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Malagasy language

Malagasy is an Austronesian language and the national language of Madagascar. Most people in Madagascar speak it as a first language as do some people of Malagasy descent elsewhere.

The Malagasy language is the westernmost member of the Malayo-Polynesian branch of the Austronesian language family. Its distinctiveness from nearby African languages was already noted in 1708 by the Dutch scholar Adriaan Reland.

It is related to the Malayo-Polynesian languages of Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines, and specifically to the East Barito languages spoken in Borneo, with apparent influence from early Old Malay. There appears to be a Bantu influence or substratum in Malagasy phonotactics (Dahl 1988).



Madagascar (Madagasikara), officially the Republic of Madagascar (Repoblikan'i Madagasikara ; République de Madagascar), and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, approximately 250 miles off the coast of East Africa. The nation comprises the island of Madagascar (the fourth-largest island in the world) and numerous smaller peripheral islands. Following the prehistoric breakup of the supercontinent Gondwana, Madagascar split from the Indian subcontinent around 88 million years ago, allowing native plants and animals to evolve in relative isolation. Consequently, Madagascar is a biodiversity hotspot; over 90% of its wildlife is found nowhere else on Earth. The island's diverse ecosystems and unique wildlife are threatened by the encroachment of the rapidly growing human population and other environmental threats.

The first archaeological evidence for human foraging on Madagascar may have occurred as much as 10,000 years ago. Human settlement of Madagascar occurred between 350 BC and 550 AD by Austronesian peoples, arriving on outrigger canoes from Borneo. These were joined around the 9th century AD by Bantu migrants crossing the Mozambique Channel from East Africa. Other groups continued to settle on Madagascar over time, each one making lasting contributions to Malagasy cultural life. The Malagasy ethnic group is often divided into 18 or more subgroups, of which the largest are the Merina of the central highlands.


Malagasy language (English)  Lingua malgascia (Italiano)  Malagasitalen (Nederlands)  Malgache (Français)  Malagasy (Deutsch)  Língua malgaxe (Português)  Малагасийский язык (Русский)  Idioma malgache (Español)  Język malgaski (Polski)  马拉加斯语 (中文)  Malagassiska (Svenska)  Limba malgașă (Română)  マダガスカル語 (日本語)  Малагасійська мова (Українська)  Малгашки език (Български)  말라가시어 (한국어)  Malagassi (Suomi)  Bahasa Malagasi (Bahasa Indonesia)  Malagasių kalba (Lietuvių)  Malagassisk (Dansk)  Malgaština (Česky)  Malgaşça (Türkçe)  Малгашки језик (Српски / Srpski)  Malagassi keel (Eesti)  Malgaški jezik (Hrvatski)  ภาษามาลากาซี (ไทย)  Malgašu valoda (Latviešu)  Μαλαγασική γλώσσα (Ελληνικά)  Tiếng Malagasy (Tiếng Việt)