sugar.

In the 18th century, St. Eustatius' geographical placement in the middle of Danish (Virgin Islands), British (Jamaica, St. Kitts, Barbados, Antigua), French (St. Domingue, Ste. Lucie, Martinique, Guadeloupe) and Spanish (Cuba, Santo Domingo, Puerto Rico) territories—its large harborage, neutrality and status from 1756 as a free port with no customs duties were all factors in it becoming a major point of transhipment of goods, and a locus for trade in contraband. Its economy developed by ignoring the monopolistic trade restrictions of the British, French and Spanish islands. St. Eustatius's economy, under the Dutch, flourished. The island became known as The Golden Rock. Edmund Burke said of the island in 1781: It has no produce, no fortifications for its defense, nor martial spirit nor military regulations ... Its utility was its defense. The universality of its use, the neutrality of its nature was its security and its safeguard. Its proprietors had, in the spirit of commerce, made it an emporium for all the world. ... Its wealth was prodigious, arising from its industry and the nature of its commerce.

 

Map - Sint Eustatius

Latitude / Longitude : 17° 30' 0" N / 62° 58' 0" W | Time zone : UTC+-4 | Currency : USD | Telephone : 599  

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Esri.WorldStreetMap
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OpenStreetMap.Mapnik
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OpenStreetMap.HOT
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OpenTopoMap
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CartoDB.Voyager
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Sint Eustatius-Geography-Quill dormant vulcano
Geography
Quill dormant vulcano
Sint Eustatius-Geography-Sint Eustatius from ISS
Geography
Sint Eustatius from ISS
Sint Eustatius-Rodney's delayed departure, 1781-John Trumbull - The Surrender of Lord Cornwallis at Yorktown, October 19, 1781 - 1832.4 - Yale University Art Gallery
Rodney's delayed departure, 1781
John Trumbull - The Surrender of Lord Cornwallis at Yorktown, October 19, 1781 - 1832.4 - Yale Unive...
Sint Eustatius-Rodney's delayed departure, 1781-BattleOfVirginiaCapes
Rodney's delayed departure, 1781
BattleOfVirginiaCapes
Sint Eustatius-The synagogue and the cemetery-Saint Eustatius- Jewish Cemetery
The synagogue and the cemetery
Saint Eustatius- Jewish Cemetery
Sint Eustatius-The synagogue and the cemetery-Saint Eustatius synagogue - Honen Dalim
The synagogue and the cemetery
Saint Eustatius synagogue - Honen Dalim
Sint Eustatius-
"First Salute"
Johannes de Graeff
Sint Eustatius-
"First Salute"
Île de Saint Eustache en 1781 (haute résolution)
Sint Eustatius--Sint Eustatius travel map

Sint Eustatius travel map
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History
Fort Oranje
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History
StEustatius
Sint Eustatius--St. Eustatius - Encyclopaedie van Nederlandsch West-Indië-Antilles part 2, middle right

St. Eustatius - Encyclopaedie van Nederlandsch West-Indië-Antilles part 2, middle right
Sint Eustatius-Nature-Statia Zeelandia Beach 2012
Nature
Statia Zeelandia Beach 2012
Sint Eustatius-Economy-Lower Town Sint Eustatius
Economy
Lower Town Sint Eustatius
Sint Eustatius-Energy and water-Aerial view on the solar park on Sint Eustatius
Energy and water
Aerial view on the solar park on Sint Eustatius
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Sint Eustatius
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Country - Caribbean Netherlands

The Caribbean Netherlands (Caribisch Nederland, ) are the three special municipalities of the Netherlands that are located in the Caribbean Sea. They consist of the islands of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba, although the term "Caribbean Netherlands" is sometimes used to refer to all of the islands in the Dutch Caribbean. In legislation, the three islands are also known as the BES islands (an acronym of their names). The islands are currently classified as public bodies in the Netherlands and as overseas countries and territories of the European Union; thus, EU law does not automatically apply.

Bonaire (including the islet of Klein Bonaire) is one of the Leeward Antilles and is located close to the coast of Venezuela. Sint Eustatius and Saba are in the main Lesser Antilles group and are located south of Sint Maarten and northwest of Saint Kitts and Nevis.
Currency / Language  
ISO Currency Symbol Significant figures
USD United States dollar $ 2
ISO Language
NL Dutch language
EN English language
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