Map - Tonga (Kingdom of Tonga)

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Tonga (Kingdom of Tonga)

Flag of Tonga
Tonga (Tongan: Puleʻanga Fakatuʻi ʻo Tonga), officially the Kingdom of Tonga, is a Polynesian country and archipelago comprising 169 islands, of which 36 are inhabited. The total surface area is about 750 km2 scattered over 700000 km2 of the southern Pacific Ocean. The sovereign state has a population of 100,651 people, of whom 70% reside on the main island of Tongatapu.

Tonga stretches across approximately 800 km in a north-south line. It is surrounded by Fiji and Wallis and Futuna (France) to the northwest, Samoa to the northeast, Niue to the east (which is the nearest foreign territory), Kermadec (part of New Zealand) to the southwest, and New Caledonia (France) and Vanuatu to the farther west. It is about 1800 km from New Zealand's North Island.

Tonga became known in the West as the "Friendly Islands" because of the congenial reception accorded to Captain James Cook on his first visit in 1773. He arrived at the time of the ʻinasi festival, the yearly donation of the First Fruits to the Tuʻi Tonga (the islands' paramount chief) and so received an invitation to the festivities. According to the writer William Mariner, the chiefs wanted to kill Cook during the gathering but could not agree on a plan.

From 1900 to 1970, Tonga had British protected state status, with the United Kingdom looking after its foreign affairs under a Treaty of Friendship. The country never relinquished its sovereignty to any foreign power. In 2010, Tonga took a decisive path towards becoming a constitutional monarchy rather than a traditional absolute kingdom, after legislative reforms passed a course for the first partial representative elections.

In many Polynesian languages, including Tongan, the word tonga comes from fakatonga which means "southwards", as the archipelago is the southernmost group of the islands of central Polynesia. The word tonga is cognate to the Hawaiian region of Kona, meaning leeward in the Hawaiian language.

 
Currency / Language 
ISO Currency Symbol Significant figures
TOP Tongan paʻanga T$ 2
ISO Language
EN English language
TO Tongan language

Map - Tonga (Kingdom of Tonga)

Latitude / Longitude : 20° 0' 0" S / 175° 0' 0" W | Time zone : UTC+13 | Currency : TOP | Telephone : 676  

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Photograph

Tonga-Demographics-Tonga demography
Demographics
Tonga demography
Tonga-Economy-Majestic Whale Encounters8 - pic by Brandon Cole (15799763491)
Economy
Majestic Whale Encounters8 - pic by Brandon Cole (15799763491)
Tonga-Economy-Coin tonga
Economy
Coin tonga
Tonga-Economy-Nuku Island Vava'u
Economy
Nuku Island Vava'u
Tonga-Geography-Tonga sm04
Geography
Tonga sm04
Tonga-Political culture-Looters
Political culture
Looters
Tonga-Political culture-Royal Palace, Nuku'alofa
Political culture
Royal Palace, Nuku'alofa
Tonga-Politics-King George, of the Friendly Islands (1852, p.1, IX) - Copy
Politics
King George, of the Friendly Islands (1852, p.1, IX) - Copy
Tonga-History-William Mariner (1791-1853) crop
History
William Mariner (1791-1853) crop
Tonga-Political culture-Kingtupou
Political culture
Kingtupou
Tonga-Politics-George Tupou I, c. 1880s
Politics
George Tupou I, c. 1880s
Tonga-History-NL-HaNA 1.11.01.01 121 0051 Scheepsjournaal Abel Tasman 35
History
NL-HaNA 1.11.01.01 121 0051 Scheepsjournaal Abel Tasman 35
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History
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Culture
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Religion
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Tonga
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