National flag - Flag of Guatemala

National flag  >  Flag of Guatemala

Flag of Guatemala

The flag of Guatemala, often referred to as "Pabellón Nacional" (literally, "National Flag") or "Azuliblanco" ("Blue and White") features two colors: sky blue and white. The two sky blue stripes represent the fact that Guatemala is a land located between two oceans, the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean (Caribbean sea); and the sky over the country (see Guatemala's national anthem). The white signifies peace and purity. The blue and white colors, like those of several other countries in the region, are based on the flag of the former Federal Republic of Central America.

In the center of the flag is the Guatemalan coat of arms. It includes the resplendent quetzal, the national bird of Guatemala that symbolizes liberty; a parchment scroll bearing the date of Central America's independence from Spain, 15 September 1821; crossed rifles, indicating Guatemala's willingness to defend itself by force if need be; a bay laurel crown, the symbol for victory; and crossed swords, representing honor. The flag is one of only three national flags of UN member states to feature a firearm, the others being those of Mozambique and Haiti.

The Federal Republic of Central America flag was used in Guatemala until 1851, when a pro-Spanish faction took over and added the Spanish colors of red and yellow to the flag. The original colors were restored on August 17, 1871, but as vertical (rather than horizontal) stripes in order to distinguish it from other flags and with a new coat of arms.

The resplendent quetzal previously appeared in the 1830s in the flag of Los Altos, the sixth state in the Federal Republic.

In 2008 a flag called the Bandera de Los Pueblos (Flag of indigenous peoples) was adopted by law and is shown together with the national flag of Guatemala in all events featuring the President of Guatemala since then. The flag is divided in four parts, red, yellow, white and black, each colour representing Xinca people, Garifuna people, Maya peoples and Ladino people, respectively.

These colours are also part of the Q'anil, a Maya symbol in which each color represents a point of the compass, an element of nature and a part of the human being. Q'anil means "seed" in Maya script, and is also used for one of the 20 days of the Maya calendar. Aimed at promoting "interculturality" in Guatemala, the Bandera de los Pueblos was received with coolness by the leaders of the peoples, who do not seem to have been consulted.

The Guatemalan Flag has changed throughout history, arriving to its current design in 1871.


National flag 
Flag of Guatemala

Country - Guatemala

Guatemala, officially the Republic of Guatemala (República de Guatemala), is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, Belize and the Caribbean to the northeast, Honduras to the east, El Salvador to the southeast and the Pacific Ocean to the south. With an estimated population of around million, it is the most populated country in Central America. Guatemala is a representative democracy; its capital and largest city is Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción, also known as Guatemala City.

The territory of modern Guatemala once formed the core of the Maya civilization, which extended across Mesoamerica. Most of the country was conquered by the Spanish in the 16th century, becoming part of the viceroyalty of New Spain. Guatemala attained independence in 1821 as part of the Federal Republic of Central America, which dissolved by 1841.
Neighbourhood - Country  

  •  Belize 
  •  El Salvador 
  •  Honduras 
  •  Mexico 


Flag of Guatemala (English)  Bandiera del Guatemala (Italiano)  Vlag van Guatemala (Nederlands)  Drapeau du Guatemala (Français)  Flagge Guatemalas (Deutsch)  Bandeira da Guatemala (Português)  Флаг Гватемалы (Русский)  Bandera de Guatemala (Español)  Flaga Gwatemali (Polski)  危地馬拉國旗 (中文)  Guatemalas flagga (Svenska)  Drapelul Guatemalei (Română)  グアテマラの国旗 (日本語)  Прапор Гватемали (Українська)  Национално знаме на Гватемала (Български)  과테말라의 국기 (한국어)  Guatemalan lippu (Suomi)  Bendera Guatemala (Bahasa Indonesia)  Gvatemalos vėliava (Lietuvių)  Guatemalská vlajka (Česky)  Guatemala bayrağı (Türkçe)  Застава Гватемале (Српски / Srpski)  Guatemala lipp (Eesti)  Vlajka Guatemaly (Slovenčina)  Guatemala zászlaja (Magyar)  Zastava Gvatemale (Hrvatski)  ธงชาติกัวเตมาลา (ไทย)  Σημαία της Γουατεμάλας (Ελληνικά)  Quốc kỳ Guatemala (Tiếng Việt)