National flag - Flag of Colombia

National flag  >  Flag of Colombia

Flag of Colombia

The national flag of Colombia symbolizes Colombian independence from Spain, gained on July 20, 1810. It is a horizontal tricolor of yellow, blue and red. The yellow stripe takes up the top half of the flag and the blue and red take up a quarter of the space each. It is a triband flag with horizontal bands colored yellow, blue and red. Vertically the yellow occupies 50% and the other 50% is shared by the blue and red colors in equal proportion.

The horizontal stripes (from top to bottom) of yellow, blue and red tricolor have a ratio of 2:1:1. It—together with that of Ecuador, also derived from the flag of Gran Colombia—is different from most other tricolor flags, either vertical or horizontal, in having stripes which are not equal in size. (Venezuela, whose flag is also derived from the same source, opted for a more conventional tricolor with equal stripes).

The official colors have not yet been established by law. However, it is recommended to use the following:

According to the current interpretation, the colors signify:

Although, the flag has other representatives such as blue for loyalty and vigilance, red for victory of battles for Colombian independence, and finally yellow for sovereignty and justice.

Francisco de Miranda was the person who originally created the common yellow, blue and red flag of Gran Colombia that Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela, with slight variations, share today. Miranda gave at least two sources of inspiration for his flag. In a letter written to Count Simon Romanovich Woronzoff and philosopher Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Miranda described a late-night conversation he had had with Goethe at a party in Weimar during the winter of 1785. Fascinated by Miranda's account of his exploits in the United States Revolutionary War and his travels throughout the Americas and Europe, Goethe told him that, "Your destiny is to create in your land a place where primary colors are not distorted.” He proceeded to clarify what he meant:

First he explained to me the way the iris transforms light into the three primary colours […] then he proved to me why yellow is the most warm, noble and closest to [white] light; why blue is that mix of excitement and serenity, a distance that evokes shadows; and why red is the exaltation of yellow and blue, the synthesis, the vanishing of light into shadow.

It is not that the world is made of yellows, blues and reds; it is that in this manner, as if in an infinite combination of these three colours, we human beings see it. […] A country [Goethe concluded] starts out from a name and a flag, and it then becomes them, just as a man fulfils his destiny.

After Miranda designed his flag based on this conversation, he recalled seeing a fresco by Lazzaro Tavarone in the Palazzo Belimbau in Genoa that depicted Christopher Columbus unfurling a similar-colored flag in Veragua during his fourth voyage.

In his military diary, Miranda gave another possible source of inspiration: the yellow, blue and red standard of the Burger Guard (Bürgerwache) of Hamburg, which he also saw during his travels in Germany.
National flag 
Flag of Colombia

Country - Colombia

Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia , is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America. Colombia shares a border to the northwest with Panama, to the east with Venezuela and Brazil and to the south with Ecuador and Peru. It shares its maritime limits with Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Jamaica, Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Colombia is a unitary, constitutional republic comprising thirty-two departments, with the capital in Bogota.

Colombia has been inhabited by various indigenous peoples since 12,000 BCE, including the Muisca, Quimbaya, and the Tairona. The Spanish arrived in 1499 and by the mid-16th century conquered and colonized much of the region, establishing the New Kingdom of Granada, with Santafé de Bogotá as its capital. Independence from Spain was achieved in 1819, but by 1830 the "Gran Colombia" Federation was dissolved, with what is now Colombia and Panama emerging as the Republic of New Granada. The new nation experimented with federalism as the Granadine Confederation (1858), and then the United States of Colombia (1863), before the Republic of Colombia was finally declared in 1886. Panama seceded in 1903, leading to Colombia's present borders. Beginning in the 1960s, the country suffered from an asymmetric low-intensity armed conflict and rampant political violence, both of which escalated in the 1990s. Since 2005, there has been significant improvement in security, stability, and rule of law.
Neighbourhood - Country  

  •  Panama 
  •  Brazil 
  •  Ecuador 
  •  Peru 
  •  Venezuela 


Flag of Colombia (English)  Bandiera della Colombia (Italiano)  Vlag van Colombia (Nederlands)  Drapeau de la Colombie (Français)  Flagge Kolumbiens (Deutsch)  Bandeira da Colômbia (Português)  Флаг Колумбии (Русский)  Bandera de Colombia (Español)  Flaga Kolumbii (Polski)  哥伦比亚国旗 (中文)  Colombias flagga (Svenska)  Drapelul Columbiei (Română)  コロンビアの国旗 (日本語)  Прапор Колумбії (Українська)  Национално знаме на Колумбия (Български)  콜롬비아의 국기 (한국어)  Kolumbian lippu (Suomi)  Bendera Kolombia (Bahasa Indonesia)  Kolumbijos vėliava (Lietuvių)  Colombias flag (Dansk)  Kolumbijská vlajka (Česky)  Kolombiya bayrağı (Türkçe)  Застава Колумбије (Српски / Srpski)  Colombia lipp (Eesti)  Vlajka Kolumbie (Slovenčina)  Kolumbia zászlaja (Magyar)  Zastava Kolumbije (Hrvatski)  ธงชาติโคลอมเบีย (ไทย)  Kolumbijas karogs (Latviešu)  Σημαία της Κολομβίας (Ελληνικά)  Quốc kỳ Colombia (Tiếng Việt)