National flag - Flag of Malta

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Flag of Malta

The flag of Malta (Bandiera ta' Malta) is a basic bi-colour, with white in the hoist and red in the fly. A representation of the George Cross, awarded to Malta by George VI of the United Kingdom in 1942, is carried, edged with red, in the canton of the white stripe.

The red hue in the Maltese flag is officially documented as Pantone©186c, R207 G20 B43 (# CF142B) or Spot Colour - 50% rubine red • 50% warm red.

Tradition states that the colours of the flag were given to Malta by Roger I of Sicily in 1090. Roger's fleet landed in Malta on the completion of the Norman conquest of Sicily. It is said that local Christians offered to fight by Roger's side against the Arab defenders. In order to recognise the locals fighting on his side from the defenders, Roger reportedly tore off part of his chequered red-and-white flag. This story has, however, been debunked as a 19th-century myth, possibly even earlier due to the Mdina, Malta's old capital, associating its colours with Roger's in the late Middle Ages.

The flag of the Knights of Malta, a white cross on a red field, was a more likely source of the Maltese colours, inspiring the red and white shield used during the British colonial period.

The George Cross originally appeared on the flag placed on a blue canton (see List of flags of Malta). The flag was changed on 21 September 1964 with Malta's independence when the blue canton was replaced by a red fimbriation the intention being that the Cross appear less prominent.

The civil ensign shows a red field, bordered white and charged with a blank Maltese cross.

National flag 
Flag of Malta

Country - Malta

Malta, officially known as the Republic of Malta (Repubblika ta' Malta), is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea. It lies 80 km south of Italy, 284 km east of Tunisia, and 333 km north of Libya. With a population of about 475,000 over an area of 316 km2, Malta is the world's tenth smallest and fifth most densely populated country. Its capital is Valletta, which is the smallest national capital in the European Union by area at 0.8 km. 2 The official languages are Maltese and English, with Maltese officially recognised as the national language and the only Semitic language in the European Union.

Malta has been inhabited since approximately 5900 BC. Its location in the centre of the Mediterranean has historically given it great strategic importance as a naval base, with a succession of powers having contested and ruled the islands, including the Phoenicians and Carthaginians, Romans, Greeks, Arabs, Normans, Aragonese, Knights of St. John, French, and British. Most of these foreign influences have left some sort of mark on the country's ancient culture.

Language

Flag of Malta (English)  Bandiera di Malta (Italiano)  Vlag van Malta (Nederlands)  Drapeau de Malte (Français)  Flagge Maltas (Deutsch)  Bandeira de Malta (Português)  Флаг Мальты (Русский)  Bandera de Malta (Español)  Flaga Malty (Polski)  马耳他国旗 (中文)  Maltas flagga (Svenska)  Drapelul Maltei (Română)  マルタの国旗 (日本語)  Прапор Мальти (Українська)  Национално знаме на Малта (Български)  몰타의 국기 (한국어)  Maltan lippu (Suomi)  Bendera Malta (Bahasa Indonesia)  Maltos vėliava (Lietuvių)  Maltas flag (Dansk)  Maltská vlajka (Česky)  Malta bayrağı (Türkçe)  Застава Малте (Српски / Srpski)  Malta lipp (Eesti)  Vlajka Malty (Slovenčina)  Málta zászlaja (Magyar)  Zastava Malte (Hrvatski)  ธงชาติมอลตา (ไทย)  Σημαία της Μάλτας (Ελληνικά)  Quốc kỳ Malta (Tiếng Việt) 
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