National flag - Flag of Brunei

National flag  >  Flag of Brunei

Flag of Brunei

The flag of Brunei has a centered crest of Brunei on a yellow field cut by black and white diagonal stripes (parallelograms at an angle). The yellow field represents the sultan of Brunei. The red crest consists of a crescent facing upwards, joined with a parasol, with hands on the sides. Black and white stripes run across the flag.

In Southeast Asia, yellow is traditionally the color of royalty, and the royal standards of Malaysia and Thailand, and the flag of Sarawak, along with the presidential flag of Indonesia, all use a yellow field as well. The crescent symbolizes Islam, the parasol symbolizes monarchy, and the hands at the side symbolize the benevolence of the government. The black and white stripes represent Brunei's chief ministers who were once joint-regents and then – after the sultan came of age – senior advisors: the Pengiran Bendahara (First Minister, symbolised by a slightly thicker white stripe) and the Pengiran Pemancha (Second Minister, governing foreign affairs, symbolised by black), with the white stripe being roughly 12% wider than the black one.

On the crescent is the national motto in Arabic: “Always render service with God's guidance” (الدائمون المحسنون بالهدى). Below this is a banner inscribed with Brunei Darussalam, which means ‘Brunei, the Abode of Peace’ (بروني دارالسلام‎)

The flag in its present form, except for the crest, has been in use since 1906 when Brunei became a British protectorate, following the signing of an agreement between Brunei and Great Britain. Even though Brunei was only nominally independent after this, Bruneians retained certain symbols, like the flag.

The crest was superimposed in 1959 after the promulgation of the Constitution of 29 September 1959.

The design was retained when the country gained full independence on 1 January 1984 as Brunei Darussalam (Brunei, Abode of Peace).

The standard of Her Majesty the Raja Isteri is light yellow, incorporating the Sultan's crest on red background at the centre of the standard.

The Perdana Wazir has also a personal standard granted to him by His Majesty the Sultan. The standard is white superimposed in the centre with the state crest in light yellow. The crest is supported by si kikil, a kris crossed by its sheath.

The personal standards of the Pengiran Bendahara, Pengiran Digadong, Pengiran Pemancha and Pengiran Temenggong (senior ministers) are white, green, black and red respectively.

The Sultan had also bestowed personal flags to lesser officials known as Pengiran Cheteria and to Pengiran and other subjects.
National flag 
Flag of Brunei

Country - Brunei

Brunei, officially the Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace (Negara Brunei Darussalam, Jawi: ), is a country located on the north coast of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia. Apart from its coastline with the South China Sea, the country is completely surrounded by the Malaysian state of Sarawak. It is separated into two parts by the Sarawak district of Limbang. Brunei is the only sovereign state completely on the island of Borneo; the remainder of the island's territory is divided between the nations of Malaysia and Indonesia. Brunei's population was in.

At the peak of the Bruneian Empire, Sultan Bolkiah (reigned 1485–1528) is alleged to have had control over most regions of Borneo, including modern-day Sarawak and Sabah, as well as the Sulu Archipelago off the northeast tip of Borneo, Seludong (modern-day Manila), and the islands off the northwest tip of Borneo. The maritime state was visited by Spain's Magellan Expedition in 1521 and fought against Spain in the 1578 Castilian War.
Neighbourhood - Country  

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Language

Flag of Brunei (English)  Bandiera del Brunei (Italiano)  Vlag van Brunei (Nederlands)  Drapeau de Brunei (Français)  Flagge Bruneis (Deutsch)  Bandeira do Brunei (Português)  Флаг Брунея (Русский)  Bandera de Brunéi (Español)  Flaga Brunei (Polski)  文萊國旗 (中文)  Bruneis flagga (Svenska)  ブルネイの国旗 (日本語)  Прапор Брунею (Українська)  Национално знаме на Бруней (Български)  브루나이의 국기 (한국어)  Brunein lippu (Suomi)  Bendera Brunei (Bahasa Indonesia)  Brunėjaus vėliava (Lietuvių)  Bruneis flag (Dansk)  Brunejská vlajka (Česky)  Brunei bayrağı (Türkçe)  Застава Брунеја (Српски / Srpski)  Brunei lipp (Eesti)  Vlajka Bruneja (Slovenčina)  Brunei zászlaja (Magyar)  Zastava Bruneja (Hrvatski)  ธงชาติบรูไนดารุสซาลาม (ไทย)  Σημαία του Μπρουνέι (Ελληνικά)  Quốc kỳ Brunei (Tiếng Việt) 
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