National flag - Flag of Mauritania

National flag  >  Flag of Mauritania

Flag of Mauritania

The flag of Mauritania is a green field containing a gold star and crescent, with a red stripe at the top and bottom of the field. The original national flag was introduced under the instructions of President Moktar Ould Daddah and the constitution of 22 March 1959 and was adopted on 1 April 1959.

On 5 August 2017, a referendum was held by President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz to change the national flag, abolish the senate, and other constitutional amendments. The referendum was successful, and the new flag, including two red stripes, which represent "the efforts and sacrifices that the people of Mauritania will keep consenting, to the price of their blood, to defend their territory", was adopted in for its first raising on 28 November 2017, the 57th anniversary of Mauritania's independence.

Green, gold and red are considered Pan-African colours. Green is also used to symbolise Islam, and the gold is for the sands of the Sahara desert. The red stripes, which were added to the flag in 2017, represent "the efforts and sacrifices that the people of Mauritania will keep consenting, to the price of their blood, to defend their territory". The crescent and star are symbols of Islam, which is Mauritania's state religion. Some writers have also speculated that green symbolises a bright future and growth. There is no official specification or construction sheet for the exact relative measurements of the star and crescent, although the flag's measurements are 2:3.

The design acts as the national flag of Mauritania and is also used in circular form as an aircraft roundel.

Although the constitutional amendments only mentioned the addition of red bands, officials have been using different flag's models since the change in 2017.

The current constitution of 12 July 1991 specifies that:

"The national emblem is a flag with a crescent and a gold star on a green ground"

- 12 July 1991

Unlike the seal, the exact flag is specified, not merely the right for a law to specify it at some later date. However, the flag has its official basis in the earlier constitution of 22 March 1959; no changes were made when the country declared its independence in 1960.

National flag 
Flag of Mauritania

Country - Mauritania

Mauritania is a country in Northwest Africa. It is the eleventh largest sovereign state in Africa and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Western Sahara to the north and northwest, Algeria to the northeast, Mali to the east and southeast, and Senegal to the southwest.

The country derives its name from the ancient Berber kingdom of Mauretania, which existed from the 3rd century BCE into the 7th century CE in the far north of modern-day Morocco and Algeria. Approximately 90% of Mauritania's land is within the Sahara; consequently, the population is concentrated in the south, where precipitation is slightly higher. The capital and largest city is Nouakchott, located on the Atlantic coast, which is home to around one-third of the country's million people. The government was overthrown on 6 August 2008, in a military coup d'état led by General Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz. On 16 April 2009, Aziz resigned from the military to run for president in the 19 July elections, which he won.
Neighbourhood - Country  

  •  Algeria 
  •  Mali 
  •  Senegal 
  •  Western Sahara 


Flag of Mauritania (English)  Bandiera della Mauritania (Italiano)  Vlag van Mauritanië (Nederlands)  Drapeau de la Mauritanie (Français)  Flagge Mauretaniens (Deutsch)  Bandeira da Mauritânia (Português)  Флаг Мавритании (Русский)  Bandera de Mauritania (Español)  Flaga Mauretanii (Polski)  毛里塔尼亚国旗 (中文)  Mauretaniens flagga (Svenska)  Drapelul Mauritaniei (Română)  モーリタニアの国旗 (日本語)  Прапор Мавританії (Українська)  Национално знаме на Мавритания (Български)  모리타니의 국기 (한국어)  Mauritanian lippu (Suomi)  Bendera Mauritania (Bahasa Indonesia)  Mauritanijos vėliava (Lietuvių)  Mauretaniens flag (Dansk)  Mauritánská vlajka (Česky)  Moritanya bayrağı (Türkçe)  Застава Мауританије (Српски / Srpski)  Mauritaania lipp (Eesti)  Vlajka Mauritánie (Slovenčina)  Mauritánia zászlaja (Magyar)  Zastava Mauretanije (Hrvatski)  ธงชาติมอริเตเนีย (ไทย)  Mauritānijas karogs (Latviešu)  Σημαία της Μαυριτανίας (Ελληνικά)  Quốc kỳ Mauritanie (Tiếng Việt)