Currency - Haitian gourde

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Haitian gourde

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The gourde or goud is the currency of Haiti. Its ISO 4217 code is HTG and it is divided into 100 centimes (French) or santim (Creole).

The word "gourde" is a French cognate for the Spanish term "gordo", from the "pesos gordos" (also known in English as "hard" pieces of eight, and in French as "piastres fortes espagnoles") in which colonial-era contracts within the Spanish sphere of influence were often denominated.

The first gourde was introduced in 1813 and replaced the livre at a rate of 1 gourde = 8 livres and 5 sous.

The first issues of coins were silver pieces of 6, 12, and 25 centimes. In 1827, 50 and 100 centimes coins were introduced, followed by 1 and 2 centimes in 1828. In 1846 and 1850, 6¼ centimes coins were issued as well as 6 centimes pieces. In 1863, bronze coins, produced by the Heaton mint of Birmingham, were issued. These were in denominations of 5, 10 and 20 centimes and were the last coins of the first gourde.

The governments of Haiti issued paper money in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 25, 50, 100, 500, and 1,000 gourdes.

In 1870 the gourde was revalued at a rate of ten to one. Only banknotes were issued for this second gourde, with the government issuing notes of 10 and 25 gourdes.

Country

Haiti

Haiti (disambiguation)

Haiti (Haïti ; Ayiti ), officially the Republic of Haiti (République d'Haïti; Repiblik Ayiti) and formerly called Hayti, is a country located on the island of Hispaniola, east of Cuba in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea. It occupies the western three-eighths of the island, which it shares with the Dominican Republic. Haiti is 27750 km2 in size and has an estimated million people, making it the most populous country in the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and the second-most populous country in the Caribbean as a whole.

Language

Haitian gourde (English)  Gourde haitiano (Italiano)  Haïtiaanse gourde (Nederlands)  Gourde (Français)  Gourde (Deutsch)  Gourde (Português)  Гаитянский гурд (Русский)  Gourde (Español)  Gourde (Polski)  海地古德 (中文)  Gourde (Svenska)  グールド (日本語)  Гаїтянський гурд (Українська)  아이티 구르드 (한국어)  Haitin gourde (Suomi)  Gourde Haiti (Bahasa Indonesia)  Gurdas (Lietuvių)  Gourde (Dansk)  Haitský gourde (Česky)  Gourde (Türkçe)  Хаићански гурд (Српски / Srpski)  Haiti gourde (Magyar)  Haićanski gourd (Hrvatski)  Γκουρντ (Ελληνικά) 
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