National flag - Flag of Cyprus

National flag  >  Flag of Cyprus

Flag of Cyprus

The national flag of Cyprus (σημαία της Κύπρου simea tis Kipru; Kıbrıs bayrağı) came into use on 16 August 1960, under the Zurich and London Agreements, whereby a constitution was drafted and Cyprus was proclaimed an independent state. The flag was designed by art teacher İsmet Güney. The design of the flag deliberately employs peaceful and neutral symbols in an attempt to indicate harmony between the rival Greek and Turkish communities, an ideal that has not yet been realized. In 1963, Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities separated because of Cypriot intercommunal violence.

The state flag features the shape of the entirety of the island, with two olive branches below (a symbol of peace between the island's two communities) on white (another symbol of peace). The olive branches signify peace between the Greeks and Turks. The map on the flag is a copper-orange colour, symbolising the large deposits of copper ore on the island, from which it may have received its name. Former President of Cyprus Glafcos Clerides described the flag as "the most innocent flag in the world" because "no one died for it".

The flag of the Republic of Cyprus was preceded by the flag of British Cyprus. Upon independence, Cyprus adopted a new flag, the design of which being created through a design competition in 1960. Under the constitution, the flag should not include either blue or red colours (the colours of the flag of Greece and the flag of Turkey), nor portray a cross or a crescent. All participants deliberately avoided use of these four elements in an attempt to make the flag "neutral".

The winning design was based on a proposal by İsmet Güney, a Turkish Cypriot art teacher. The design was chosen by Makarios III, the first President of the Republic, with the consent of Fazil Küçük, the first Vice-President.

Despite the attempt at a neutral design to promote unity amongst the constituent communities, this flag is most often used only by the Greek Cypriots, since it is associated by the Turkish Cypriots with the Greek-dominated Republic of Cyprus. Following the Turkish invasion of Cyprus and the establishment of the self-declared Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, Turkish-Cypriots use the Flag of Northern Cyprus.

In the design of August 1960, the colour of the map is copper (Pantone 144-C). Both the crest and the two olive-tree leaves are olive green (Pantone 336-C). The background is white with the 3:5 ratio. In April 2006 the design was updated, the shape of the olive branches were slightly altered, its color was changed to Pantone 574, The copper color of the map was changed to Pantone 1385 and the ratio was changed to 3:2.

Flags produced on Cyprus often differ from the original specifications, both regarding the size of the map and the colours used. The government announced in October 2005, that it would take steps to "start from scratch" and assure that only flags complying with the official specifications would be produced.

Under the constitution of Cyprus, the flag of Cyprus may be flown by state institutions, public corporations, and citizens of the country.

According to the Constitution, private citizens may fly the flag of Cyprus alongside either the Greek flag, the Turkish flag, or both. Other provisions also allow municipalities, educational institutions and the National Guard to do so as well.

Under the terms of the publicly-rejected referendum Annan Plan for Cyprus, a United Nations proposal to settle the Cyprus dispute, a new national flag would have been adopted by a reconstituted confederal republic of Cyprus. Unlike the current official flag, this version consciously incorporates colours representing Greece (blue) and Turkey (red) alongside a large copper-yellow band for Cyprus; the heraldic blazon is per fess Azure and Gules, a Spanish fess Or fimbriated Argent. It is possible that any future Cyprus settlement will include the adoption of a new flag.
National flag 
Flag of Cyprus

Country - Cyprus

Cyprus (Κύπρος ; Kıbrıs ), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία; Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti), is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean and the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean, located south of Turkey, west of Syria and Lebanon, northwest of Israel, north of Egypt, and southeast of Greece.

The earliest known human activity on the island dates to around the 10th millennium BC. Archaeological remains from this period include the well-preserved Neolithic village of Khirokitia, and Cyprus is home to some of the oldest water wells in the world. Cyprus was settled by Mycenaean Greeks in two waves in the 2nd millennium BC. As a strategic location in the Middle East, it was subsequently occupied by several major powers, including the empires of the Assyrians, Egyptians and Persians, from whom the island was seized in 333 BC by Alexander the Great. Subsequent rule by Ptolemaic Egypt, the Classical and Eastern Roman Empire, Arab caliphates for a short period, the French Lusignan dynasty and the Venetians, was followed by over three centuries of Ottoman rule between 1571 and 1878 (de jure until 1914).

Language

Flag of Cyprus (English)  Bandiera di Cipro (Italiano)  Vlag van Cyprus (Nederlands)  Drapeau de Chypre (Français)  Flagge der Republik Zypern (Deutsch)  Bandeira de Chipre (Português)  Флаг Республики Кипр (Русский)  Bandera de Chipre (Español)  Flaga Cypru (Polski)  塞浦路斯国旗 (中文)  Cyperns flagga (Svenska)  Drapelul Ciprului (Română)  キプロスの国旗 (日本語)  Прапор Кіпру (Українська)  Национално знаме на Кипър (Български)  키프로스의 국기 (한국어)  Kyproksen tasavallan lippu (Suomi)  Bendera Siprus (Bahasa Indonesia)  Kipro vėliava (Lietuvių)  Cyperns flag (Dansk)  Kyperská vlajka (Česky)  Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti bayrağı (Türkçe)  Застава Кипра (Српски / Srpski)  Küprose lipp (Eesti)  Vlajka Cypru (Slovenčina)  Ciprus zászlaja (Magyar)  Zastava Cipra (Hrvatski)  ธงชาติไซปรัส (ไทย)  Kipras karogs (Latviešu)  Σημαία της Κύπρου (Ελληνικά)  Quốc kỳ Síp (Tiếng Việt) 
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