National flag - Flag of Albania

National flag  >  Flag of Albania

Flag of Albania

The flag of Albania (Albanian: flamuri i Shqipërisë) is a red flag with a silhouetted black double-headed eagle in the center. The red stands for bravery, strength and valor, while the double-headed eagle represents the sovereign state of Albania. The flag was established as the national flag of Albania when the country gained its independence from the Ottoman empire in 1912.

During John Hunyadi's campaign at Niss in 1443, Skanderberg and a few hundred Albanians defected from the Turkish ranks; for twenty-five years he scored remarkable victories against the Ottomans. He adopted the Byzantine double-headed eagle flag, and his spectacular victories brought him the papal title Athleta Christi. The eagle was used for heraldic purposes in the Middle Ages by a number of noble families in Albania and became the symbol of the Albanians. The Kastrioti's coat of arms, depicting a black double-headed eagle on a red field, became famous when he led a revolt against the Ottoman Empire resulting in the independence of Albania from 1443 to 1479. This was the flag of the League of Lezhë, which was the first unified Albanian state in the Middle Ages and the oldest Parliament with extant records.

The symbol of the double-headed eagle was re-used by Albanian nationalists during the 18th, 19th and early 20th centuries as a symbol of their campaign for their country's independence from the Ottoman Empire. On 28 November 1912, the Albanian Declaration of Independence was proclaimed in Vlora and the flag, raised by Ismail Qemali, was adopted as the symbol of the new nation.

The Albanian flag has gone through a number of changes over the years as different regimes have modified it. During the reign of King Zog (r. 1928–1939), a crown was added to the flag and was replaced by two fasces during the Italian occupation of Albania. After World War II, the communist regime added a five-pointed golden star, which was removed on 7 April 1992 after the communist government in Albania collapsed.

Albania's maritime flags—the civil ensign and the naval ensign—are both different from the national flag. The civil ensign consists of three horizontal bands of red, black, and red. The naval ensign is similar to the national flag, except that the eagle is on a white field, and the lower portion of the flag has a red stripe. The eagle of the flag of Albania is depicted on the reverse of the Albanian five lekë coin, issued in 1995 and 2000.

Beginning in 1969, the flag of Albania was widely unofficially flown in Kosovo by the country's ethnic Albanian population. It was the symbol of the unrecognized Republic of Kosova during the 1990s. The current independent state of Kosovo uses a different flag that was designed to avoid any symbols associated with a particular ethnic group.

Color scheme

The color approximation is listed below:

National flag 
Flag of Albania

Country - Albania

Albania (Shqipëri or Shqipëria; ), officially the Republic of Albania (Republika e Shqipërisë, ), is a country in Southeast Europe on the Adriatic and Ionian Sea within the Mediterranean Sea. It shares land borders with Montenegro to the northwest, Kosovo to the northeast, North Macedonia to the east, Greece to the south and a maritime border with Italy to the west.

Geographically, the country displays varied climatic, geological, hydrological and morphological conditions, defined in an area of 28748 sqkm. It possesses remarkable diversity with the landscape ranging from the snow-capped mountains in the Albanian Alps as well as the Korab, Skanderbeg, Pindus and Ceraunian Mountains to the hot and sunny coasts of the Albanian Adriatic and Ionian Sea along the Mediterranean Sea.
Neighbourhood - Country  

  •  Greece 
  •  Kosovo 
  •  Montenegro 
  •  Republic of Macedonia 
  •  Serbia 

Language

Flag of Albania (English)  Bandiera dell'Albania (Italiano)  Vlag van Albanië (Nederlands)  Drapeau de l'Albanie (Français)  Flagge Albaniens (Deutsch)  Bandeira da Albânia (Português)  Флаг Албании (Русский)  Bandera de Albania (Español)  Flaga Albanii (Polski)  阿尔巴尼亚国旗 (中文)  Albaniens flagga (Svenska)  Drapelul Albaniei (Română)  アルバニアの国旗 (日本語)  Прапор Албанії (Українська)  Национално знаме на Албания (Български)  알바니아의 국기 (한국어)  Albanian lippu (Suomi)  Bendera Albania (Bahasa Indonesia)  Albanijos vėliava (Lietuvių)  Albaniens flag (Dansk)  Albánská vlajka (Česky)  Arnavutluk bayrağı (Türkçe)  Застава Албаније (Српски / Srpski)  Albaania lipp (Eesti)  Vlajka Albánska (Slovenčina)  Albánia zászlaja (Magyar)  Zastava Albanije (Hrvatski)  ธงชาติแอลเบเนีย (ไทย)  Albānijas karogs (Latviešu)  Σημαία της Αλβανίας (Ελληνικά)  Quốc kỳ Albania (Tiếng Việt) 
 mapnall@gmail.com