Language - Georgian language

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Georgian language

Georgian (ქართული ენა, translit.:, ) is a Kartvelian language spoken by Georgians. It is the official language of Georgia. Georgian is written in its own writing system, the Georgian script. Georgian is the literary language for all regional subgroups of Georgians, including those who speak other Kartvelian languages: Svans, Mingrelians and the Laz.

Georgian is the most pervasive of the Kartvelian languages, a family that also includes Svan and Megrelian (chiefly spoken in Northwest Georgia) and Laz (chiefly spoken along the Black Sea coast of Turkey, from Melyat, Rize, to the Georgian frontier).

Country

Georgia

Georgia (საქართველო, ) is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia, to the south by Turkey and Armenia, and to the southeast by Azerbaijan. The capital and largest city is Tbilisi. Georgia covers a territory of 69700 km², and its 2017 population is about 3.718 million. Georgia is a unitary semi-presidential republic, with the government elected through a representative democracy.

During the classical era, several independent kingdoms became established in what is now Georgia, such as Colchis and Iberia. The Georgians adopted Christianity in the early 4th century. The common belief had an enormous importance for spiritual and political unification of early Georgian states. A unified Kingdom of Georgia reached its Golden Age during the reign of King David IV and Queen Tamar in the 12th and early 13th centuries. Thereafter, the kingdom declined and eventually disintegrated under hegemony of various regional powers, including the Mongols, the Ottoman Empire, and successive dynasties of Iran. In the late 18th century, the eastern Georgian Kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti forged an alliance with the Russian Empire, which directly annexed the kingdom in 1801 and conquered the western Kingdom of Imereti in 1810. Russian rule over Georgia was eventually acknowledged in various peace treaties with Iran and the Ottomans and the remaining Georgian territories were absorbed by the Russian Empire in a piecemeal fashion in the course of the 19th century. During the Civil War following the Russian Revolution in 1917, Georgia briefly became part of the Transcaucasian Federation and then emerged as an independent republic before the Red Army invasion in 1921 which established a government of workers' and peasants' soviets. Soviet Georgia would be incorporated into a new Transcaucasian Federation which in 1922 would be a founding republic of the Soviet Union. In 1936, the Transcaucasian Federation was dissolved and Georgia emerged as a Union Republic. During the Great Patriotic War, almost 700,000 Georgians fought in the Red Army against the German invaders. After Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, a native Georgian, died in 1953, a wave of protest spread against Nikita Khrushchev and his de-Stalinization reforms, leading to the death of nearly one hundred students in 1956. From that time on, Georgia would become marred with blatant corruption and increased alienation of the government from the people.

Language

Georgian language (English)  Lingua georgiana (Italiano)  Georgisch (Nederlands)  Géorgien (Français)  Georgische Sprache (Deutsch)  Língua georgiana (Português)  Грузинский язык (Русский)  Idioma georgiano (Español)  Język gruziński (Polski)  格鲁吉亚语 (中文)  Georgiska (Svenska)  Limba georgiană (Română)  グルジア語 (日本語)  Грузинська мова (Українська)  Грузински език (Български)  조지아어 (한국어)  Georgian kieli (Suomi)  Bahasa Georgia (Bahasa Indonesia)  Gruzinų kalba (Lietuvių)  Georgisk (Dansk)  Gruzínština (Česky)  Gürcüce (Türkçe)  Грузински језик (Српски / Srpski)  Gruusia keel (Eesti)  Gruzínčina (Slovenčina)  Grúz nyelv (Magyar)  Gruzijski jezik (Hrvatski)  ภาษาจอร์เจีย (ไทย)  Gruzinščina (Slovenščina)  Gruzīnu valoda (Latviešu)  Γεωργιανή γλώσσα (Ελληνικά)  Tiếng Gruzia (Tiếng Việt) 
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