Language - Gaelic language

Language  >  Gaelic language

Gaelic language

Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig ) or Scots Gaelic, sometimes also referred to simply as Gaelic, is a Celtic language native to the Gaels of Scotland. A member of the Goidelic branch of the Celtic languages, Scottish Gaelic, like Modern Irish and Manx, developed out of Middle Irish. Most of modern Scotland was once Gaelic-speaking, as evidenced especially by Gaelic-language placenames.

In the 2011 census of Scotland, 57,375 people (1.1% of the Scottish population aged over three years old) reported as able to speak Gaelic, 1,275 fewer than in 2001. The highest percentages of Gaelic speakers were in the Outer Hebrides. Only about half of speakers were fully fluent in the language. Nevertheless, there are revival efforts, and the number of speakers of the language under age 20 did not decrease between the 2001 and 2011 censuses. Outside Scotland, Canadian Gaelic is spoken mainly in Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island.

Scottish Gaelic is not an official language of either the European Union or the United Kingdom. However, it is classed as an indigenous language under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages, which the British government has ratified, and the Gaelic Language (Scotland) Act 2005 established a language development body, Bòrd na Gàidhlig.

Aside from "Scottish Gaelic", the language may also be referred to simply as "Gaelic", pronounced or in English. "Gaelic" may also refer to the Irish language.

Scottish Gaelic is distinct from Scots, the Middle English-derived language varieties which had come to be spoken in most of the Lowlands of Scotland by the early modern era. Prior to the 15th century, these dialects were known as Inglis ("English") by its own speakers, with Gaelic being called Scottis ("Scottish"). From the late 15th century, however, it became increasingly common for such speakers to refer to Scottish Gaelic as Erse ("Irish") and the Lowland vernacular as Scottis. Today, Scottish Gaelic is recognised as a separate language from Irish, so the word Erse in reference to Scottish Gaelic is no longer used.

Country

United Kingdom

The United Kingdom (UK ), officially the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, informally as Britain, is a sovereign country lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. With an area of 242500 km2, the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world. It is also the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.

The UK is a unitary parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy. The current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state. The United Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include Manchester, Birmingham, Leeds, Glasgow and Liverpool.

Language

Gaelic language (English)  Lingua gaelica scozzese (Italiano)  Schots-Gaelisch (Nederlands)  Gaélique écossais (Français)  Schottisch-gälische Sprache (Deutsch)  Língua gaélica escocesa (Português)  Шотландский язык (Русский)  Gaélico escocés (Español)  Język gaelicki szkocki (Polski)  苏格兰盖尔语 (中文)  Skotsk gäliska (Svenska)  Limba scoțiană (Română)  スコットランド・ゲール語 (日本語)  Шотландська ґельська мова (Українська)  Шотландски келтски език (Български)  스코틀랜드 게일어 (한국어)  Gaeli (Suomi)  Bahasa Gaelik Skotlandia (Bahasa Indonesia)  Škotų geilų kalba (Lietuvių)  Skotsk gælisk (Dansk)  Skotská gaelština (Česky)  İskoçça (Türkçe)  Шкотски гелски језик (Српски / Srpski)  Gaeli keel (Eesti)  Škótska gaelčina (Slovenčina)  Skót gael nyelv (Magyar)  Škotski gaelski jezik (Hrvatski)  Škotska gelščina (Slovenščina)  Skotu gēlu valoda (Latviešu)  Σκωτική Γαελική γλώσσα (Ελληνικά)  Tiếng Gael Scotland (Tiếng Việt) 
 mapnall@gmail.com