National flag - Flag of Bulgaria

National flag  >  Flag of Bulgaria

Flag of Bulgaria

The flag of Bulgaria (знаме на България,, zname na Bǎlgariya) is a tricolour consisting of three equal-sized horizontal bands of (from top to bottom) white, green, and red. The flag was first adopted after the 1877–1878 Russo-Turkish War, when Bulgaria gained independence. The national flag at times was charged with the state emblem, especially during the communist era. The current flag was re-established with the 1991 Constitution of Bulgaria and was confirmed in a 1998 law.

After the liberation of Bulgaria following the Russo-Turkish War in 1878, the flag was described in the Tarnovo Constitution of 1879 as follows:

Art. 23. The Bulgarian people's flag is three-coloured and consists of white, green and red colours, placed horizontally.

From 1946 until 1990 the emblem of the People's Republic of Bulgaria was placed on the left side of the white stripe. It contained a lion within a wreath of wheat ears below a red star and above a ribbon bearing the date 9 September 1944, the day of Bulgarian coup d'état of 1944 which led to the establishment of the People's Republic of Bulgaria. In 1971, it was changed so the ribbon bearing the years 681, the year of the establishment of the First Bulgarian Empire by Asparukh and 1944.

Following the fall of communism in 1990, the then-enforced Zhivkov Constitution was amended so the flag can be reverted to the pre-communism era. The new Constitution of Bulgaria, adopted in 1991, describes the Bulgarian flag as follows:

Art. 166. The flag of the Republic of Bulgaria shall be a tricolour: white, green and red from top, placed horizontally.

A popular version of the flag, which has no official status, is also commonly known. It has the full coat of arms on the left of the flag, placed across the white and green fields only.

According to the Law for the State Seal and National Flag of the Republic of Bulgaria, promulgated on 24 April 1998:

Art. 15. (1) The national flag of the Republic of Bulgaria is a national symbol which expresses the independence and sovereignty of the Bulgarian state.

(2) The national flag of the Republic of Bulgaria is tricolour: white, green and red fields, placed horizontally from the top downwards. On fixing the national flag in a vertical situation of the carrying body the colours shall be arranged from left to right - white, green, red.
National flag 
Flag of Bulgaria

Country - Bulgaria

Bulgaria (България), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, tr. , ), is a country in Southeast Europe. It is bordered by Romania to the north, Serbia and North Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, and the Black Sea to the east. The capital and largest city is Sofia; other major cities are Plovdiv, Varna and Burgas. With a territory of 110994 km2, Bulgaria is Europe's 16th-largest country.

One of the earliest societies in the lands of modern-day Bulgaria was the Neolithic Karanovo culture, which dates back to 6,500 BC. In the 6th to 3rd century BC the region was a battleground for Thracians, Persians, Celts and ancient Macedonians; stability came when the Roman Empire conquered the region in AD 45. The Eastern Roman, or Byzantine, Empire lost some of these territories to an invading Bulgar horde in the late 7th century. The Bulgars founded the First Bulgarian Empire in AD 681, which dominated most of the Balkans and significantly influenced Slavic cultures by developing the Cyrillic script. This state lasted until the early 11th century, when Byzantine emperor Basil II conquered and dismantled it. A successful Bulgarian revolt in 1185 established a Second Bulgarian Empire, which reached its apex under Ivan Asen II (1218–1241). After numerous exhausting wars and feudal strife, the Second Bulgarian Empire disintegrated in 1396 and its territories fell under Ottoman rule for nearly five centuries.
Neighbourhood - Country  

  •  Turkey 
  •  Greece 
  •  Republic of Macedonia 
  •  Romania 
  •  Serbia 

Language

Flag of Bulgaria (English)  Bandiera della Bulgaria (Italiano)  Vlag van Bulgarije (Nederlands)  Drapeau de la Bulgarie (Français)  Flagge Bulgariens (Deutsch)  Bandeira da Bulgária (Português)  Флаг Болгарии (Русский)  Bandera de Bulgaria (Español)  Flaga Bułgarii (Polski)  保加利亚国旗 (中文)  Bulgariens flagga (Svenska)  Drapelul Bulgariei (Română)  ブルガリアの国旗 (日本語)  Прапор Болгарії (Українська)  Национално знаме на България (Български)  불가리아의 국기 (한국어)  Bulgarian lippu (Suomi)  Bendera Bulgaria (Bahasa Indonesia)  Bulgarijos vėliava (Lietuvių)  Bulgariens flag (Dansk)  Bulharská vlajka (Česky)  Bulgaristan bayrağı (Türkçe)  Застава Бугарске (Српски / Srpski)  Bulgaaria lipp (Eesti)  Vlajka Bulharska (Slovenčina)  Bulgária zászlaja (Magyar)  Zastava Bugarske (Hrvatski)  ธงชาติบัลแกเรีย (ไทย)  Bulgārijas karogs (Latviešu)  Σημαία της Βουλγαρίας (Ελληνικά)  Quốc kỳ Bulgaria (Tiếng Việt) 
 mapnall@gmail.com