Language - Latvian language

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Latvian language

Latvian (Latviešu valoda ) is a Baltic language spoken in the Baltic region. It is the language of Latvians and the official language of Latvia as well as one of the official languages of the European Union. It is sometimes known in English as Lettish, and cognates of the word remain the most commonly used name for the Latvian language in Germanic languages other than English. There are about 1.3 million native Latvian speakers in Latvia and 100,000 abroad. Altogether, 2 million, or 80% of the population of Latvia, speak Latvian. Of those, 1.16 million or 56% use it as their primary language at home. The use of the Latvian language in various areas of social life in Latvia is increasing.

As a Baltic language, Latvian is most closely related to neighboring Lithuanian. In addition, there is some disagreement whether Latgalian and Kursenieki, which are mutually intelligible with Latvian, should be considered varieties or separate languages.

Latvian first appeared in Western print in the mid-16th century with the reproduction of the Lord's Prayer in Latvian in Sebastian Münster's Cosmographia Universalis (1544), in Latin script.

Latvian belongs to the Baltic branch of the Indo-European language family. It is one of two living Baltic languages with an official status (the other being Lithuanian). The Latvian and Lithuanian languages have retained many features of the nominal morphology of the proto-language, though in matters of phonology and verbal morphology, they show many innovations, with Latvian being considerably more innovative than Lithuanian.



Latvia ( or ; Latvija ), officially the Republic of Latvia (Latvijas Republika), is a country in the Baltic region of Northern Europe. Since its independence, Latvia has been referred to as one of the Baltic states. It is bordered by Estonia to the north, Lithuania to the south, Russia to the east, and Belarus to the southeast, and shares a maritime border with Sweden to the west. Latvia has 1,957,200 inhabitants and a territory of 64589 km2. The country has a temperate seasonal climate.

After centuries of Swedish, Polish and Russian rule, a rule mainly executed by the Baltic German aristocracy, the Republic of Latvia was established on 18 November 1918 when it broke away and declared independence in the aftermath of World War I. However, by the 1930s the country became increasingly autocratic after the coup in 1934 establishing an authoritarian regime under Kārlis Ulmanis. The country's de facto independence was interrupted at the outset of World War II, beginning with Latvia's forcible incorporation into the Soviet Union, followed by the invasion and occupation by Nazi Germany in 1941, and the re-occupation by the Soviets in 1944 (Courland Pocket in 1945) to form the Latvian SSR for the next 45 years.


Latvian language (English)  Lingua lettone (Italiano)  Lets (Nederlands)  Letton (Français)  Lettische Sprache (Deutsch)  Língua letã (Português)  Латышский язык (Русский)  Idioma letón (Español)  Język łotewski (Polski)  拉脱维亚语 (中文)  Lettiska (Svenska)  Limba letonă (Română)  ラトビア語 (日本語)  Латиська мова (Українська)  Латвийски език (Български)  라트비아어 (한국어)  Latvian kieli (Suomi)  Bahasa Latvi (Bahasa Indonesia)  Latvių kalba (Lietuvių)  Lettisk (Dansk)  Lotyština (Česky)  Letonca (Türkçe)  Летонски језик (Српски / Srpski)  Läti keel (Eesti)  Lotyština (Slovenčina)  Lett nyelv (Magyar)  Letonski jezik (Hrvatski)  ภาษาลัตเวีย (ไทย)  Latvijščina (Slovenščina)  Latviešu valoda (Latviešu)  Λετονική γλώσσα (Ελληνικά)  Tiếng Latvia (Tiếng Việt)