National flag - Flag of Malawi

National flag  >  Flag of Malawi

Flag of Malawi

The flag of Malawi was officially adopted on 6 July 1964 when the colony of Nyasaland became independent from British rule and renamed itself Malawi.

The first flag of independent Malawi was adopted on 6 July 1964. The rising sun represents the dawn of hope and freedom for the continent of Africa (when the flag was created, more countries in Africa were gaining independence from European rule). The 31 rays of the sun represent the fact that Malawi was the 31st African nation at the time of its independence. The black represents the indigenous people of the continent, the red symbolizes the blood of their struggle, and the green represents nature. The flag resembles the Pan-African flag designed by Marcus Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement Association, with the red and black bands reversed and a red sun in the top. It also resembles the flag of the now-defunct Republic of Biafra.

A new flag of Malawi was adopted on 29 July 2010, as proposed by the Democratic Progressive Party-led government. The stripes were altered from the previous flag to match the original Pan-African Flag layout, with the red stripe at the top, the black stripe in middle, and the green stripe at the bottom. The rising sun at the flag's top was replaced with a full, centred white sun with 45 rays representing the economic progress Malawi has made since becoming independent. The opposition United Democratic Front announced that it would challenge the legitimacy of flag change in court. The flag was endorsed by the President of Malawi, Bingu wa Mutharika, who approved the flag change on 29 July 2010. There was much public outcry about whether there was a need to change the flag, but the process continued despite being unwelcome to much of the public. The flag was pejoratively nicknamed "Bingu's flag" by the majority of the nation who saw it as an illegitimate flag. Many objected to the new flag, perceiving its adoption as undemocratic.

On 28 May 2012, under new president Joyce Banda, Parliament voted to revert to the independence flag.

The colours of the flag are defined using British Standard colours:

National flag 
Flag of Malawi

Country - Malawi

Malawi (, or ; or [maláwi] ), officially the Republic of Malawi, is a landlocked country in southeast Africa that was formerly known as Nyasaland. It is bordered by Zambia to the northwest, Tanzania to the northeast, and Mozambique on the east, south and west. Malawi is over 118000 km² with an estimated population of (as at July ). Lake Malawi takes up about a third of Malawi's area. Its capital is Lilongwe, which is also Malawi's largest city; the second largest is Blantyre, the third is Mzuzu and the fourth largest is its old capital Zomba. The name Malawi comes from the Maravi, an old name of the Nyanja people that inhabit the area. The country is also nicknamed "The Warm Heart of Africa" because of the friendliness of the people.

The part of Africa now known as Malawi was settled by migrating Bantu groups around the 10th century. Centuries later in 1891 the area was colonised by the British. In 1953 Malawi, then known as Nyasaland, a protectorate of the United Kingdom, became a protectorate within the semi-independent Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. The Federation was dissolved in 1963. In 1964 the protectorate over Nyasaland was ended and Nyasaland became an independent country under Queen Elizabeth II with the new name Malawi. Two years later it became a republic. Upon gaining independence it became a totalitarian one-party state under the presidency of Hastings Banda, who remained president until 1994. Malawi has a democratic, multi-party government headed by an elected president, currently Arthur Peter Mutharika. The country has a Malawian Defence Force that includes an army, a navy and an air wing. Malawi's foreign policy is pro-Western and includes positive diplomatic relations with most countries and participation in several international organisations, including the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), and the African Union (AU).
Neighbourhood - Country  

  •  Mozambique 
  •  Tanzania 
  •  Zambia 

Language

Flag of Malawi (English)  Bandiera del Malawi (Italiano)  Vlag van Malawi (Nederlands)  Drapeau du Malawi (Français)  Flagge Malawis (Deutsch)  Bandeira do Malawi (Português)  Флаг Малави (Русский)  Bandera de Malaui (Español)  Flaga Malawi (Polski)  马拉维国旗 (中文)  Malawis flagga (Svenska)  マラウイの国旗 (日本語)  Прапор Малаві (Українська)  Национално знаме на Малави (Български)  말라위의 국기 (한국어)  Malawin lippu (Suomi)  Bendera Malawi (Bahasa Indonesia)  Malavio vėliava (Lietuvių)  Malawis flag (Dansk)  Vlajka Malawi (Česky)  Malavi bayrağı (Türkçe)  Застава Малавија (Српски / Srpski)  Malawi lipp (Eesti)  Vlajka Malawi (Slovenčina)  Malawi zászlaja (Magyar)  Zastava Malavija (Hrvatski)  ธงชาติมาลาวี (ไทย)  Σημαία του Μαλάουι (Ελληνικά)  Quốc kỳ Malawi (Tiếng Việt) 
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