Language - Dhivehi language

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Dhivehi language

Maldivian, also known as Dhivehi or Divehi (ދިވެހި, ' or ދިވެހިބަސް, ', ), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in the South Asian island country of Maldives; it is the language of Maldivians, an Indo-Aryan ethnic group native to the country. It is also the first language of nearly 10,000 people on the island of Minicoy in the Union territory of Lakshadweep, India, where the Mahl dialect of the Maldivian language is spoken.

Maldivian is closely related to the Sinhalese language of Sri Lanka.

The ethnic autonym for the language, Divehi, is occasionally found in English as Dhivehi (spelled according to the locally used Malé Latin for romanization of the Maldivian language), which is the official spelling as well as the common usage in the Maldives. Maldivian is written in the Thaana script.

The major dialects of Maldivian are Malé, Huvadhu, Mulaku, Addu, Haddhunmathee, and Maliku. The standard form of Maldivian is Malé, which is spoken in the Maldivian capital of the same name. The Maliku dialect spoken in Minicoy is officially referred to as Mahl by the Lakshadweep administration. This has been adopted by many authors when referring to Maldivian spoken in Minicoy.

Maldivian is a descendent of Elu Prakrit and is closely related to the Sinhalese language, but not mutually intelligible with it. Many languages have influenced the development of the Maldivian language through the ages, most importantly Arabic. Others include French, Persian, Portuguese, Hindustani, and English. The English words atoll (a ring of coral islands or reefs) and dhoni (a vessel for inter-atoll navigation) are anglicised forms of the Maldivian words ' and '.

The origin of the word "Divehi" is Div+vehi meaning "Islanders" (from Sanskrit Dvīpa). Bas means "language" (from Sanskrit Bhāṣā), so means "Islanders' language". Harry Charles Purvis Bell, one of the first Dhivehi linguists, called it Divehi. This was consistent with Maldives, the name of the country, for the -dives of Maldives and the word Divehi have the same root, Old Indo-Aryan dvīpa "island".

Wilhelm Geiger, a German linguist who undertook the first research on Maldivian linguistics in the early 20th century, also called the language Divehi. An h was added to the name of the language— "Dhivehi"— in 1976, when the semi-official transliteration called Malé Latin was developed. Today the spelling with an h is both common and official usage in the Maldives.

Country

Maldives

The Maldives (, ; ދިވެހިރާއްޖެ Dhivehi Raajje), officially the Republic of Maldives, is an Asian country, located in the Indian Ocean, situated in the Arabian Sea. It lies southwest of Sri Lanka and India, about 1000 km from the Asian continent. The chain of 26 atolls stretches from Ihavandhippolhu Atoll in the north to the Addu City in the south. Comprising a territory spanning roughly 298 km2, the Maldives is one of the world's most geographically dispersed sovereign states as well as the smallest Asian country by land area and population, with around inhabitants. Malé is the capital and a populated city, traditionally called the "King's Island" for its central location.

The Maldives archipelago is located on the Chagos-Laccadive Ridge, a vast submarine mountain range in the Indian Ocean, which also forms a terrestrial ecoregion, together with the Chagos Archipelago and Lakshadweep. With an average ground-level elevation of 1.5 m above sea level, it is the world's lowest country, with even its highest natural point being the lowest in the world, at 5.1 m. Due to the consequent risks posed by rising sea levels, the government pledged in 2009 to make the Maldives a carbon-neutral country by 2019.

Language

Dhivehi language (English)  Lingua maldiviana (Italiano)  Divehi (Nederlands)  Maldivien (Français)  Dhivehi (Deutsch)  Língua divehi (Português)  Мальдивский язык (Русский)  Idioma maldivo (Español)  Język malediwski (Polski)  迪维西语 (中文)  Divehi (Svenska)  Limba dhivehi (Română)  ディベヒ語 (日本語)  Мальдівська мова (Українська)  Дивехи (Български)  디베히어 (한국어)  Divehin kieli (Suomi)  Bahasa Divehi (Bahasa Indonesia)  Maldyvų kalba (Lietuvių)  Dhivehi (Dansk)  Maledivština (Česky)  Maldivce (Türkçe)  Maldiivi keel (Eesti)  Maldivčina (Slovenčina)  Maldív nyelv (Magyar)  ภาษามัลดีฟส์ (ไทย)  Maldīviešu valoda (Latviešu)  Γλώσσα Ντιβέχι (Ελληνικά)  Tiếng Dhivehi (Tiếng Việt) 
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