National flag - Flag of Poland

National flag  >  Flag of Poland

Flag of Poland

The flag of Poland consists of two horizontal stripes of equal width, the upper one white and the lower one red. The two colors are defined in the Polish constitution as the national colors. A variant of the flag with the national coat of arms in the middle of the white stripe is legally reserved for official use abroad and at sea. A similar flag with the addition of a swallow-tail is used as the naval ensign of Poland.

White and red were officially adopted as national colours in 1831. They are of heraldic origin and derive from the tinctures (colours) of the coats of arms of the two constituent nations of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, i.e. the White Eagle of Poland and the Pursuer of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, a white knight riding a white horse, both on a red shield. Prior to that, Polish soldiers wore cockades of various color combinations. The national flag was officially adopted in 1919. Since 2004, Polish Flag Day is celebrated on 2 May.

The flag is flown continuously on the buildings of the highest national authorities, such as the parliament and the presidential palace. Other institutions and many Polish people fly the national flag on national holidays and other special occasions of national significance. Current Polish law does not restrict the use of the national flag without the coat of arms as long as the flag is not disrespected.

Horizontal bicolours of white and red being a relatively widespread design, there are several flags that are similar but unrelated to the Polish one. There are two national flags with the red stripe above the white one: those of Indonesia and Monaco. In Poland, many flags based on the national design also feature the national colours.

The colors and flags of the Republic of Poland are described in two legal documents: the Constitution of the Republic of Poland of 1997, and the Coat of Arms, Colors and Anthem of the Republic of Poland, and State Seals Act (Ustawa o godle, barwach i hymnie Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej oraz o pieczęciach państwowych) of 1980 with subsequent amendments (henceforth referred to as "the Coat of Arms Act").

Legislation concerning the national symbols is far from perfect. The Coat of Arms Act has been amended several times and refers extensively to executive ordinances, some of which have never been issued. Moreover, the Act contains errors, omissions and inconsistencies which make the law confusing, open to various interpretations and often not followed in practice.

According to Chapter I, Article 28, paragraph 2 of the Constitution, the national colours of Poland are white and red. The Coat of Arms Act, Article 4, further specifies that the colours are white and red in two horizontal, parallel stripes of equal width, of which the top one is white and the bottom one is red. If the colours are displayed vertically, the white stripe is placed on the left from the onlooker's viewpoint. Attachment no. 2 to the Act shows the national colors in both horizontal and vertical alignment, as well as the official shades of both colours expressed as coordinates in the CIE xyY (CIE 1931) colour space with the tolerated colour differences (ΔE) specified in the CIE 1976 (L*, u*, v*) colour space (CIELUV).

The Constitution contains no mention of a national flag. Instead, the flag is defined by the Coat of Arms Act which specifies two variants of the national flag: the national flag of the Republic of Poland (flaga państwowa Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej) and the national flag with coat of arms of the Republic of Poland (flaga państwowa z godłem Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej). Both flags are defined in Article 6 of the act as follows:

"#The state flag of the Republic of Poland is a rectangular piece of cloth in the colors of the Republic of Poland hoisted on a flagpole.''#The state flag of the Republic of Poland is also the flag specified in paragraph 1, with the coat of arms of the Republic of Poland placed in the middle of the white stripe."

The hoist to fly ratio for both flags is 5:8. For the latter flag, the proportion between the inescutcheon of the coat of arms and the hoist is 2:5. Images of both variations of the flag can be found in attachment no. 3 to the Coat of Arms Act.
National flag 
Flag of Poland

Country - Poland

Poland (Polska ), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita ), is a country located in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 administrative subdivisions, covering an area of 312696 km2, and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With a population of approximately 38.5 million people, Poland is the sixth most populous member state of the European Union. Poland's capital and largest metropolis is Warsaw. Other major cities include Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, and Szczecin.

Poland is bordered by the Baltic Sea, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast and Lithuania to the north, Belarus and Ukraine to the east, Slovakia and Czech Republic, to the south, and Germany to the west.
Neighbourhood - Country  

  •  Belarus 
  •  Czech Republic 
  •  Germany 
  •  Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic 
  •  Russia 
  •  Slovakia 
  •  Ukraine 


Flag of Poland (English)  Bandiera della Polonia (Italiano)  Vlag van Polen (Nederlands)  Drapeau de la Pologne (Français)  Flagge Polens (Deutsch)  Bandeira da Polónia (Português)  Флаг Польши (Русский)  Bandera de Polonia (Español)  Flaga Polski (Polski)  波蘭國旗 (中文)  Polens flagga (Svenska)  Drapelul Poloniei (Română)  ポーランドの国旗 (日本語)  Прапор Польщі (Українська)  Национално знаме на Полша (Български)  폴란드의 국기 (한국어)  Puolan lippu (Suomi)  Bendera Polandia (Bahasa Indonesia)  Lenkijos vėliava (Lietuvių)  Polens flag (Dansk)  Polská vlajka (Česky)  Polonya bayrağı (Türkçe)  Застава Пољске (Српски / Srpski)  Poola lipp (Eesti)  Vlajka Poľska (Slovenčina)  Lengyelország zászlaja (Magyar)  Zastava Poljske (Hrvatski)  ธงชาติโปแลนด์ (ไทย)  Polijas karogs (Latviešu)  Σημαία της Πολωνίας (Ελληνικά)  Quốc kỳ Ba Lan (Tiếng Việt)