Language - Irish language

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Irish language

Irish (Gaeilge) is a Goidelic (Gaelic) language originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people. Irish is spoken as a first language in substantial areas of counties Galway, Kerry, Cork and Donegal, smaller areas of Waterford, Mayo and Meath, and a few other locations, and as a second language by a larger group of non-habitual speakers across the country.

Irish has been the predominant language of the Irish people for most of their recorded history, and they brought it with them to other regions, notably Scotland and the Isle of Man, where Middle Irish gave rise to Scottish Gaelic and Manx respectively. It has the oldest vernacular literature in Western Europe.

Irish has constitutional status as the national and first official language of the Republic of Ireland and is an officially recognised minority language in Northern Ireland. It is also among the official languages of the European Union. The public body Foras na Gaeilge is responsible for the promotion of the language throughout the island of Ireland.

Country

Ireland

Ireland (Éire ; Ulster-Scots: Airlann ) is an island in the North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George's Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.

Politically, Ireland is divided between the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is part of the United Kingdom. In 2011, the population of Ireland was about 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after Great Britain. Just under 4.8 million live in the Republic of Ireland and just over 1.8 million live in Northern Ireland.

Language

Irish language (English)  Lingua irlandese (Italiano)  Iers (Nederlands)  Irlandais (Français)  Irische Sprache (Deutsch)  Língua irlandesa (Português)  Ирландский язык (Русский)  Idioma irlandés (Español)  Język irlandzki (Polski)  愛爾蘭語 (中文)  Iriska (Svenska)  Limba irlandeză (Română)  アイルランド語 (日本語)  Ірландська мова (Українська)  Ирландски език (Български)  아일랜드어 (한국어)  Iiri (Suomi)  Bahasa Irlandia (Bahasa Indonesia)  Airių kalba (Lietuvių)  Irsk (Dansk)  Irština (Česky)  İrlandaca (Türkçe)  Ирски језик (Српски / Srpski)  Iiri keel (Eesti)  Írčina (Slovenčina)  Ír nyelv (Magyar)  Irski jezik (Hrvatski)  ภาษาไอริช (ไทย)  Irska gelščina (Slovenščina)  Īru valoda (Latviešu)  Ιρλανδική γλώσσα (Ελληνικά)  Tiếng Ireland (Tiếng Việt) 
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