Language - Lao language

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Lao language

Lao, sometimes referred to as Laotian (ລາວ Lao or ພາສາລາວ Lao language), is a Kra–Dai language and the language of the ethnic Lao people. It is spoken in Laos, where it is the official language, as well as northeast Thailand, where it is usually referred to as Isan. Lao serves as a lingua franca among all citizens of Laos, who speak approximately 90 other languages, many of which are unrelated to Lao. Modern Lao (language) is heavily influenced by the Thai language. A vast number of technical terms as well as common usage are adopted directly from Thai.

Like other Tai languages, Lao is tonal and has a complex orthography and system of relational markers. Spoken Lao is mutually intelligible with Thai and Isan, fellow Southwestern Tai languages, to such a degree that their speakers are able to effectively communicate among each other speaking their respective languages. These languages are written with slightly different scripts but are linguistically similar and effectively form a dialect continuum.

Lao is written with the Lao script, a traditional abugida. Although there is no official standard, the Vientiane dialect has become the de facto standard in the second half of the 20th century.

The Lao language is descended from Tai languages spoken in what is now southern China and northern Vietnam in areas believed to be the homeland of the language family and where several related languages are still spoken by scattered minority groups.

Due to Han Chinese expansion, Mongol invasion pressures, and a search for lands more suitable for wet rice cultivation, the Tai peoples moved south towards India, down the Mekong River valley, and as far south as the Malay Peninsula. The oral history of the migrations is preserved in the legends of Khun Borom. Tai speakers in what is now Laos pushed out or absorbed earlier groups of Austroasiatic and Austronesian languages.

Country

Laos

Laos (, ; ລາວ, Lāo ), officially the Lao People's Democratic Republic (ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ; République démocratique populaire lao), commonly referred to by its colloquial name of Muang Lao (Lao: ເມືອງລາວ, Muang Lao), is a socialist state and the only landlocked country in Southeast Asia. Located at the heart of the Indochinese peninsula, Laos is bordered by Myanmar (Burma) and China to the northwest, Vietnam to the east, Cambodia to the southwest, and Thailand to the west and southwest.

Present-day Laos traces its historic and cultural identity to the kingdom of Lan Xang Hom Khao (Kingdom of a Million Elephants Under the White Parasol), which existed for four centuries as one of the largest kingdoms in Southeast Asia. Due to Lan Xang's central geographical location in Southeast Asia, the kingdom became a popular hub for overland trade, becoming wealthy economically as well as culturally. After a period of internal conflict, Lan Xang broke off into three separate kingdoms—Luang Phrabang, Vientiane and Champasak. In 1893, it became a French protectorate, with the three territories uniting to form what is now known as the country of Laos. It briefly gained independence in 1945 after Japanese occupation, but was recolonised by France until it won autonomy in 1949. Laos became independent in 1953, with a constitutional monarchy under Sisavang Vong. Shortly after independence, a long civil war began, which saw the communist resistance, supported by the Soviet Union, fight against, first, the monarchy and then a number of military dictatorships, supported by the United States. After the Vietnam War ended in 1975, the Communist Pathet Lao movement came to power, seeing the end to the civil war. During the first years of Communist rule, Laos was dependent on military and economic aid supported by the Soviet Union until its dissolution in 1991.

Language

Lao language (English)  Lingua lao (Italiano)  Laotiaans (Nederlands)  Lao (Français)  Laotische Sprache (Deutsch)  Língua laociana (Português)  Лаосский язык (Русский)  Idioma lao (Español)  Język laotański (Polski)  老挝语 (中文)  Lao (Svenska)  Limba laoțiană (Română)  ラーオ語 (日本語)  Лаоська мова (Українська)  Лаоски език (Български)  라오어 (한국어)  Laon kieli (Suomi)  Bahasa Laos (Bahasa Indonesia)  Lao (Lietuvių)  Laoština (Česky)  Laoca (Türkçe)  Лаоски језик (Српски / Srpski)  Lao keel (Eesti)  Laoština (Slovenčina)  Lao nyelv (Magyar)  Laoski jezik (Hrvatski)  ภาษาลาว (ไทย)  Laosiešu valoda (Latviešu)  Λαοτινή γλώσσα (Ελληνικά)  Tiếng Lào (Tiếng Việt) 
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