Language - Inuktitut

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Inuktitut

Inuktitut (, syllabics ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ; from, "person" + -titut, "like", "in the manner of"), also Eastern Canadian Inuktitut, is one of the principal Inuit languages of Canada. It is spoken in all areas north of the tree line, including parts of the provinces of Newfoundland and Labrador, Quebec, to some extent in northeastern Manitoba as well as the Northwest Territories and Nunavut. It is one of the aboriginal languages written with Canadian Aboriginal syllabics.

It is recognised as an official language in Nunavut alongside Inuinnaqtun, and both languages are known collectively as Inuktut. Further, it is recognized as one of eight official native tongues in the Northwest Territories. It also has legal recognition in Nunavik—a part of Quebec—thanks in part to the James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement, and is recognised in the Charter of the French Language as the official language of instruction for Inuit school districts there. It also has some recognition in Nunatsiavut—the Inuit area in Labrador—following the ratification of its agreement with the government of Canada and the province of Newfoundland and Labrador. The Canadian census reports that there are roughly 35,000 Inuktitut speakers in Canada, including roughly 200 who live regularly outside traditionally Inuit lands.

The term Inuktitut is often used more broadly to include Inuvialuktun and thus nearly all the Inuit dialects of Canada.

Country

Canada

Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 e6km2, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Canada's southern border with the United States is the world's longest bi-national land border. Its capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver. As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land area being dominated by forest and tundra. Consequently, its population is highly urbanized, with over 80 percent of its inhabitants concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, many near the southern border. Canada's climate varies widely across its vast area, ranging from arctic weather in the north, to hot summers in the southern regions, with four distinct seasons.

Various indigenous peoples have inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years prior to European colonization. Beginning in the 16th century, British and French expeditions explored, and later settled, along the Atlantic coast. As a consequence of various armed conflicts, France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces. This began an accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom. This widening autonomy was highlighted by the Statute of Westminster of 1931 and culminated in the Canada Act of 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament.

Language

Inuktitut (English)  Lingua inuktitut (Italiano)  Inuktitut (Nederlands)  Inuktitut (Français)  Inuktitut (Deutsch)  Língua inuktitut (Português)  Инуктитут (Русский)  Lenguas inuit (Español)  Inuktitut (Polski)  伊努克提圖特語 (中文)  Inuktitut (Svenska)  イヌクティトゥット語 (日本語)  Інуктитут (Українська)  Инуктитут (Български)  이누크티투트어 (한국어)  Inuktitut (Suomi)  Bahasa Inuktitut (Bahasa Indonesia)  Inuktitutas (Lietuvių)  Inuktitut (Dansk)  Inuktitutština (Česky)  Doğu Kanada İnuitçesi (Türkçe)  Inuktituti keel (Eesti)  Inuktitut nyelv (Magyar)  Inuītu valoda (Latviešu)  Ινουκτιτούτ (Ελληνικά)  Tiếng Inuktitut (Tiếng Việt) 
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