National flag - Flag of Egypt

National flag  >  Flag of Egypt

Flag of Egypt

The flag of Egypt is a tricolour consisting of the three equal horizontal red, white, and black bands of the Egyptian revolutionary flag dating back to the 1952 Egyptian Revolution. The flag bears Egypt's national emblem, the Egyptian eagle of Saladin centered in the white band.

The Egyptian Free Officers who toppled King Farouk in the Revolution of 1952 assigned specific symbolism to each of the three bands of the revolutionary and liberation flag. The red band symbolizes the Egyptians’ blood in the war against colonization. The white band symbolizes the purity of the Egyptian’s heart. The black band below the white, symbolizes the manner in which darkness is overcome.

Egypt's Revolutionary and Liberation flag was then an inspiration to several Arab countries and was adopted by many Arab states. The same horizontal tricolour is used by Iraq, Syria, Sudan, and Yemen (and formerly Libya), the only difference being the presence (or absence) of distinguishing national emblems in the white band.

The development of the modern Egyptian flag was determined first by the Muhammad Ali Dynasty, under whom Egypt was united with Sudan, and later by the rise of Egyptian nationalism and revolutionary ideas among the Egyptian Army.

When Muhammad Ali successfully seized power in Egypt, the country was officially an Eyalet (Egypt Eyalet) of the Ottoman Empire. However, throughout his reign, and that of his sons and grandsons, Egypt enjoyed virtual independence as a Khedivate. The meaning of the three stars and crescents has been suggested that this was to symbolise the victory of his armies in three continents (Africa, Asia, and Europe), and his own sovereignty over Egypt, Sudan, and Hejaz. The similarity with the flag of the Ottoman Empire was deliberate, as Muhammad Ali harbored grandiose ambitions of deposing the Ottoman dynasty, and seizing the sultanic throne himself.

Egypt retained this flag even after formal Ottoman sovereignty was terminated in 1914, when Egypt was declared to be a sultanate, and a British protectorate.

After the Urabi Revolt in 1882, British forces occupied the country, igniting ever greater nationalist resentment. This reached a peak in the Revolution of 1919, when both the red flag introduced by Muhammad Ali, and a special green banner bearing a crescent and cross were used in protests against the British (the latter symbolizing that both Egypt's Muslim and Christian communities supported the Egyptian nationalist movement against the occupation).

National flag 
Flag of Egypt

Country - United Arab Republic

The United Arab Republic (UAR; الجمهورية العربية المتحدة ) was a sovereign state in the Middle East from 1958 to 1971. It was initially a political union between Egypt (including the occupied Gaza Strip) and Syria from 1958 to until Syria seceded from the union after the 1961 Syrian coup d'état, leaving a rump state, while Egypt continued to be known officially as the United Arab Republic until 1971.

The republic was led by President of Egypt Gamal Abdel Nasser. The UAR was a member of the United Arab States, a loose confederation with the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen, which was dissolved in 1961.
Neighbourhood - Country  

  •  Libya 
  •  Sudan 
  •  Israel 

Language

Flag of Egypt (English)  Bandiera dell'Egitto (Italiano)  Vlag van Egypte (Nederlands)  Drapeau de l'Égypte (Français)  Flagge Ägyptens (Deutsch)  Bandeira do Egito (Português)  Флаг Египта (Русский)  Bandera de Egipto (Español)  Flaga Egiptu (Polski)  埃及国旗 (中文)  Egyptens flagga (Svenska)  Drapelul Egiptului (Română)  エジプトの国旗 (日本語)  Прапор Єгипту (Українська)  Национално знаме на Египет (Български)  이집트의 국기 (한국어)  Egyptin lippu (Suomi)  Bendera Mesir (Bahasa Indonesia)  Egipto vėliava (Lietuvių)  Egyptens flag (Dansk)  Egyptská vlajka (Česky)  Mısır bayrağı (Türkçe)  Застава Египта (Српски / Srpski)  Egiptuse lipp (Eesti)  Vlajka Egypta (Slovenčina)  Egyiptom zászlaja (Magyar)  Zastava Egipta (Hrvatski)  ธงชาติอียิปต์ (ไทย)  Σημαία της Αιγύπτου (Ελληνικά)  Quốc kỳ Ai Cập (Tiếng Việt) 
 mapnall@gmail.com