Map - Spitsbergen

World >  Europe >  Svalbard and Jan Mayen >  Svalbard >  Spitsbergen

Spitsbergen

Spitsbergen (formerly known as West Spitsbergen; Norwegian: Vest Spitsbergen or Vestspitsbergen) is the largest and only permanently populated island of the Svalbard archipelago in Norway. Constituting the western-most bulk of the archipelago, it borders the Arctic Ocean, the Norwegian Sea and the Greenland Sea. Spitsbergen covers an area of , making it the largest island in Norway and the 36th-largest in the world. The administrative centre is Longyearbyen, and other settlements, in addition to research outposts, are the Russian mining community of Barentsburg, the research community of Ny-Ålesund and the mining outpost of Sveagruva.

The island was first used as a whaling base in the 17th and 18th centuries, after which it was abandoned. Coal mining started at the beginning of the 20th century, and several permanent communities were established. The Svalbard Treaty of 1920 recognizes Norwegian sovereignty and established Svalbard as a free economic zone and a demilitarized zone. The Norwegian Store Norske and the Russian Arktikugol remain the only mining companies. Research and tourism have become important supplementary industries, featuring among others the University Centre in Svalbard and the Svalbard Global Seed Vault. No roads connect the settlements; instead snowmobiles, aircraft and boats serve as local transport. Svalbard Airport, Longyear provides the main point of entry and exit.

The island has an Arctic climate, although with significantly higher temperatures than other places at the same latitude. The flora benefits from the long period of midnight sun, which compensates for the polar night. Svalbard is a breeding ground for many seabirds, and also supports polar bears, reindeer and marine mammals. Six national parks protect the largely untouched, yet fragile environment. The island has many glaciers, mountains and fjords.

 

Map - Spitsbergen

Latitude / Longitude : 78° 3' 10" N / 17° 42' 36" E | Time zone : UTC+1:0 / UTC+2 | Currency : NOK | Telephone : 47  

Map

Google Earth-Map-Spitsbergen
Google Earth
OpenStreetMap-Map-Spitsbergen
OpenStreetMap
Map-Spitsbergen-Esri.WorldImagery
Esri.WorldImagery
Map-Spitsbergen-Esri.WorldStreetMap
Esri.WorldStreetMap
Map-Spitsbergen-OpenStreetMap.Mapnik
OpenStreetMap.Mapnik
Map-Spitsbergen-OpenStreetMap.HOT
OpenStreetMap.HOT
Map-Spitsbergen-OpenTopoMap
OpenTopoMap
Map-Spitsbergen-CartoDB.Positron
CartoDB.Positron
Map-Spitsbergen-CartoDB.Voyager
CartoDB.Voyager
Map-Spitsbergen-OpenMapSurfer.Roads
OpenMapSurfer.Roads
Map-Spitsbergen-Esri.WorldTopoMap
Esri.WorldTopoMap
Map-Spitsbergen-Stamen.TonerLite
Stamen.TonerLite

Country - Svalbard and Jan Mayen

Svalbard and Jan Mayen (Svalbard og Jan Mayen, ISO 3166-1 alpha-2: SJ, ISO 3166-1 alpha-3: SJM, ISO 3166-1 numeric: 744) is a statistical designation defined by ISO 3166-1 for a collective grouping of two remote jurisdictions of Norway—Svalbard and Jan Mayen. While the two are combined for the purposes of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) category, they are not administratively related. This has further resulted in the country code top-level domain .sj being issued for Svalbard and Jan Mayen, and ISO 3166-2:SJ. The United Nations Statistics Division also uses this code, but has named it Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands.

Svalbard is an archipelago in the Arctic Ocean under the full sovereignty of Norway, but is subject to the special status granted by the Svalbard Treaty. Jan Mayen is a remote island in the Arctic Ocean; it has no permanent population and is administrated by the County Governor of Nordland. Svalbard and Jan Mayen have in common that they are the only integrated parts of Norway not allocated to counties. While a separate ISO code for Svalbard was proposed by the United Nations, it was the Norwegian authorities who took initiative to include Jan Mayen in the code. Its official language is Norwegian.
Currency / Language  
ISO Language
NO Norwegian language
RU Russian language
Map  

Administrative subdivision

City, Village,...

Facebook

 mapnall@gmail.com