Language - Rundi language

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Rundi language

Kirundi, also known as Rundi, is a Bantu language spoken by 9 million people in Burundi and adjacent parts of Tanzania and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, as well as in Uganda. It is the official language of Burundi. Kirundi is mutually intelligible with Kinyarwanda, an official language of Rwanda, and the two form part of the wider dialect continuum known as Rwanda-Rundi.

The inhabitants of Rwanda and Burundi belong to several different ethnic groups: Hutu, including Bakiga and other related ethnicities (84%), Tutsi, including Hima (15%) and Twa (1%) (a pygmy people). Kirundi is natively spoken by the Hutu, although the other ethnic groups present in the country such as Tutsi, Twa and Hima among others have adopted the language. Neighbouring dialects of Kirundi are mutually intelligible with Ha, a language spoken in western Tanzania.

Kirundi is frequently cited as a language where Meeussen's rule, a rule describing a certain pattern of tonal change in Bantu languages, is active.



Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi (Republika y'Uburundi, ; undefined, or ), is a landlocked country amid the African Great Lakes region where East and Central Africa converge. The capital is Gitega, having moved from Bujumbura in December 2018. The southwestern border is adjacent to Lake Tanganyika.

The Twa, Hutu and Tutsi peoples have lived in Burundi for at least 500 years. For more than 200 of those years, Burundi was an independent kingdom, until the beginning of the 20th century, when Germany colonised the region. After the First World War and Germany's defeat, it ceded the territory to Belgium. Both Germans and Belgians ruled Burundi and Rwanda as a European colony known as Ruanda-Urundi. Despite common misconceptions, Burundi and Rwanda had never been under common rule until the time of European colonisation.


Rundi language (English)  Lingua kirundi (Italiano)  Kirundi (Nederlands)  Kirundi (Français)  Kirundi (Deutsch)  Língua kirundi (Português)  Рунди (Русский)  Kirundi (Español)  Język rundi (Polski)  基隆迪语 (中文)  Kirundi (Svenska)  ルンディ語 (日本語)  Кірунді (Українська)  Рунди (Български)  키룬디어 (한국어)  Kirundi (Suomi)  Bahasa Kirundi (Bahasa Indonesia)  Kirundi (Lietuvių)  Kirundi (Česky)  Rundice (Türkçe)  Rundi keel (Eesti)  Kirundi nyelv (Magyar)  Rundi jezik (Hrvatski)  Kirundi (Latviešu)  Tiếng Kirundi (Tiếng Việt)