National flag - Flag of Burkina Faso

National flag  >  Flag of Burkina Faso

Flag of Burkina Faso

The national flag of Burkina Faso is formed by two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and green, with a yellow five-pointed star resting in the center. In Blazon: Per fess gules and vert, a mullet of five points Or. The flag was adopted on 4 August 1984. The flag is coloured in the popular Pan-African colours of the Ethiopian flag, reflecting both a break with the country’s colonial past and its unity with other African ex-colonies. The red is also said to symbolize the revolution and the green the abundance of agricultural and natural riches. The yellow star placed over the red and green stripes is the guiding light of the revolution. The flag was adopted following the coup of 1983 which brought Thomas Sankara to power.

The current coat of arms of Burkina Faso features a shield with the national flag colors, with a scroll bearing the name "BURKINA FASO" accompanied by two stallions on each side, with an open book at the bottom. A lower banner bears the national motto in French: "Unité – Progrès – Justice" (unity, progress, justice).

The original flag of Upper Volta, adopted at independence, contained three horizontal stripes of black, white, and red. These colours represented the three major tributaries of the Volta River, which flows south through the country: the Black Volta, the White Volta and the Red Volta. It is similar to the tricolor flag used by the German Empire from 1871 to 1918. The flag was changed when Upper Volta became Burkina Faso on 4 August 1984.

From 1984 until 1997, the official Burkina Faso coat of arms used a revolutionary central crest featuring a mattock crossed with a Soviet AK-47 assault rifle, along with an open book symbolising the importance of education and the study of revolutionary principles. A lower banner declared in French, "Motherland or Death, We Shall Overcome".

National flag 
Flag of Burkina Faso

Country - Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso is a landlocked country in West Africa. It covers an area of around 274200 km2 and is surrounded by six countries: Mali to the north; Niger to the east; Benin to the southeast; Togo and Ghana to the south; and Ivory Coast to the southwest. The July 2018 population estimate by the United Nations was 19,751,651. Burkina Faso is a francophone country, with French as the official language of government and business. Roughly 40% of the population speaks the Mossi language. Formerly called the Republic of Upper Volta (1958–1984), the country was renamed "Burkina Faso" on 4 August 1984 by then-President Thomas Sankara. Its citizens are known as Burkinabé. Its capital is Ouagadougou.

The Republic of Upper Volta was established on 11 December 1958 as a self-governing colony within the French Community, and on 5 August 1960 it gained full independence, with Maurice Yaméogo as President. After protests by students and labour unions, Yaméogo was deposed in the 1966 coup d'état, led by Sangoulé Lamizana, who became President. His rule coincided with the Sahel drought and famine, and facing problems from the country's traditionally powerful trade unions he was deposed in the 1980 coup d'état, led by Saye Zerbo. Encountering resistance from trade unions again, Zerbo's government was overthrown in the 1982 coup d'état, led by Jean-Baptiste Ouédraogo. The leader of the leftist faction of Ouédraogo's government, Thomas Sankara, became Prime Minister but was later imprisoned. Efforts to free him led to the popularly-supported 1983 coup d'état, in which he became President. Sankara renamed the country Burkina Faso and launched an ambitious socioeconomic programme which included a nationwide literacy campaign, land redistribution to peasants, railway and road construction and the outlawing of female genital mutilation, forced marriages and polygamy. Sankara was overthrown and killed in the 1987 coup d'état led by Blaise Compaoré – deteriorating relations with former coloniser France and its ally the Ivory Coast were the reason given for the coup.
Neighbourhood - Country  

  •  Benin 
  •  Côte d'Ivoire 
  •  Ghana 
  •  Mali 
  •  Niger 
  •  Togo 


Flag of Burkina Faso (English)  Bandiera del Burkina Faso (Italiano)  Vlag van Burkina Faso (Nederlands)  Drapeau du Burkina Faso (Français)  Flagge Burkina Fasos (Deutsch)  Bandeira de Burkina Faso (Português)  Флаг Буркина-Фасо (Русский)  Bandera de Burkina Faso (Español)  Flaga Burkiny Faso (Polski)  布基纳法索国旗 (中文)  Burkina Fasos flagga (Svenska)  Drapelul Burkinei Faso (Română)  ブルキナファソの国旗 (日本語)  Прапор Буркіна-Фасо (Українська)  Национално знаме на Буркина Фасо (Български)  부르키나파소의 국기 (한국어)  Burkina Fason lippu (Suomi)  Bendera Burkina Faso (Bahasa Indonesia)  Burkina Faso vėliava (Lietuvių)  Burkina Fasos flag (Dansk)  Vlajka Burkiny Faso (Česky)  Burkina Faso bayrağı (Türkçe)  Застава Буркине Фасо (Српски / Srpski)  Burkina Faso lipp (Eesti)  Vlajka Burkiny (Slovenčina)  Burkina Faso zászlaja (Magyar)  Zastava Burkine Faso (Hrvatski)  ธงชาติบูร์กินาฟาโซ (ไทย)  Burkinafaso karogs (Latviešu)  Σημαία της Μπουρκίνα Φάσο (Ελληνικά)  Quốc kỳ Burkina Faso (Tiếng Việt)